|Madame Wei Tao-ming
鄭毓秀 / 蘇梅
Who's Who in China 4th ed. (1931)
|Native name||Chinese: 郑毓秀
pinyin: Zhèng Yùxiù
March 20, 1891|
Xin'an County, Guangdong, China (Great Qing)
|Died||December 16, 1959
San Francisco, California, United States
|Other names||Soumay Tcheng
Madame Wei Tao-ming (married name)
|Occupation||Lawyer, judge, revolutionist, politician, writer|
|Chinese Nationalist Party|
Tcheng Yu-hsiu (pinyin: Zhèng Yùxiù, 1891-1959), also Madame Wei Tao-ming, was the first female lawyer and judge in Chinese history.
She earned her doctoral degree in law at the Sorbonne in France and was the first Asian female to do so. She went on to practice law at the French extraterritorial courts in Shanghai. Tcheng was also one of the revolutionaries involved in the attempted assassination of military official and politician Yuan Shih-k'ai, commonly reviled in Chinese history for taking advantage of both the Ch'ing imperial court and the Republicans.
She advocated women having their own voices and choices in marriage, and wrote it into the Republic of China's law. She is cited as one of the influences which guided Phan Bội Châu's development of women's rights in Vietnam.
Although Tcheng did not have children, she mentored her nephew as her own son. Paifong Robert Cheng attended the Sorbonne and majored in political science as he continued the family tradition of community service for the common good of China. He held the diplomatic post of the Chinese Ambassador to Cuba from 1946-50. Cheng's son Ching ho Cheng is an American artist who's paintings are in several museum collections such as the Whitney Museum of American Art, Cleveland Museum of Art, and the Smithsonian. He is considered to be the first Chinese American artist to be identified in America.
Her autobiography, My Revolutionary Years (1944), published while her husband Wei Tao-ming was Ambassador to the United States, is revered as one of the best first hand accounts of modern Chinese history and has been translated into many languages.
- Wei, Yü-hsiu (Chêng) (1920). Souvenirs d'enfance et de révolution. Translated by Van Vorst, John (B. Van Vorst). Paris, Payot & cie.(French)
- Wei, Yu-hsiu [Cheng] (1943). My Revolutionary Years: The Autobiography of Madame Wei Tao-ming. New York: Scribner's sons.
- Yü-hsiu CHÊNG (1925). Le Mouvement constitutionnel en Chine. Étude de droit comparé, etc.(French)
- Wei, Yü-hsiu (Cheng) (1927). Zhongguo bi jiao xian fa lun. (Chinese)
- Wei, Yu-hsiu [Cheng] (1926). A girl from China (Soumay Tcheng). Translated by Van Vorst, Bessie (McGinnis). New York: Frederick A. Stokes company.
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