Madan Bhandari

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Madan Kumar Bhandari
Spouse(s) Bidhya Bhandari
Communism in Nepal
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Madan Kumar Bhandari (Nepali: मदन कुमार भण्डारी) (June 27, 1952[1] – 1993) was a Nepali politician and communist leader. He is one of the historical personalities in Nepal history who fought for democracy.

Bhandari was born in Dhungesangu Village in the district of Taplejung, Nepal. He studied in Medibung School in Taplejung and in Varanasi, India. Inn 1972 he was named central committee member of the Janabadi Sanskritik Morcha (Democratic Cultural Front), a student movement launched by Pushpa Lal Shrestha. Around 1976 he left Pushpa Lal's Communist Party of Nepal to launch the Mukti Morcha Samuha ("Liberation Front Group"), which formed an alliance with the survivors of the Jhapa Movement in 1978. He was a founder member of the Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist) preceding the 1980 referendum and was elected general secretary at its fourth national in 1986.

When CPN(ML) merged into the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist) in 1991, Bhandari became the general secretary. Bhandari was the engineer behind the programme of CPN(UML) "People's Multiparty Democracy"), which led his party as the strongest communist party of Nepal for several years even after his death.

In 1993 Bhandari died, supposedly in a car accident without any eyewitness. Many believe he was murdered. Among the three passengers inside the car, only the driver Amar Lama survived; the two leaders Madan Bhandari and Jeev Raj Ashrit died. The government formed a probe committee but officially the car accident was reported as an accident without any sign of conspiracy. Possible conspiracy again came into concern after the only survivor of that crash, driver Amar Lama, was murdered after about 10 years in Kirtipur.


  1. ^ K.C., Surendra. Aitihasik dastavej sangroh - bhag 2. Kathmandu: Pairavi Prakashan, 2063 B.S.. p 464.
Party political offices
Preceded by
Jhala Nath Khanal
General Secretary of the Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist)
1986 – 1991
Succeeded by
(as General Secretary of the CPN (UML))
Preceded by
General Secretary of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)
1991 – 1993
Succeeded by
Madhav Kumar Nepal