Madhya Pradesh High Court
|Madhya Pradesh High Court|
|Location||Jabalpur, Indore, Gwalior|
|Composition method||Presidential with confirmation of Chief Justice of India and Governor of respective state.|
|Authorized by||Constitution of India|
|Decisions are appealed to||Supreme Court of India|
|Judge term length||Till 62 years of age|
|Number of positions||42|
|Currently||AJAY MANIKRAO KHANWILKAR|
The Madhya Pradesh High Court (Hindi: मध्य प्रदेश उच्च न्यायालय) is the High Court of the state of Madhya Pradesh. It was established as the Nagpur High Court on 2 January 1956 by Letters Patent dated 2nd of January 1936, issued under Section 108 the Government of India Act, 1935. This Letters Patent continued in force even after the adoption of the constitution of India on 26th of January 1950 by virtue of Articles 225 & 372 thereof.
On 1st of November 1956 the States Reorganization Act was enacted. The new state of Madhya Pradesh was constituted under S.9 thereof. Subsection (1) of Section 49 of the States Re-organization Act ordained that from the appointed day i.e., 1st of November 1956, the High Court exercising jurisdiction, in relation to the existing state of Madhya Pradesh, i.e. Nagpur High Court, shall be deemed to be the High Court for the present state of Madhya Pradesh. Thus Nagpur High Court was not abolished but by a legal fiction it became High Court for the new state of Madhya Pradesh with its seat at Jabalpur.
The court has a sanctioned judge strength of 42.
Principal seat & Benches
The present state of Madhya Pradesh, as is well known, was originally created as Central Province on 02/11/1861, as Judicial Commission's territory and was administered by the Judicial Commissioner. The Judicial Commissioner's court at Nagpur was, at that time, the highest Court of the territory. It was converted into a Governor's province in 1921, when it became entitled to a full-fledged High Court for administration of Justice.
Meanwhile Berar, a part of Nijam's state of Hyderebad, was transferred in 1933 to the Central Province, for administration. This gave the state its new name Central Provinces and Berar. Thereafter, by virtue of Letters Patent dated 2 January 1936, issued under Section 108 of the Government of India Act, 1915, by King Emperor, George the Fifth, Nagpur High Court was established for Central Pronvices & Berar. This Letters Patent, whereunder the Nagpur High Court was constituted and invested with jurisdiction, continued in force even after the adoption of the constitution of India on 26 January 1950 by virtue of Articles 225 & 372 thereof.
On 1 November 1956, new state of Madhya Pradesh was constituted under States Reorganization Act. Subsection (1) of Section 49 of the States Re-organization Act ordained that from the appointed day i.e., 1 November 1956, the High Court exercising jurisdiction, in relation to the existing state of Madhya Pradesh, i.e. Nagpur High Court, shall be deemed to be the High Court for the present state of Madhya Pradesh. Thus Nagpur High Court was not abolished but by a legal fiction it became High Court for the new state of Madhya Pradesh with its seat at Jabalpur.
The principal seat of the court is Jabalpur. The court is housed in an impressive building constructed by Raja Gokul Das in 1899. The building was designed by Henry Irwin in 1886. The construction work of this building was commenced in 1886 and completed in 1889. The building was constructed in brick-lime with ornamental towers and cornices. The architecture of the building is mixed baroque and oriental. The arches as well as the bastions at the corner are ornamental. There are 14 court rooms in this building.
Principal seat & Benches
on 1 November 1956, constituted two temporary benches of the High Court of Madhya Pradesh, one at Indore and the other at Gwalior. later by a Notification, issued in the exercise of the powers conferred by the Subsection (2) of section 51 of the States Reorganization Act, 1956 came into existence as the permanent benches on 28 November 1968.
Justice Ajay Manik Rao Khanwilkar took over as the Chief Justice of Madhya Pradesh High Court from the Acting Chief Justice, Justice Sharad Arvind Bobde on October 26, 2013.
Former Chief Justices
Nagpur High Court
|Gilbert Stone||9 January 1936–|
|Frederick Louis Grille|
|M. Hidayatullah||1954–31 October 1956|
Madhya Pradesh High Court
|JUSTICE M. Hidayatullah||1954 to 1958|
|JUSTICE Ganesh Prasad Bhutt||1958 to 1959|
|JUSTICE P.V. Dixit||1959 to 1969|
|JUSTICE Bishambhar Dayal||1969 to 1972|
|JUSTICE P.K. Tare||1972 to 1975|
|JUSTICE Shivdayal P. Shrivastava||1975 to 1978|
|JUSTICE A.P. Sen||1978 to 1978|
|JUSTICE G.P. Singh||1978 to 1984|
|JUSTICE Goverdhanlal Jamnalal Oza||1984 to 1985|
|JUSTICE Narayan Dutt Ojha||1987 to 1988|
|JUSTICE G.G. Sohani||1988 to 1989|
|JUSTICE Sushil Kumar Jha||1989 to 1993|
|JUSTICE Ullal Lakshminarayan Bhatt||1993 to 1995|
|JUSTICE A.K. Mathur||1995 to 1999|
|JUSTICE Bhawani Singh||2000 to 2003|
|JUSTICE Kumar Rajaratnam||2003 to 2004|
|JUSTICE R.V. Raveendran||2004 to 2005|
|JUSTICE A. K. Patnaik||2005 to 2009|
|JUSTICE Syed Rafat Alam||2009 to 2011|
|JUSTICE Sharad Arvind Bobde||2012 to 2013|
|JUSTICE Ajay Manikrao Khanwilkar||Present|
Sandeep Singh Tomar thana - lidhora distt. - tikamgarh m.p.