Madhu Koda

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Madhu Koda
MADHU KODA.jpg
Member of the Indian Parliament
for Singhbhum
In office
16 May 2009 – 2014
Preceded by Bagun Sumbrai
Succeeded by Laxman Giluwa
4th Chief Minister of Jharkhand
In office
14 September 2006 – 23 August 2008
Preceded by Arjun Munda
Succeeded by Shibu Soren
Personal details
Born January 1971 (age 44)
Village Gua, West Singhbhum, Jharkhand
Political party Independent
Spouse(s) Geeta Koda
Children 1 Daughter
Religion SARNA (Ho)

Madhu Koda, also written as Madhu Korah, (born 6 January 1971) is an Indian politician who was Chief Minister of Jharkhand from 2006 to 2008. He was sworn in as the fourth Chief Minister of Jharkhand on 14 September 2006, and remained in office until he resigned on 23 August 2008. Koda is the third independent legislator to assume the office of chief minister of an Indian state, including Biswanath Das in Orissa in 1971 and S. F. Khonglam in Meghalaya in 2002.

Koda was arrested by state police's vigilance wing on 30 Nov 2009 in connection Madhu Koda mining scam.[1] On 31 July 2013, he was released on bail from Birsa Munda prison in Ranchi.[2] His wife Geeta Koda, MLA from Jaganathpur in West Singhbhum district is among the six MLAs representing smaller regional parties supporting the Congress- Jharkhand Mukti Morcha coalition government led by Hemant Soren formed on 13 July 2013.[3]

A Special money-laundering court in Delhi has attached Koda's properties worth ₹ 144 crores in a disproportionate assets case against his alleged assosiates. It found that the properties were involved in the offence of laundering under the provisions of The Prevention Of Money Laundering Act (PMLA) in a case probed by Enforcement Directorate (ED). Some of the attached assets also belonged to Anil Adinath Bastawde, who was arrested by the ED in Jan 2013 from Jakarta and Manoj B Punamiya, an associate of Koda and an accused in the case. ED sources had said the amount of scam, which had allegedly taken place during Koda's regime between 2006 and 2008 had gone up to ₹ 3400 crores in the course of investigation and the amount excluded Bastawde's assets, who was an absconder for long time.[4]

Personal life[edit]

Madhu Koda was born in Vill. Gua, Distt. West Singhbhum in Jharkhand. His father is Rasika Koda, a tribal farmer, who lives in Vill. Pathhatu in Distt. Singhbhum. He is a graduate from IGNOU centre, Bhubneshwar. His father wanted Madhu to have a "normal life" and remain a farmer or iron worker, but after experiencing corruption in the iron industry, he eventually began a career in politics.[5][6]

Koda is married to Geeta, who is an MLA from his previous constituency Jaganathpur from the Jai Bharat Samanta Party.[7] They have one daughter.

Political career[edit]

