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The pyramid of Madghacen

Madghacen or Medracen or Medghassen or Madghis also spelled Imadghassen, correct berber spelling imedghasen is a royal mausoleum-temple of the Berber Numidian Kings which stands near Batna city in Aurasius Mons in Numidia - Algeria.[1]


Madghis was a king [2][3] of independent kingdoms of the Numidia, between 300 to 200 BC Near the time of neighbor King Masinissa and their earliest Roman contacts. Ibn Khaldun and Yassine Bouharrou said: Madghis is an ancestor of the Berbers of the branch Botr Zenata, Banu Ifran, Maghrawa (Aimgharen), Merinid, Zianid, Wattasid dynasty etc.,[4][5]


As ICOMOS noted in their 2006/2007 Heritage at Risk report, the mausoleum has become "the victim of major “repair work” without respect for the value of th[e] monument and its authenticity."[6] See detailed pictures at the ICOMOS link below.


  1. ^ Ibn Khaldun and yassine bouharrou , History of the Berbers
  2. ^ Gautier, É. F. (1937) Le passé de l'Afrique du Nord: les siècles obscurs. Paris: Payot. "En grande partie une réédition mise à jour [de] L'islamisation de l'Afrique du Nord: les siècles obscurs du Maghreb, paru en 1927"
  3. ^ "Le passщ de l'Afrique du Nord: les siшcles obscurs - ╔mile Fщlix Gautier - Google Livres". 2006-10-26. Retrieved 2012-12-25. 
  4. ^ Ibn Khaldoun, History of the Berbers
  5. ^ Gautier, É. F. (1937)
  6. ^ ALGERIA Mausoleum of Medracen in Danger

Further reading[edit]

  • Gabriel Camps, « Nouvelles observations sur l'architecture et l'âge du Medracen, mausolée royal de Numidie », CRAI, 1973, 117-3, p. 470-517 [1].
  • Yvon Thébert & Filippo Coarelli, « Architecture funéraire et pouvoir : réflexions sur l'hellénisme numide », MEFRA, Année 1988 [2]
  • Serge Lancel, L'Algérie antique, édition Mengès, Paris 2003.

Coordinates: 35°42′26″N 6°26′04″E / 35.707275°N 6.434523°E / 35.707275; 6.434523