Madhyamgram

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Madhyamgram
মধ্যমগ্রাম
City
Madhyamgram Crossing (Chowmatha) on Jessore Road
Madhyamgram Crossing (Chowmatha) on Jessore Road
Madhyamgram is located in West Bengal
Madhyamgram
Madhyamgram
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°42′N 88°27′E / 22.70°N 88.45°E / 22.70; 88.45Coordinates: 22°42′N 88°27′E / 22.70°N 88.45°E / 22.70; 88.45
Country  India
State West Bengal
District

North 24 Parganas

Number of wards = 25
Government
 • Municipality Chairman Mr. Rathin Ghosh[1]
Elevation 15 m (49 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 198,964
Languages
 • Official BengaliEnglish
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 700129
Telephone code 91 33
Vehicle registration WB 26
Lok Sabha constituency Barasat
Vidhan Sabha constituency Madhyamgram
Website north24parganas.nic.in

Madhyamgram is a small town in the district of North 24 Parganas within the Indian state of West Bengal and suburban of Metropolitan City Kolkata, having Calcutta (Kolkata) postal code and telephone zone (33). It is under the jurisdiction of Barasat sadar subdivision[2] within the limit of Barasat and Airport police stations and under the local jurisdiction of Madhyamgram Municipality. It is a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority.[3]

History[edit]

History of Madhyamgram is the history of flourishment and downfall. Madhyamgram was in the Kingdom of Raja Protapaditya Roy, one of the twelve feudal provinces of Bengal and Ruler of Jessore during the Mughal regime.

On 20 December 1757 Mirzafar, the Nawab of Bengal presented twenty four parganas to East India Company as dowry which also included Madhyamgram, under Anwarpur Pargana adjacent to Barasat.

The first Railway line from Madhyamgram to Duttapurkur was commissioned in 1882 when the station was called Chandipur and Madhyamgram was then named as Majher Gaon, probably because the area was situated between Badu (Chakradharpur Mouza) and Sajirhat (Guchuria Mouza).

The present narrow Noai Canal now acting as dividing border line between New Barrackpore and Madhyamgram stretching from the South of Ganganagar to Sajirhat in the West was actually a wide river, once called Labanyabati which through colloquial transformation became Noai river and after years of silt depositions it turned into Noai Canal.

At that time Anwarpur Pargana was famous for tobacco trade and a special sweet smelling blended tobacco was manufactured in Madhyamgram.

Over and above Madhyamgram was also a big paddy growing area and Labanya river was a medium of navigation for export of those products. Besides, Madhyamgram was also famous for fine and beautiful embroidery works and those gratifying beauty was getting appreciation from Kolkata, even Delhi and Mumbai. Many Muslim families used to maintain livelihood through those works.

In this way of historical evolution and step by step development planning we got the present day Madhyamgram. ===Climate=== The climate is tropical, like the rest of the Gangetic West Bengal. The hallmark is the Monsoon—early June to mid September. The weather remains dry during the winter (mid-November to mid-February) and humid during summer.

Temperature :41 °C in May (max) and 8.3 °C in January (min)

Relative Humidity: Between 50% in March & 90% in July

Pin-700129 & 700130.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[4] Madhyamgram had a population of 198,964. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Madhyamgram has an average literacy rate of 76%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 80%, and female literacy is 71%. In Madhyamgram, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Transport[edit]

A large Population of Madhyamgram depends on Railways. Primary station is Madhyamgram Station. Auto Service is one of the most popular transport to reach nearby towns like Sodepur, New Barrackpur & Barasat. A unique concept of Cycle-Van is also popular in Madhyamgram. The Rail connectivity links Madhyamgram with Major Areas of rest of Kolkata. Some of them are Sealdah, Dumdum, Airport & Park circus etc. Jessore Road is seen as the most important road connection with other parts of City. Via Jessore Road one can easily reach Kolkata Airport. Also Sodepur road of Madhyamgram leads to BT road, an important transport link to heart of kolkata from North. Sodepur Road is treated as the connecting road between Jessore & BT Road. Other regular transport services like Private & Govt. Public transport Bus, Taxi, Rented Car service are available in Madhyamgram. Because of growing importance of Madhyamgram now latest Volvo type large Air-conditioned Bus Services are also available during peak office hours.

