Madera is one of the 67 municipalities of Chihuahua, in the Sierra Nevada mountains of northern Mexico. The municipal seat lies at Madera. The municipality covers an area of 8,158.8 km².
As of 2005, the municipality had a total population of 32,031.
The economy is primarily based on logging, madera meaning wood in Spanish. There is also some agriculture and cattle ranches in the municipality.
The municipality is also known for its caves and parks and within a 50 km radius of the town there are many caves featuring pre-Columbian artworks.
Towns and villages 
The municipality has 226 localities. The largest are: