Macrothele

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Macrothele
Macrothele.gigas.female.frontal.-.tanikawa.jpg
Threatening female M. gigas
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Suborder: Mygalomorphae
Family: Hexathelidae
Genus: Macrothele
Ausserer, 1871
Type species
Mygale calpeiana
Walckenaer, 1805
Species

See text.

Diversity
26 species

Macrothele is a genus of mygalomorph spiders.

Most species occur in Asia from India to Japan and Java, with four found in Africa, and two in Europe.

Description[edit]

Nest of M. gigas

Spiders of this genus are fairly large, with Chinese species ranging from one to three centimeters in female body length. Males are smaller, sometimes only half the size.

These spiders build tube-webs or funnel-webs under rocks, logs or crevices in the ground.[1]

Distribution[edit]

Macrothele ranges from the western Mediterranean and West Africa to Southeast Asia and China. However, there is some doubt if the western and eastern species should be grouped in the same genus.[2]

Name[edit]

The genus name is derived from Ancient Greek makro "big" and thele, which refers to the spinnerets.

Species[edit]

Female M. yaginumai

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Zhu & Song 2000
  2. ^ Murphy & Murphy 2000

References[edit]

  • Zhu, M.S. & Song, D.X. (2000): Review of the Chinese funnel-web spiders of the genus Macrothele, with descriptions of two new species (Araneae:Hexathelidae). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 48(1): 59-64. PDF (with key to Chinese species)
  • Platnick, Norman I. (2008): The world spider catalog, version 8.5. American Museum of Natural History.
  • Murphy, Frances & Murphy, John (2000): An Introduction to the Spiders of South East Asia. Malaysian Nature Society, Kuala Lumpur.