As per West Bengal Metro Rail future projects, There will be a rout from Barasat to Dumdum. This rout includes Madhyamgram as one of the most important stops to minimise heavy traffic in office time.

Economy[edit]

Earlier Madhyamgram Crossing on Jessore Road; traffic jam, including the "cycle-van"s

There is a major textile mill and a rubber factory. The business of the city centres around retailing, though there are dealers who supply mainly to the rest of the district. Madhyamgram also hosts an integrated computer hardware and software development unit. However, the major occupation of its residents is service. The proximity to Kolkata helps residents commute daily to Kolkata. The major advance of Madhyamgram is the transportation facility with Road mode and the Local Railway Section. Literally, you can find any bus route direct or connecting from Madhyamgram to and for Kolkata and bordering towns and villages to Bangladesh.

some of the branches of the various co operative banks helps people to save their money.

Education and Culture[edit]

Even being a comparatively smaller town, Madhyamgram boasts a number of secondary and higher secondary schools and two graduate colleges, namely, the Vivekananda College and the Acharya Prafulla Chandra College. The latter, though territorially in the New Barrackpur municipality, has a close relationship with Madhyamgram, especially in student composition. The two most famous schools are Madhyamgram High School and Madhyamgram Girls High School. There's also Acharya Prafulla Chandra Girls High School & Acharya Prafulla Chandra Boys High School. Now The Acharya Prafulla Chandra Vidyayatan become one of the best scool in Madhyamgram. The popular English medium schools are Julien Day School, in Ganganagar and Sudhir Memorial Institute, near Doltala, St. Judes Higher Secondary School at Basu Nagar. There are also an Engineering and a management college. Camellia Institute of Technology and Camellia School Of Business Management here.

Eminent painter Shri Jahar Dasgupta who is the President at Academy of Fine Arts also resides in Madhyamgram. A sculpture of poet Rabindranath Tagore which is placed near Madhyamgram Railway station also done by Dasgupta. He runs an Art School 'SENJUTI' for young kids and students since 1984 and this school has been a major contributor in art and culture of Madhyamgram.

Sports[edit]

Madhyamgram High School is famous for winning the Subrata Cup, all-India inter-school soccer competition, a record number of times. There are quite a few footballers who hail from Madhyamgram. There are two Football coaching camps - one, in Ward no. 19 at Pallishree playground, started function on and from 12.06.05, and the other, in Ward no. 7 at Basunagar playground, started function on and from 18-9-05 which are organised and managed by the Madhyamgram Municipality. Several number of playground and parks are there where all kinds of outdoor games are being organized. There are two Cricket Coaching Camps - One, in between Ward no.7 & Ward no.8 at Bosenagar Ground, and the other, in Ward no.9 at Udayrajpur Madhyapara Ground.

There is one swimming in Pool one in Sukanta Sayar at Ward no. 4 where veteran Coaches are involved for coaching the children all over the year.[citation needed]

Table tennis star Mouma Das belongs to Madhyamgram.
Football players;- SWAPAN SEN,EX CALCUTTA UNIVERSITY'S FOOTBALL TEAM COACH, Pijush Das, Prosun Bhattacharya, Madhusudan Majumder, Tapan Maiti, Abhijit Roy Chowdhury and Sanjib Bhattacherjee belong to Madhyamgram.[citation needed] Cricket Players : Prasenjit Banerjee,Preetam Ghosh,Debasish Bose, Goutam Ghosh,Uddipan Mukherjee belong to Madhyamgram.

Community[edit]

Madhyamgram has its own community.[5] Its objective is in developing and building up communities of men and women of Madhyamgram to enable empowerment, self-sufficiency and control over their environment. Community Service is performed for the benefit of the residence living in its local area. Being a popular trade center for gold and ornament traders from erstwhile Bengal (now Bangladesh) Madhyamgram is a rapidly developing city. Though Durga puja is the main festival of Bengalis Kali-Puja in Madhyamgram is more famous.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Official District Administration site[dead link]
  2. ^ District-wise list of statutory towns[dead link],
  3. ^ "Base Map of Kolkata Metropolitan area". Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority. Retrieved 2007-09-03. 
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  5. ^ "Madhyamgram Community Page". Madhyamgram Community Service Group. Retrieved 2010-08-18. 

External links[edit]