Madhubani district

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Madhubani district
मधुबनी जिला
District of Bihar
Location of Madhubani district in Bihar
Location of Madhubani district in Bihar
Country India
State Bihar
Administrative division Darbhanga
Headquarters Madhubani, India
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Madhubani, Jhanjharpur
 • Assembly seats Harlakhi, Benipatti, Khajauli, Babubarhi, Bisfi, Madhubani, Rajnagar, Jhanjharpur, Phulparas, Laukaha
Area
 • Total 3,501 km2 (1,352 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 4,476,044
 • Density 1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 60.9 per cent
 • Sex ratio 925
Major highways NH 104, NH 105
Average annual precipitation 1273 mm
Website Official website

Madhubani District is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India, and Madhubani town is the administrative headquarters of this district. Madhubani district is a part of Darbhanga Division. The district occupies an area of 3501 km² and has a population of 3,570,651 (as of 2001). This is the centre of Mithila, a region where the main language is Maithili.

History[edit]

Madhubani became a district in 1972 when it was split from Darbhanga district.[1]

Geography[edit]

Madhubani district occupies an area of 3,501 square kilometres (1,352 sq mi),[2] comparatively equivalent to the Bahamas' North Andros Island.[3]

Rivers:Kamala, Bhutahi Balaan, Bachharaja, Balaan, Tirsulla, Jeevachh.Kosi,Dhous, Ghaghr

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Madhubani one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[4] It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[4]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Madhubani district has a population of 4,476,044,[5] roughly equal to the nation of Croatia[6] or the US state of Louisiana.[7] This gives it a ranking of 37th in India (out of a total of 640).[5] The district has a population density of 1,279 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,310 /sq mi) .[5] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 25.19%.[5] Madhubani has a sex ratio of 925 females for every 1000 males,[5] and a literacy rate of 60.9%.[5]

Sub-Divisions[edit]

Madhubani district comprises the following Sub-Divisions:

Blocks include Jainagar, Khajauli, Pandaul, Rahika, Bisfi, Benipatti, Basopatti, Babubarhi, Rajnagar, Madhepur, Khutauna, Jhanjharpur, Ghoghardiha, Ladania, Madhwapur, Harlakhi, Laukahi, Andharatharhi, Lakhnaur, Phulparas, Kaluahi, Mansapur, Karmauli, Sisbar, Sijolia, Garatol, Barhampur, Mahrail.

Culture[edit]

The "Madhubani" style of paintings derives its name from this region as the style originated there, in the early 17th century. These paintings are made using vegetable dyes, lamp black, and the canvas is usually cloth or paper. These days, several of the well-known "Madhubani" paintings are used as motifs on bags, kurtas (an Indian garment for covering the upper half of the body), and other materials produced using the hand-block painting technique. With ethnic-chic being in vogue, such products are all the rage, these days, not just with the Indians, but also in the export market.[original research?]

Bhoura Garh, Madhubani was once capital of Mithila.

Madhubani is also famous for Makhana and sweet water fish the smaller varieties are also relished much. Madhubani lokgeet are based on Hindustani Classical raags. There is not much of music being made in Maithili language, the main language of the district. The wedding songs sung by Shardha sinha continues to be played at almost all the weddings.

The people of this district are very religious and follow the rituals with faith, pomp and show.[original research?] Durgapuja, Mahashivratri, Holi, Ramnavami, Krishnashtmi, Dipawali and Chhath are festivals enjoyed by people with involvement from all. In a few village like Mouahi of Babubarhi block, idols of Lord Krishna, Nand baba and other God and goddess are made with soil and bamboo stick and a fair is organized on the eve of Krishnashtmi. Almost all Hindu villages of this district have a Shivalaya where people go for Jalbhishek every morning.

The people of this district are generally peace loving and are not risk takers; that is the reason, the migrants from this region generally are educated with very few people in the business/trading.[original research?] The stereotype of Bihar people being uncultured rough and tough etc. is actually not applicable to people of this district.[original research?]

Muslims of this district also practice their festivals of Id & Muharram with great pomp and show. Hindu of their village and surrounding also share their festivals with joy.

One more thing is Saurath Sabha in which almost every year, during suddha or auspicious days for the settling of marriages, thousands of Maithil Brahmins gather at Sabha Gaachchi in Saurath. The Panjikaras (the person maintaining "Panji" or genealogical records) play a very important role in fixing of marriage since it is obligatory for every person desirous of marriage to get a certificate called asvajajanapatra (non-relationship) from a panjikara, stating that there is no “blood relationship”, as per the prescribed rules of prohibited degrees of relationship, between the bride and groom. There is a fixed sitting place – dera – for every village in the sabha. The timing and number of days etc. are decided in a general meeting of the scholars and pandits of Mithila in accordance with the traditional astrological almanac – Panchanga.

Personality[edit]

  • Gajendra Thakur
  • Nagarjuna (Baidyanath Mishra Yatri)
  • Shri Harishchandra jha( Freedom fighter )

References[edit]

  1. ^ Law, Gwillim (2011-09-25). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 2011-10-11. 
  2. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  3. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. "North Andros Island 3,439km2" 
  4. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  6. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Croatia 4,483,804 July 2011 est." 
  7. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Louisiana 4,533,372" 
  8. ^ http://www.biharplus.in/news/press-release/birbal-jha-figures-in-world-celebrity-list/
  9. ^ http://lists.lucywho.com/people-from-madhubani-india-c18871285.html

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 26°21′00″N 86°04′48″E / 26.35000°N 86.08000°E / 26.35000; 86.08000