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The Madariyya are members of a Sufi order (tariqa) popular in North India, especially in Uttar Pradesh, the Mewat region, Bihar and Bengal, as well as in Nepal and Bangladesh. Known for its syncretic aspects, lack of emphasis on external religious practice and focus on internal dhikr, it was initiated by the Sufi saint 'Sayed Badiuddin Zinda Shah Madar' (d. 1434 CE), called "Qutb-ul-Madar", and is centered on his shrine (dargah) at Makanpur, Kanpur district, Uttar Pradesh.

Originating from the Tayfuriya order, as his Pir, spiritual teacher was Bayazid Tayfur al-Bistami, Madariya reached its zenith in the late Mughal period between 15th to 17th century, and gave rise to new orders as Madar's disciples spread through the northern plains of India, into Bengal. As with most Sufi orders, its name Madariya has been created by adding a Nisba to the name of its founder Madar, leading to Madariya, sometimes spelled as Madariyya, though it is also referred as Tabaqatiya.[1][2][3][4][5]


The Dargah, or the tomb of Badiuddin Zinda Shah Madar, is located at Makanpur, near Kanpur city, in Uttar Pradesh state, India. It is visited by thousands of visitors every month and especially during the annual Urs celebrations.[6]



Sayyid Badiuddin Ahmad Zinda Shah Madar was a Sayyid ( direct descendent of Prophet Muhammad )from his both parents . His genealogy is as Follows :

From His Father[edit]

  1. Hazrat Muhammad
  2. Imam Ali al Murtaza
  3. Imam Husayn al Sibt
  4. Imam Zayn ul Abidin
  5. Imam Muhammad Baqir
  6. Imam Jafar Sadiq
  7. Imam Ismail al Mubarik
  8. Imam Muhammad al Shakir
  9. Imam Ahmad al Wafi
  10. Sayyid Ali al Halbi
  11. Sayyid Badiuddin Ahmad

From His Mother[edit]

  1. Muhammad
  2. Imam Ali al Murtaza
  3. Imam Hasan al Mujtaba
  4. Hasan al Muthanna
  5. Abdullah al Mahd
  6. Suleyman
  7. Muhammad al Salih
  8. Abu Muhammad al Abid
  9. Muhammad al Zahid
  10. Abdullah al Thani
  11. Fatima Thani
  12. Badiuddin Ahmad

Golden Chain[edit]

His spiritual lineage has been mentioned in the book Mirat i-Madari, written in 1654 by AbdurRahman Chisti as follows :

  1. Muhammad
  2. Imam Ali
  3. Abdul Aziz al Makki
  4. Yameenuddin Shami
  5. Bayazid Bistami
  6. Syed Badiuddin Shah Madar
  7. Jahaniyan Jahangast
  8. Sayyid Ajmal Pirachi
  9. Sayyid Pidhan Pirachi
  10. Muhammad bin Qasim Oudhi
  11. Abdul Quddus Gangohi
  12. Ruknuddin Gangohi
  13. Abdul Wahid Faruqi
  14. Ahmad Sirhindi[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Masud The descendants of Zinda Shah Madar are called Shah or Sai muslims who are also regarded as Syed family., Muhammad Khalid (2000). Travellers in faith: studies of the Tablīghī Jamāʻat as a transnational Islamic movement for faith renewal- Volume 69. BRILL. p. xxxii. ISBN 90-04-11622-2. 
  2. ^ Liebeskind, Claudia (1998). Piety on its knees: three Sufi traditions in South Asia in modern times. Oxford University Press. p. 49. ISBN 0-19-564309-7. 
  3. ^ Ghazzālī; George F. McLean (2001). Deliverance from error and mystical union with the Almighty- Volume 2 of Cultural heritage and contemporary change. CRVP. p. 60. ISBN 1-56518-081-X. 
  4. ^ Bakshi, S.R. (2003). Advanced history of medieval India. Anmol Publications PVT. LTD. p. 348. ISBN 81-7488-028-3. 
  5. ^ Harris, Ian (1992). Contemporary religions: a world guide- Longman current affairs. Longman. p. 216. ISBN 0-582-08695-7. 
  6. ^ Kanpur Dargahs in India.
  7. ^ Suvorova, Anna (2004). Muslim saints of South Asia: the eleventh to fifteenth centuries- Volume 14 of RoutledgeCurzon Sūfī series. Routledge. p. 171. ISBN 0-415-31764-9. 

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