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Classification and external resources
ICD-10 H02.6

Madarosis is the absence or loss of the eyelashes (and sometimes the eyebrows), either as a congenital condition or as a result of an infection.E.g. Leprosy,alopecia totalis etc.

Madarosis is the absence of eyelashes and in severe cases eyebrows. It can be caused by infection or malignant neoplasms.


Local causes:

  1. chronic disease of the frontal eyelid lips
  2. infiltrating tumors
  3. burns
  4. radiotherapy of cryotherapy of local tumors

Skin conditions:

  1. Generalised alopecia
  2. Psoriasis

Systemic Causes

  1. Myxoedema ( hypothyroidism )
  2. Systemic lupus erythematosus
  3. Syphilis
  4. Leprosy


  1. Iatrogenic (e.g. after excision)
  2. Trichotillomania
  3. Trachoma


Additional References[edit]

  • Jack J. Kanski, Clinical Ophthalmology, fourth edition