Madhugiri

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Madhugiri
city
Madhugiri is located in Karnataka
Madhugiri
Madhugiri
Location in Karnataka, India
Coordinates: 13°40′N 77°13′E / 13.66°N 77.21°E / 13.66; 77.21Coordinates: 13°40′N 77°13′E / 13.66°N 77.21°E / 13.66; 77.21
Country  India
State Karnataka
District Tumkur
Elevation 787 m (2,582 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 26,351
Languages
 • Official Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 572132
Vehicle registration KA-64

Madhugiri is a Taluk headquarters in Tumkur district in the Indian state of Karnataka. The town derives its name from a hillock, Madhu-giri (honey-hill) which is to the north of the place.

Madhugiri has been declared as Educational District by karnataka state educational department. It includes Madhugiri, Sira, Koratagere and Pavagada Taluks.

At 3,930 ft (1,200 m) elevation, Madhugiri is a single hill. It is the second largest monolith in Asia.[1] Nestled on its steep slopes is a fort. Antaralada Bagilu, Diddibagilu, and Mysore Gate are the three gateways of the fort. A series of doorways leads to the hill. The ruined temple of Gopalakrishna is located at the top.

Madhugiri, or also known as Maddagiri, is located around 43 km north of Tumkur town, and 107 km north-west of Bangalore city. The monolith and the surrounding greenery of Madhugiri are the main attractions. The place has old temples of Venkataramanaswami and Malleshwara built by the Vijayanagara feudatories in the Dravidian style.

The highlight is the rock dome, atop which stands a fort. There are a series of doorways leading to the top and the climb is steep and exposed in some places. On the top is the ruined Gopalakrishna temple. [1]

Attractions[edit]

  • Asia's second largest monolith is located in Madhugiri.
  • Jayamangali Blackbuck Reserve also known as Maidana Halli Blackbuck Sanctuary is 25 km from Madhugiri. It is near Kodigenahalli, one of the prominent hobli of Madhugiri. Prior permission for overnight camping inside the reserve is needed.
  • Chennarayana Durga, located 10 km from Koratagere on the way to Madhugiri via Tumkur, is one of the nine Durga forts. Inside the fort, there is a small temple and semi-ruined old structures can be explored.
  • Siddara Betta is known for its medicinal herbs. A natural spring that gushes out from the top of the hill is believed to have medicinal value.
  • Madhugiri Fort was built by the Vijaynagar dynasty. Jain Temples are also found at this place.
  • Madhugiri State Forest, also known as Timmalapura Forest is close to Madhugiri. The forest is known for its population of peafowls and sloth bears.
  • Temples dedicated to Venkataramana and Malleshvara stand side by side in the town. They face east and are built in the Dravidian style of architecture with lofty towers. Venkataramana temple is said to have been built by the chief Nagi Reddy. But the garbhagriha appears to be of Hoysala times. There is a statue near the southern door of the prakara, described as of Nagi Reddy.

Other features[edit]

  • The Mallinatha Jaina Basadi adjoining the fort wall has a good manasthamba.
  • At the Veerashaiva Gurrammana Matha there is a tomb of a guru named Shivalingaswamy. There are some fine caves near the matha.
  • The erection of the fort at Madhugiri is ascribed to a local chief named Raja Hire Gauda. The fort was greatly improved by Haidar Ali. Haidar Ali, after the conquest of Bednur, had kept the Rani of Bednur imprisoned in this fort until its capture by the Marathas in 1767 A.D.
  • Several gates such as the Antaralada Bagilu, Diddibagilu and the Mysore Gate lead one to the top of the hill which has many springs.
  • The place is known for the manufacture of handloom cloth and blankets. A superior variety of rice called chinnada-salakki (golden stick) is grown in this taluk.
  • Midugeshi, the headquarters of the hobli of the same name, is about 19 km north of the Madhugiri town. The place is said to have been so named by a local chief Nagi Reddy of Vijayanagara times, after his wife Midigeshi who was so called because her locks (kasha) were so long that it touched her feet.
  • The Midigeshi hill is said to have been fortified by Nagi Reddy and it has several gates leading to the top of the hill. On a rock beside the steps to the hill, there is the statue of the woman in relief, and it is identified as of a heroic woman called Chikkamallamma. On the hill are granaries, dome-like structures for storing ghee and oil, powder magazines and springs which are called Musare-done and Kanneramana-done. On the summit is a mosque with two minarets at the sides and ornamental parapet all round roof. Close to the mosque there is a shrine of Hanuman. The building has flights of steps on both the sides.

(Source: Karnataka State Gazetteer 1983)

Madhugiri fort

Geography[edit]

Madhugiri is located at 13°40′N 77°13′E / 13.66°N 77.21°E / 13.66; 77.21.[2] It has an average elevation of 787 metres (2582 feet).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[3] Madhugiri had a population of 26,351. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Madhugiri has an average literacy rate of 72%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 77%, and female literacy is 67%. In Madhugiri, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Agriculture[edit]

The prime crops that are grown in Madhugiri are groundnut, ragi and mango, sericulture, coconut and Kakada (flower). It is known for pomegranate fruit ('daalimbe' in Kannada).[4]

Transportation[edit]

From Bengaluru there are two ways to reach Madhugiri:

  • via Nelamangala, Dabaspete (in Dabaspete take a right turn), Urdigere, Koratagere to Madhugiri (102 km). For this route there is a KSRTC bus every 25 min from Bengaluru (Majestic).
  • via Tumkur, Koratagere to Madhugiri (114 km).

From Tumkur, there are two ways to reach Madhugiri:

  • on leaving Tumkur, there is a deviation that goes via Siddara Betta and Chennarayana Durga to Madhugiri,
  • the other deviation goes directly to Madhugiri via Koratagere.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Madhugiri Pincode". citypincode.in. Retrieved 2014-05-19. 
  2. ^ Madhugiri. Fallingrain.com. Retrieved on 2012-09-04.
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  4. ^ "TUMKUR DISTRICT TOURIST PLACES".