Madawaska River (Ontario)
Upper Madawaska River at Whitney
|Name origin: From name of Algonquian band "Matouweskarini" meaning "people of the shallows"|
|Regions||Eastern Ontario, Central Ontario, Northeastern Ontario|
|Districts||Renfrew County, Nipissing District|
|Part of||Saint Lawrence River drainage basin|
|- left||Opeongo River|
|- right||York River|
|- location||Canisbay Township, Unorganized South Part, Nipissing District|
|- elevation||450 m (1,476 ft)|
|- location||Arnprior, Renfrew County|
|- elevation||70 m (230 ft)|
|Length||230 km (143 mi)|
|Basin||8,470 km2 (3,270 sq mi)|
|- average||85 m3/s (3,002 cu ft/s)|
The Madawaska River is a river in the Saint Lawrence River drainage basin in Ontario, Canada. The river is 230 km (143 mi) long and drains an area of 8,470 km2 (3,270 sq mi). Its name comes from an Algonquian band of the region known as "Matouweskarini", meaning "people of the shallows".
For a map showing the river course, see this reference.
The Madawaska River originates at Source Lake in geographic Canisbay Township in the Unorganized South Part of Nipissing District, in the highlands of southern Algonquin Park. It flows east, dropping 380 m (1,247 ft) before emptying into the Ottawa River at Arnprior.
In the late 19th century, the river was used to transport lumber from the forested areas surrounding the river. Beginning in the 1960s, the river was used to generate hydroelectric power. Undammed sections of the river are also used for canoeing, kayaking and recreational fishing.
Lakes and reservoirs
The lower portion of the Madawaska River supports several large lakes, including:
Two sections of the river are designated and protected as provincial waterway parks:
- Upper Madawaska River Provincial Park, between Whitney and Madawaska; 10.85 km2 (4.19 sq mi).
- Lower Madawaska River Provincial Park, between Latchford Bridge and Griffith; 12 km2 (5 sq mi).
- "Madawaska River". Geographical Names Data Base. Natural Resources Canada. http://www4.rncan.gc.ca/search-place-names/unique.php?id=FCCWQ&output=xml. Retrieved 2012-03-10.
- "Madawaska River". Atlas of Canada. Natural Resources Canada. 2010-02-04. Retrieved 2012-03-12. Shows the course of the river highlighted on a map.
- "Rivers Flowing into the Atlantic Ocean". Atlas of Canada. Natural Resources Canada. Retrieved 2010-10-08.
- "Upper Madawaska River". Ontario Parks. 2002-11-12. Retrieved 2012-03-10.
- "Lower Madawaska River". Ontario Parks. 2004-01-05. Retrieved 2012-03-10.
Other map sources:
- McMurtrie, Jeffrey (2008). "Algonquin Provincial Park and the Haliburton Highlands". Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved 2012-03-10.
- Ministry of Transportation of Ontario (2010-01-01) (PDF). Map 9 (Map). 1 : 700,000. Official road map of Ontario. http://www.mto.gov.on.ca/english/traveller/map/images/pdf/southont/sheets/Map9.pdf. Retrieved 2012-03-10.
- Ministry of Transportation of Ontario (2010-01-01) (PDF). Map 10 (Map). 1 : 700,000. Official road map of Ontario. http://www.mto.gov.on.ca/english/traveller/map/images/pdf/southont/sheets/Map10.pdf. Retrieved 2012-03-10.
- Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing (2006). Restructured municipalities - Ontario map #5 (Map). Restructuring Maps of Ontario. http://www.mah.gov.on.ca/Asset1607.aspx. Retrieved 2012-03-10.