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|City and Commune|
|Vásquez Palace, the town hall for the Municipality of Macul.|
|Coordinates (city): Coordinates:|
|• Alcalde||Sergio Puyol Carreño (PDC)|
|• Total||12.9 km2 (5.0 sq mi)|
|Population (2002 Census)|
|• Density||8,700/km2 (23,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CLT  (UTC-4)|
|• Summer (DST)||CLST  (UTC-3)|
|Area code(s)||56 +|
|Website||Municipality of Macul|
Macul (Quechua: "to stretch out right hand") is a commune (smallest administrative subdivision in Chile) of Chile located in the central-eastern part of Greater Santiago, bordered by the communes of Ñuñoa to the north, San Joaquín to the west, Peñalolén to the east and La Florida to the south.
It is a predominantly residential and industrial zone, but its activities have been increasing and diversifying, which has forced a gradual change in terms of infrastructure and equipment.
Macul was one of 5 indigenous villages that were located in the region of Ñuñohue prior to the arrival of the Spaniards. Its economy was heavily based on agriculture due to the fertile soils of the area.
By the seventeenth century, the Ñuñoa area kept its agricultural character and the development of a road system had strengthened its ties with the city of Santiago. During the nineteenth century were a number of changes and developments that changed the purely rural character of Ñuñoa and Macul, of which the main ones are: the construction of railways, housing developments and the enactment of the Autonomous Commune Law.
Since 1930 Ñuñoa strengthens its residential character and due to the existence of important means of transport and communications with the rest of the city, it begins to host a large number of factories.
Beginning in 1960, the territory of Macul stops of being an urban expansion area of the city of Santiago, reaching the 100 percent of this an urban area status. This phase terminates in the early 1970s and has a direct relation with the opening of Américo Vespucio Ringroad.
In 1981, Ñuñoa was subdivided into three communes: Ñuñoa, Peñalolén and Macul. Only since 1984 the Municipality of Macul officially begins to operate, exercising authority over a fully urbanized territory, with a significant industrial sector before belonging to the commune of Ñuñoa.
Since 1992 the municipal authorities are elected every four years via popular vote.
As a commune, Macul is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a municipal council, headed by an alcalde who is directly elected every four years. The 2008-2012 alcalde is Sergio Puyol Carreño (PDC), who is advised by council members:
- Carmen Calderon Porb
Twenty units neighbourhood divide the commune, they constitute instances of assembly and participation of neighbors of the same area or district in the study of problems and concerns. Each time the municipal administration is characterized by the Cabildos Communal that the authority made such bases, which results in a Community Development Plan Macul, in which all participate.
Within the electoral divisions of Chile, Macul is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Felipe Salaberry (UDI) and Ximena Vidal (PPD) as part of the 25th electoral district, (together with San Joaquín and La Granja). The commune is represented in the Senate by Soledad Alvear (PDC) and Pablo Longueira (UDI) as part of the 8th senatorial constituency (Santiago-East).
In the educational ambit, the commune of Macul is home to the San Joaquín Campus of the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile, which is located on the eastern side of Vicuña Mackenna Avenue. This campus hosts several faculties and features labs, libraries, casinos and sport fields of excellent quality for undergraduates and graduates students. Macul is also home to the sports campus of the University of the Americas called Campus One (Sports Complex UDLA). This campus is the result of the union of ONE, a company of Hans Gildemeister and Universidad de Las Americas, to promote physical activity in the University community.
Another higher education institution with facilities in Macul is INACAP, which replaced the former facilities of Colón and Tabancura Streets. Note that this is the largest campus built in the country by INACAP, with more than 20,000 m2 (4.9 acres) of floor area on 30,000 m2 (7.4 acres) of land. This campus is located at the intersection of Vicuña Mackenna Avenue and Escuela Agricola Street.
Among the attractions of the commune is the Aquatic Club Macul, also Estadio Monumental David Arellano owned by the most popular team from Chile, Colo-Colo, and the training center of the selection Chilean football Juan Pinto Durán. It also adds Park Game Mechanics Port Aventura. For youth activity is one of the biggest clubs in Santiago which is located in Luxor Disco avenue Departmental and Creole restaurant grill "Donde la Cuca" which is characterized by its pleasing atmosphere and live music. The Vasquez Palace, also known as "The Macul Castle", a beautiful palace where does the municipality, located in the center of the commune, it is also an interesting tourist attraction to know.
According to the 2002 census of the National Statistics Institute, Macul spans an area of 12.9 km2 (5 sq mi) and has 112,535 inhabitants (53,667 men and 58,868 women), making the commune an entirely urban area. The population fell by 6.8% (8173 persons) between the 1992 and 2002 censuses.
- Average annual household income: US$19,004 (PPP, 2006)[not in citation given]
- Population below poverty line: 13.4% (2006)[dead link]
- Regional quality of life index: 80.30, high, 12 out of 52 (2005)
- Human Development Index: 0.806, 10 out of 341 (2003)
- (Spanish) "Municipality of Macul". Retrieved 27 January 2011.
- (Spanish) "Asociación Chilena de Municipalidades". Retrieved 27 January 2011.
- (Spanish) "National Statistics Institute". Retrieved 13 December 2010.
- "Chile Time". WorldTimeZones.org. Retrieved 2010-07-29.
- "Chile Summer Time". WorldTimeZones.org. Retrieved 2010-07-29.
- (Spanish) "System of Regional Information". Ministry of Planning of Chile. Retrieved 13 September 2010.
- (Spanish) "Poverty in the Santiago Metropolitan Region" (PDF). Ministry of Planning of Chile.
- (Spanish) "The Trajectories of Human Development in the Communes of Chile (1994-2003)" (PDF). Government of Chile, Mideplán. UNDP. Retrieved 13 September 2010.
- (Spanish) Municipality of Macul