Madihe Pannaseeha Thero
|Agga Maha Panditha
Dr.Madihe Pannaseeha Thero
|Dharma name(s)||Madihe Pannaseeha|
June 21, 1913|
|Died||September 9, 2003(aged 90)|
|Title||Head of Amarapura Sect
Agga Maha Pandita
|Teacher||Ven. Palane Sri Vajiragnana Maha Nayaka Thera|
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Madihe Pannaseeha Thero (Pali: Paññāsīha) (June 21, 1913 - September 9, 2003) was an eminent Sri Lankan Buddhist monk, who was the head of Amarapura sect from July 13, 1969 until his death on September 9, 2003.
Madihe Pannaseeha Nayaka Thero was born on June 21, 1913 in the village called Madihe in Matara district, as the youngest in a family of five. His lay name was Benson Wilmot. Benson Wilmot had his education in the English medium at St. Thomas' Girls' High School and then St.Thomas' College, Matara and later at Mahinda College, Galle. At the age of 13 years he entered the Buddhist Order. His ordination was held at Devagiri Vihara, Kabmurugamuwa, on June 24, 1926. He was named 'Madihe Pannasheeha' at the ordination.
Elected Maha Nayaka
An election by secret vote was held on November 27, 1955, at Vajiraramaya, Bambalapitiya, to select the Maha Nayaka ( Great Chief ) Thera to succeed Ven. Palane Vagiragnana Nayake Thera. At the election 141 Bhikkus of the Nikaya cast their votes, and Ven. Madihe Pannasiha received 109, while the other contender received 32 votes. Accordingly, Ven. Madihe Pannasiha was elected as the Maha Nayaka Thera of the Amarapura Sri Dharmarakkhita Nikaya by a clear majority vote.
A few days after the appointment, Sir Cyril de Zoysa and R.Premadasa, the late President, an MMC Colombo at that time had called on the Maha Nayaka Thera individually and after conferring his good wishes had made a request which has come to effect and that was to incorporate all sects of the Amarapura Nikaya to one. The first Vinaya Karma was held at Maharagama on July 13, 1969. It has not only united the Nikaya, but also made him the head of the United Amarapura Nikaya.
In April 1954 a committee was appointed by the all Ceylon Buddhist Congress composed of members from Buddhist clergy and laity in order to ascertain salient facts about the conditions and ways of Buddhist life. Ven. Madihe Pannasiha Thera was among the members of that committee which issued its report on February 4, 1956.
Sir Oliver Goonetilake, the Governor-General appointed a Buddha Sasana Commission on March 4, 1957 under the chairmanship of Ven. Kalukondayawe Pangnasekera Maha Nayaka Thera and Ven. Madihe Pannasiha was also a member of that Commission, which issued its report after visiting Buddhist countries abroad. After this report was issued, Ven. Madihe Pannasiha Maha Nayaka Thera took up the issues such as taking over all assisted schools to the government and making all Poya days public holidays.
Propagation of Buddhism
Maha Nayaka Thera visited China in 1946 for the propagation of Theravada Buddhism. Thero also visited Kathmandu in Nepal for a higher ordination of Bhikahkus in 1951 and in 1954 to establish a Seema Malaka in Lalith Pura, Nepal and he renamed the Buddhist Vihara there from "Young Sumangala Vihara" to "Sri Sumangala Vihara".
Maha Nayaka Thera left for America on 27 March, 1964 on an invitation from the Asia Foundation to gain an idea of the educational training prevailing there, ways and means of rural development, and also for the propagation of Theravada Buddhism in America. He spent 5 months there and made arrangements to establish a Vihara in Washington in 1964. Other places of his visit were England, West Indies, Scotland, Denmark, France, Italy, Germany, Japan, Vietnam, Hong Kong and Singapore. On his return he established the Buddhist Information Centre at Greenpath, Colombo, the first of its kind in order to furnish information to any one who is interested in Buddhism. The World Buddhist Directory is published by this Information Center.
After returning from USA, Maha Nayaka Thera organised the "Thurunu Saviya" at Maharagama to organise and train the youths of Sri Lanka. Maha Nayaka Thera considered that the young generation in Sri Lanka should be directed in the correct lines. This movement attracted many youths and this resulted in a society called "Samma Ajeeva Sangamaya" in 1974. This was necessary to counter the increasing rate of drug addiction and alcoholism among the youths of Sri Lanka. Ven. Maha Nayaka Thera played an important role in the rehabilitation of youths after the 1971 Insurrection.thurunu saviya has 10 groups for train the young.
Dharma Vijaya foundation
The Dharma Vijaya Foundation established in 1979 under the patronage of the Maha Nayaka Thera has noble objectives to make Sri Lanka a Dharma Deepa or a country where righteous people live, to develop the economy and the culture of the country simultaneously and also to serve the poor in their social needs and education.
He succeeded Ven. Kalubondayawe Pangnasekera Maha Nayaka Thera as the president of the Sri Lanka Temperance Movement, to carry out the good work commenced during the early part of the 20th century.
Honours and death
Thero was conferred an honorary Ph.D. from the University of Peradeniya in 1987, and received the honorific title Agga Maha Pandita from Burma in the year 1996. Thero died on September 9, 2003 at the age of 90.
- E. Weerapperuma , "Madihe Pannaseeha Thera", Newsfinder.org
- "Most Ven. Madihe Pannaseeha Thera passes away", Daily News (Sri Lanka), dailynews.lk, 9 September 2003
- Wimalaratne, K. D. G. (June 21, 2003). "90th birth anniversary of Madihe Pannasiha Maha nayaka Thera today : The beacon of the Buddha Sasana". Daily News - features. The Associated Newspapers of Ceylon. Retrieved September 17, 2012.
- Peiris, Manjari (June 21, 2002). "Ven. Madihe Pannaseeha Thera is 90 today". Daily News. Retrieved July 25, 2010.
- Lamp of Dhamma lit at Vajiraramaya by Aggamaha Panditha Kotugoda Dhammawasa Anunayake Thero
- Section on Ven. Madihe Pannasiha Mahanayaka Thero at Sakyamuni Sambuddha Vihara
- Facebook Commemoration Page