|northern South America|
Macro-Paesan is a proposal linking several small families and language isolates of northwest South America. Kaufman (2007) proposes the structure at the right. Paez–Barbacoan is commonly proposed; Kunza–Kapixana was a more provisional suggestion, and Kunza has since turned out to be an isolate.
- Kaufman, Terrence. 2007. Atlas of the World's Languages, 2nd edition, 62–64. Routledge.