Madhu Purnima Kishwar is an Indian academic, and writer. She is a Senior Fellow at the Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS), based in Delhi, and the Director of the Indic Studies Project based at CSDS which aims to promote the study of "Religions and Cultures in the Indic Civilization".
Kishwar is founder editor of Manushi - a Journal about Women published since 1979. It has been described by Amartya Sen as "a pioneering feminist journal". She is also the Founder President of Manushi Sangathan,a forum for research based activist interventions which works for democratic reforms that promotes greater social justice and strengthen human rights, especially for women. In 2013, Madhu Kishwar wrote Modinama (Chronicles of Modi) in which she was critical of the media for what she called their false propaganda about Narendra Modi's role during the Gujarat violence 2002 and in its aftermath.
The social causes Kishwar has taken up was opposed by vested interests and due to this was attacked by anti-social elements several times.
Kishwar has published and edited several books. Some of the popular books include: 
- Deepening Democracy: Challenges of Governance and Globalisation in India, Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 2005
- Off the Beaten Track: Rethinking Gender Justice for Indian Women, Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 1999
- Religion at the Service of Nationalism and Other Essays, Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 1998
- Gandhi and Women, Manushi Prakashan, New Delhi, 1986. (Also published in Telugu)
- The Dilemma and Other Stories by Vijaydan Detha, (Ed) Manushi Prakashan, 1997
- In Search of Answers: Indian Women’s Voices from Manushi. (Co-edited with Ruth Vanita), Zed Books, London, 1984. Second edition, Horizon Books, New Delhi, 1990. Third edition, Manohar, New Delhi, 1996, An abridged version was also published in Japanese by Akashi Shoten, Tokyo, 1990
- Women Bhakt Poets, Lives and Poetry of Women Mystics in India from 6th to 17th Century ( Co-edited with Ruth Vanita), Manushi Prakashan, New Delhi, 1989.
- Modi, Muslims and Media: Voices from Narandra Modi's Gujarat, Manushi Publications, New Delhi, ISBN 978-81-929352-0-1
- Affidavit of Nanavati Commission http://www.carnage84.com/affidavits/nanavati/promi/madhukishwar.htm
- Burke, Jason (31 March 2011). "Shiney Ahuja, fallen Bollywood star, jailed for raping maid". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 September 2012.
- Meyta, Neha (7 March 2010). "Ashrams of Sex and Sleaze". Mail Today – via HighBeam Research (subscription required). Retrieved 8 September 2012.
- Kumara Swamy, V (4 August 2013). "I would like to sue Amartya Sen for defamation". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
- Sen, Amartya (2006). The Argumentative Indian: Writings on Indian History, Culture and Identity. Penguin. ISBN 0141012110.
- Pisharoty, Sangeetha Barooah (16 April 2010). "Voice of the Underdog". The Hindu. Retrieved 9 September 2012.
- Khethal, Havindar (13 July 2008). "Defenceless on the streets". The Tribune-India. Retrieved 8 September 2012.
- National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganized Sector (Ministry of Small Scale Industries, Government of India) http://nceuis.nic.in/madhu%20kishwar.htm
- Nair, Sangeetha (April 6, 2014). "Congress to blame for Godhra, says author Madhu Kishwar in her new book". The Times of India. Retrieved April 23, 2014.