( মদনমোহন জীউ মন্দির )
The temple in its early days, standing tall in Samta.
|Other names:||Gopaler Mondir
|Proper name:||Madanmohan-jiu Temple|
|Devanagari:||मदनमोहन जीऊ मंदिर|
|Sanskrit transliteration:||Madanamōhana jī'ū Mandira|
|Tamil:||மதன் மோகன் ஜியு கோவில்|
|Bengali:||মদনমোহন জীউ মন্দির|
|Architecture and culture|
|Primary deity:||Radha Krishna|
|Important festivals:||Janmastami and Holi|
|Architectural styles:||A large, beautiful, terracotta ornamented, dilapidated temple of Radha and Madangopal-jiu. This temple is one of the largest ‘atchala’ (roof with 8 slopes) temple in Bengal.|
|Number of temples:||1|
|Number of monuments:||1|
Madanmohan-jiu Temple (Bengali: মদনমোহন জীউ মন্দির ) is a temple in Mellock, near Samta in the Indian state of West Bengal and is locally known as Gopaler Mondir (Bengali: গোপালের মন্দির ), which literally means the temple of Gopala.
The temple is a large, beautiful, terracotta ornamented, dilapidated temple of Radha & Madangopal-jiu and was built in 1651 AD by a wrestler, Mukundaprasad Roychoudhury, who was a family member of the Roy Zamindars, who then ruled the village of Samta. It was earlier situated on the banks of the Rupnarayan River but now the river has changed its course. This is one of the largest atchala (roof with 8 slopes) temple in Bengal. Presently, the condition of the temple is derelict, however, the reconstruction has been started at present.
'Madanmohan' which also means Lord is another name of Lord Krishna and 'Jiu' is the Bengali alternative of the Hindi word 'Ji', which is used to show respect towards someone. So, the total sum up to mean - "The Temple of The Respected Lord".
The village of Mellock has a history that dates back centuries. Both the village and the temple are situated on the banks of river Rupnarayan. The temple is in a derelict condition and is under reconstruction and renovation at present ..
It was built in 1651 AD by wrestler, Mukundaprasad Roychoudhury. He was very strong and muscular. Then, the road to the temple was connected to the barrage by a small wooden bridge. Mukundaprasad would carry two heavy stone dumbbells in his arms to the temple, crossing the wooden bridge. Neither, did he use to get tired, nor, the wooden bridge use to break. One of the stones is still kept in the campus of the temple.
Architecture and culture
|An article related to|
A temple was built at the site in 1651 AD by Mukundaprasad Roychowdhury, a family mamber of the "Roy Zamnidars" of Samta, however the present structure is derelict. Also known as Gopaler Mondir, the temple is a large, beautiful, terracotta ornamented, dilapidated temple of Radha & Madangopal Jiu (Radha & Krishna). This temple is one of the largest aat-chala (roof with 8 slopes) temple in Bengal. Main entrance with three arches is on the south face. Two additional entrances, one each on the west and east faces.
The temple is approximately 40 feet high and is equivalent to a present day 3 storied building. Earlier the river used to flow alongside the temple. Later it changed its course. But, recently the river started eroding the shores, threatening the temple and villages.
The temple has number of sculptures and designs that depict the influence the ideologies and culture of various generations of the Zamindars such as the various generations of the Roys' Zamindars.
The deity worshipped in the temple is Radha and Madangopal Jiu and the idols are made of shiny black stone. The idol is approximately 1 and a 1/2 feet tall.
Holi and Dol Yatra celebrations
Local Holi and Dol Yatra is held every year on a Purnima (full-moon day). However, here it is celebrateed a day after the full moon day. On the day of Holi the idol is carried to a nearby house named "Sarojini Kuthir"well known as"Late Rashbihari Mukherjee's house" by an ancient wooden palanquin. Special rituals are performed and at evening it is brought back to the temple in a traditional way, in which the road is surrounded by burning bonfires and the people have to make their way and carry their Lord through the road. Accidents do happen in this kind of festival but no loss of life has been recorded so far.
On the day of Janmashtami also special pujas are held.
The ornamented temple at Samta.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Madanmohan-jiu Temple.|