Madhu Koda began his political career as an activist with the All Jharkhand Students Union. He won in the 2000 Bihar Assembly elections from Jaganathpur as a Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) candidate.[8] On 15 Nov 2000 the state of Jharkhand was carved out from the southern part of Bihar. Koda's constituency Jaganathpur was included in Jharkhand and he became a member of the Jharkhand Legislative Assembly. Babulal Marandi of BJP became the first CM of Jharkhand on 15 Nov 2000. In this government, Madhu became the Minister of State, Rural Engineering Organisation (Ind. Charge).[5] But there was revolt against Marandi by rebels and he finally resigned.[9][10] Arjun Munda took over and became the CM on 18 Mar 2003[11] and in this government Koda became the minister of Panchayati Raj of Special Arrangement. During the 2005 Assembly Elections in Jharkhand, the BJP denied Koda a ticket. He contested as an Independent candidate and won from Jaganathpur once again, defeating his nearest rival from the Indian National Congress by over ten thousand votes. Koda extended his support to the BJP-led NDA.[12] On 2 March 2005, after much political bargaining and quid pro quo Shibu Soren of Congress-JMM alliance was invited to form the government in Jharkhand by the Governor of Jharkhand, Syed Sibtey Razi.[13] He resigned as Chief Minister nine days later, on 11 March, following his failure to obtain a vote of confidence in the assembly.[14] Then Arjun Munda of BJP-led NDA became the CM, whom Koda supported and he was appointed as the Minister of Mining Geology and Cooperative[15] In September 2006, Madhu and three other independent legislators withdrew support to the Munda government, bringing it into the minority and led to resignation of Munda [16][17] The United Progressive Alliance decided on him as consensus candidate to become Chief Minister and Koda became the next CM of Jharkhand on 14 Sept, 2006.[18] His government included the representatives of the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha, Rashtriya Janata Dal, Jaua Manjhi group, Nationalist Congress Party, All India Forward Bloc, three independent MLAs (besides himself), and the outside support of the Indian National Congress. On 12 Aug 2008 Shibu Soren again staked claim for the post of CM and wanted Koda to resign.[19] On 17, Aug, 2008 JMM withdrew support from the Koda government,[20] and Koda resigned on 23 Aug 2008 from the post of CM of Jharkhand.[21] Koda became the UPA in charge of Jharkhand state. Shibu Soren again became the CM of Jharkhand on 27 Aug 2008.[22] But Soren suffered a humiliating defeat in the assembly bypoll on 8 Jan 2009 from Tamar constituency and failed to enter the Jharkhand assembly. He was defeated by Gopal Krishna Patar of Jharkhand Party, now a MLA from JD(U) - a constituent of UPA - by a margin of 9,062 votes.[23] Soren subsequently resigned on 12 Jan 2009[24] and after this President's rule was imposed in Jharkhand on 19 Jan 2009 and till 29 Dec 2009. Koda then won the MP seat from Singhbhum parliamentary constituency again as an independent candidate, the results of which were declared on 16 May 2009.[25] In the next assembly elections of Jharkhand held 25 Nov 2009, his wife Geeta Koda won from his constituency Jaganathpur from Jai Bharat Samanta Party, the results of which were declared on 23 Dec 2009.[7] In 2014 Jharkhand Assembly Election, Madhu Koda lost from the Majhgao constituency. Koda was defeated by Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM) candidate Nial Purty by over 20,000 votes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ TNN 30 Nov 2009, 12.50pm IST (2009-11-30). "Former Jharkhand CM Madhu Koda arrested". The Times of India. Retrieved 2012-09-22. 
  2. ^ http://ibnlive.in.com/news/madhu-koda-released-on-bail-after-44-months-in-jail/411045-3.html
  3. ^ "Rural electrification case: Court grants bail to Madhu Koda". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 30 July 2013. 
  4. ^ http://www.hindustantimes.com/India-news/NewDelhi/Madhu-Koda-s-assets-worth-Rs-144-crore-attached/Article1-1120684.aspx
  5. ^ a b "Detailed Profile - Shri Madhu Kora - Members of Parliament (Lok Sabha) - Who's Who - Government: National Portal of India". India.gov.in. 2004-02-10. Retrieved 2012-09-22. 
  6. ^ "He dreamt too big, says Madhu Koda's family [newkerala.com, The Netherlands, 1924]". Newkerala.com. Retrieved 2012-09-22. 
  7. ^ a b "Statistical Report on General Election, 2009 to the Legislative Assembly of Jharkhand" (PDF). Eci.nic.in. Retrieved 2012-09-26. 
  8. ^ "TitlePage_BR_LA_2000.PDF" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-09-26. 
  9. ^ PTI 3 Mar 2003, 11.45am IST (2003-03-03). "Marandi fails to convince rebels". The Times of India. Retrieved 2012-09-22. 
  10. ^ PTI 17 Mar 2003, 10.14am IST (2003-03-17). "Jharkhand Chief Minister Babulal Marandi resigns". The Times of India. Retrieved 2012-09-22. 
  11. ^ "Manoeuvres in Jharkhand". Chennai, India: Hindu.com. 2003-04-11. Retrieved 2012-09-22. 
  12. ^ "Stuck in controversy". Frontlineonnet.com. 2005-03-04. Retrieved 2012-09-22. 
  13. ^ "Shibu Soren sworn in as Jharkhand CM". Rediff. 2005-03-02. Retrieved 2012-09-22. 
  14. ^ "Shibu Soren resigns - Lok Sabha Election news 2009 - Rediff.com". In.rediff.com. 2005-03-11. Retrieved 2012-09-22. 
  15. ^ "Jharkhand political drama ends with Arjun Munda winning trust vote : STATES". India Today. 2005-03-28. Retrieved 2012-09-22. 
  16. ^ "Munda govt has gone: Koda". Outlook. 2006-09-05. Retrieved 2012-09-22. 
  17. ^ "Jharkhand: CM Arjun Munda quits - Rediff.com India News". In.rediff.com. 2006-09-14. Retrieved 2012-09-22. 
  18. ^ "Madhu Koda to be next Jharkhand CM". Rediff. 2006-09-14. Retrieved 2012-09-22. 
  19. ^ "Soren stakes claim for Jharkhand CM's post". Rediff. 2008-08-12. Retrieved 2012-09-22. 
  20. ^ Sunday, 17 Aug 2008 at 0105 hrs IST (2008-08-17). "JMM withdraws support to Madhu Koda Government". Financialexpress.com. Retrieved 2012-09-22. 
  21. ^ "Koda resigns, Soren may take over today". Hindustan Times. 2008-08-23. Retrieved 2012-09-22. 
  22. ^ "Jharkhand CM Shibu Soren wins trust vote". Rediff. 2008-08-29. Retrieved 2012-09-22. 
  23. ^ "Soren loses bypoll, tries to hang on to power". Rediff. 2009-01-08. Retrieved 2012-09-22. 
  24. ^ "Jharkhand Chief Minister Shibu Soren quits". Rediff. 2009-01-12. Retrieved 2012-09-22. 
  25. ^ "List of Successful Candidates" (PDF). Eci.nic.in. Retrieved 2012-09-26.