Made in China
Made in China (simplified Chinese: 中国制造; traditional Chinese: 中國製造; pinyin: zhōngguó zhìzào, rarely Made in P.R.C.) is a country of origin label affixed to products manufactured in China (excluding Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan).
Made in China is actually used for the products from Mainland China, governed by the People's Republic of China (PRC). Although the name China is used by both the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China (ROC), the label "Made in China" is generally affixed to products made in the former. Products made in the ROC do not use the "Made in China" label. Rather, they usually use "Made in Taiwan", "Made in ROC" or "Made in Taiwan, ROC"
A series of highly publicized scandals involving faulty products exported from China in recent years has harmed the "Made in China" brand abroad, as 40% of product recalls in the United States were of imports from China. In response to these concerns, Chinese officials have pledged to increase safety inspections for manufactured products and encouraged the proliferation of watchdog journalism to hold "rogue producers" accountable. Nevertheless, new scandals continue to surface. Despite the recent scandals, most consumers do not "consistently check for the country of origin label", and there is little brand awareness for Chinese products in particular. The "Made in China" brand was historically challenged by the US-led Cold War media campaigns that reported negatively on the brand and publicized hearings on the security of Chinese products in the United States Congress. Conversely, some advertising companies and the American Chamber of Commerce in Shanghai have since the late 1990s endeavored to shed the Made in China brand of its "cheap and junky" image, as the Made in Japan brand had done.
There is criticism in the United States that Chinese manufacturing firms compete unfairly due to the advantages of state support, copyright infringements, and governmental manipulation of the yuan, which propagates the "Made in China" brand at the cost of lost American jobs.
The Made in China label is one of the most recognizable labels in the world today due to China's rapidly developing large manufacturing industry, China is currently the largest exporter in the world and the Made in China label can be seen on a wide range of goods from clothing to electronics. U.S. law requires the country of origin of a product to be clearly displayed on the product, or on the product's container if it is enclosed, resulting in many corporations such as Apple labeling their products with "Designed by Apple in California Assembled in China".
On more than one occasion, Chinese-made products have caused global concerns about their quality and safety and resulted in large scale product recalls. In the 2007 Chinese export recalls, for example, product safety institutions in the United States, Canada, the European Union, Australia and New Zealand issued recalls and import bans on a wide range of Chinese-made consumer goods, such as pet food, toys, toothpaste, lipstick etc. During the 2008 Chinese export recalls, heparin was announced by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) due to contamination of the raw heparin stock imported from China.  During the 2008 Chinese milk scandal, an estimated 300,000 victims, along with six infants dying from kidney stones and other kidney damage, and a further 860 babies were hospitalised because some Chinese-made milk and infant formula were adulterated with melamine.
The memoir A Year Without "Made in China": One Family's True Life Adventure in the Global Economy by Sara Bongiorni tells the story of a family's quest to go an entire year without buying anything made in China.
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- New York Times: How the U.S. Lost Out on iPhone Work
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- CBS News, Blood-thinning drug under suspicion
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- Made in China OECD Observer, November 2006.