Madawaska County, New Brunswick

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Madawaska
County
Location of Madawaska County.
Location of Madawaska County.
Country  Canada
Province  New Brunswick
Established 1873
Area[1]
 • Land 3,463.05 km2 (1,337.09 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 33,422
 • Density 9.7/km2 (25/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Decrease 1.9%
 • Dwellings 15,514
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) ADT (UTC-3)
Area code(s) 506
Map of municipal government units in Madawaska County.

Madawaska County (2011 population 33,422), also known as the "New Brunswick Panhandle",[by whom?][citation needed] is located in northwestern New Brunswick, Canada. Over 90% of the county's population speaks French. Its Francophone population are known as "Brayons." Forestry is the major industry in the county.

History[edit]

The first inhabitants of what is now called Madawaska County were the Maliseet or Wolastoqiyik, who occupied and used the land along the St. John River Valley north to the St. Lawrence River and south to the Penobscot River. There is debate concerning the true origin of the word "Madawaska". The earliest European settlers were from Quebec. The area was the focus of the bloodless Aroostook War, a border dispute led by businessman and political activist John Baker.

The earliest settlers of the Upper St. John River Valley can be clearly verified with http://www.upperstjohn.com/visits/Saint-Vallier1686.htm and http://www.upperstjohn.com/1820/madawaska.htm

The second link displays census results taken in 1820 of the Madawaska region where most families had originated from Quebec.

Census subdivisions[edit]

Communities[edit]

There are ten incorporated municipalities within Madawaska County (listed by 2011 population):[2]

Official Name Designation Area km2 Pop 2011 Parish
Edmundston City 107.00 16,032 Madawaska
Saint-Léonard Town 5.20 1,343 Saint-Léonard
Sainte-Anne-de-Madawaska Village 9.21 1,002 Sainte-Anne
Clair Village 10.39 857 Clair
Saint-André Rural community 8.12 819 Saint-André Parish
Rivière-Verte Village 7.00 744 Rivière-Verte
Lac-Baker Village 37.12 719 Lac-Baker
Baker Brook Village 12.29 585 Baker Brook
Saint-François-de-Madawaska Village 6.34 533 Saint-François
Saint-Hilaire Village 5.67 303 Saint-Hilaire

First Nations[edit]

There is one First Nations reserve in Madawaska County (listed by 2011 population):[2]

Official Name Designation Area km2 Pop 2011 Parish
St. Basile 10 Reserve 3.21 205 Saint-Basile

Parishes[edit]

The county is subdivided into fourteen parishes (listed by 2011 population):[2]

Official Name Area km2 Pop 2011 Incorporated municipalities Unincorporated communities
Saint-Joseph 322.89 2,171 Deuxième-Sault / Francoeur / Lévesque / Rang-des-Bossé / Rang-des-Couturier /
Saint-Joseph-de-Madawaska / Sicard / Toussaint / Violette
Saint-Jacques 299.80 1,599 Ennemond / Grandmaison / Moulin-Morneault / Patrieville /
Petite-Rivière-à-la-Truite / Saint-Jacques / St. Joseph Settlement
Saint-André 128.08 1,134 Saint-André (rural community) Comeau Ridge / Gaudreau Park / Lévesque Settlement / McManus Siding /
Powers Creek / Saint-Amand / Woodville
Saint-Léonard 343.97 1,052 Saint-Léonard (town) Bellefleur / Coombes Road / Cyr Junction / Grand-Ruisseau /
Martin Siding / Poitras / Rang-des-Bourgoin / Saint-Léonard-Parent
Sainte-Anne 369.30 949 Sainte-Anne-de-Madawaska (village) Fourche-à-Clark / Miller Line Cache / Prime / Rang-des-Deschêne /
Ringuette Settlement / Siegas / Siegas Lake Settlement / Sirois
Saint-Basile 129.74 717 St. Basile 10 (native reserve) Boniface Bridge / Green River Settlement / Jalbert / Maillet /
Montagne-des-Therrien / Rang-des-Lavoie /
Rivière-Verte 715.60 686 Rivière-Verte (village) Beardsley Depot / Davis Mill / Montagne-de-la-Croix / Montagne-des-Roy /
Rang-des-Hubert
Saint-François 344.70 630 Saint-François-de-Madawaska (village) Concession-des-Jaunes / Concession-des-Viel / Connors / Lac-Unique /
Little River Mills / Mouth of St. Francis / Pelletiers Mill / Val Oakes
Saint-Hilaire 41.55 490 Saint-Hilaire (village) Riceville
Clair 44.18 297 Clair (village) Caron Brook / Concession-des-Lang / Concession-des-Vasseur / Crockett /
Les Rapides
Baker Brook 125.48 287 Baker Brook (village) Concession-de-Baker-Brook / Concession-des-Ouellette / Rang-des-Morneault /
Rang-Saint-Joseph / Val-Lambert / Val-Nadeau
Notre-Dame-de-Lourdes 188.63 263 Durette Settlement / Flemming / Harrison Brook Settlement / La Montagne /
Lower Siegas / Notre-Dame-de-Lourdes
Lac-Baker 24.29 5 Lac-Baker (village) Boundary / Portage-du-Lac / Rang-des-Collin / Saint-Castin / Pelletiers Mill /
Soucy
Madawaska 173.32 0 Edmundston (city)

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Historical Census Data - Madawaska County, New Brunswick[5]
Year Pop.   ±%  
1991 36,554 —    
1996 36,814 +0.7%
Year Pop.   ±%  
2001 35,611 −3.3%
2006 34,071 −4.3%
Year Pop.   ±%  
2011 33,422 −1.9%

Language[edit]

Canada Census Mother Tongue - Madawaska County, New Brunswick[5]
Census Total
French
English
French & English
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2011
32,510
30,500 Decrease 2.2% 93.82% 1,530 Decrease 8.1% 4.71% 300 Increase 13.2% 0.92% 180 Decrease 54.4% 0.55%
2006
33,510
31,185 Decrease 4.7% 93.06% 1,665 Increase 6.1% 4.97% 265 Decrease 26.4% 0.79% 395 Increase 119.4% 1.18%
2001
34,845
32,735 Decrease 3.8% 93.94% 1,570 Decrease 14.2% 4.51% 360 Increase 14.3% 1.03% 180 Increase 44.0% 0.52%
1996
36,300
34,030 n/a 93.75% 1,830 n/a 5.04% 315 n/a 0.87% 125 n/a 0.34%

Access Routes[edit]

Highways and numbered routes that run through the county, including external routes that start or finish at the county limits:[6]

Protected areas and attractions[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Madawaska County, New Brunswick
  2. ^ a b c New Brunswick Provincial Archives - Madawaska County
  3. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2014-03-26. 
  4. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2014-03-26. 
  5. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  6. ^ Atlantic Canada Back Road Atlas ISBN 978-1-55368-618-7

External links[edit]



Coordinates: 47°25′17.1″N 68°21′38.2″W / 47.421417°N 68.360611°W / 47.421417; -68.360611