Chapacuran languages

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Linguistic classification: Wamo–Chapakúra
  • Chapacuran
  • Madeira
  • Guapore
Glottolog: chap1271[1]

The Chapacuran languages are a nearly extinct Native American language family of South America. There are three living Chapacuran languages, which are spoken in the southeastern Amazon Basin of Brazil and Bolivia. They may be further related to the extinct Wamo language.


All languages are extremely close. Rocorona appears closest to Torá and Moré (Itene), but those do not cluster together in the classification above.

Extinct languages for which Loukotka says 'nothing' is known, but which may have been Chapacuran, include Cujuna, Mataua, Urunumaca, and Herisobocono. Similarities with Mure appear to be loans.[1]


  1. ^ a b Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Chapacuran". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.