Macrolepiota

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Macrolepiota
Macrolepiota procera 031026w.jpg
Macrolepiota procera
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Agaricaceae
Genus: Macrolepiota
Singer (1948)[1]
Type species
Macrolepiota procera
(Scop.) Singer (1948)
Synonyms[5]

Lepiotella Rick (1938)[2]
Rickella Locq. (1952)[3]
Volvolepiota Singer (1959)[4]

Macrolepiota rhacodes

Macrolepiota is a genus of white spored, gilled mushrooms of the family Agaricaceae. The best known member is the parasol mushroom (M. procera). The genus has a widespread distribution and contains about 30 species.[6]

Recent DNA studies have split this genus into two clades. The first includes M. procera, M. mastoidea, M. clelandii and closely related species, while the second clade is more diverse and includes M. rhacodes, Chlorophyllum molybdites and many others.[7]

Macrolepiota albuminosa is eaten in Chinese cuisine, where it is called jīzōng (鸡枞; literally "chicken fir tree").

Species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Singer R. (1948). "New and interesting species of Basidiomycetes. II". Papers of the Michigan Academy of Sciences 32: 103–50. 
  2. ^ Rick JE. (1938). "Agarici Riograndenses". lilloa 2: 251–316. 
  3. ^ Locquin M. (1952). "Sur la non-validité de quelques genres d’Agaricales". Bulletin de la Société Mycologique de France (in French) 68: 165–69. 
  4. ^ Singer R. (1959). "Dos generos de hongos nuevos para Argentina". Boletín de la Sociedad Argentina de Botánica 8 (1): 9–13 language=Spanish. 
  5. ^ "Macrolepiota Singer 1948". MycoBank. International Mycological Association. Retrieved 2011-11-27. 
  6. ^ Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA. (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi (10th ed.). Wallingford, UK: CAB International. p. 396. ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8. 
  7. ^ Vellinga EC, de Kok RPJ, Bruns TD. (2003). "Phylogeny and taxonomy of Macrolepiota (Agaricaceae)". Mycologia 95 (3): 442–56. doi:10.2307/3761886. JSTOR 3761886. PMID 21156633. 

External links[edit]