Madikwe Game Reserve

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Madikwe Game Reserve
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
Group of Impala.jpg
A group of Impala in the Madikwe Game Reserve
Map showing the location of Madikwe Game Reserve
Map showing the location of Madikwe Game Reserve
Location in North West province
Location North West Province, South Africa
Nearest city Groot Marico
Coordinates 24°49′S 26°13′E / 24.817°S 26.217°E / -24.817; 26.217Coordinates: 24°49′S 26°13′E / 24.817°S 26.217°E / -24.817; 26.217
Established 1991

The Madikwe Game Reserve is a protected area in South Africa, part of the latest park developments in the country. Named after the Madikwe or Marico River, on whose basin it is located, it was opened in 1991 and comprises 750 km² of bushland north of the small town Groot-Marico up to the Botswana border.

Description[edit]

Madikwe Game Reserve lies 90 km north of Zeerust[1] on what used to be farm land, but owing to the poor soil type, farming was not that successful. After extensive research, the South African Government found that this land would best be utilised as a national park, to economically uplift this otherwise rather poor area.

A lion cub

The process reintroducing wildlife to the area began in 1992 under the codename Operation Phoenix which relocated entire breeding herds of African elephant, African buffalo, black rhino and white rhino along with various species of antelope. Following Operation Phoenix Madikwe has also successfully reintroduce rarer predatory species such as lion, cheetah, spotted hyena and african wild dogs bringing the total large mammal population of the reserve to over 10 000. There are currently more than 60 species of mammal in the park. [2]

The reserve has recently opened itself up to private farms outside the main reserve. Private users need to abide by parks board rules, animals can roam over any land, but there are restrictions as to where private vehicles can drive. There are 30 lodges on the property, and six lodges in the private farms outside the main reserve. Madikwe has started Community Lodges, which the local villages own and run. All profits are then used to uplift the communities.

It is currently the fifth largest game reserve in South Africa and yet not widely known. The park is now 680 km² by itself, and 750 km², including the now incorporated privately owned land. The terrain is mainly open grasslands and bushveld plains, interspersed with rocky outcrops and single mountains. Madikwe has been regarded as one of the better conservation areas in Africa, offering all the major species, including lion, leopard, elephant, buffalo, both white and black rhino along with almost all the plains antelope species.

A special feature of Madikwe lies in its unique location, a transition zone on the edges of the Kalahari, where a number of rare species occur naturally, and the bushveld. The climate is generally mild to hot, but winter nights can be cold. Over 350 species of birds have been recorded at Madikwe. The reserve is relatively close to Pilanesberg Game Reserve and there is currently a two year scheme between the two protected areas that will eventually lead to there being a corridor between the two parks.

Climate & Weather[edit]

Madikwe forms part of a semi-arid region on the edge of the Kalahari Dessert. In this region the climate can be broken into the rainy season (October – April) and the dry season (May – September). Summers overlap with the rainy season. Temperatures are high (32°C / 90°F) with cooling thunderstorms common in the late afternoon, evenings are mild (18°C / 64°F). Winters here are dry, with mild days (21°C / 70°F) and chilly nights (3°C / 37°F). chilly nights and mild days. Summer temperatures Game viewing is good at all times of the year though most animals tend to congregate around available water sources during the winter. [3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Madikwe Game Reserve
  2. ^ http://www.etalisafari.co.za/guest-experience/madikwe-game-reserve/
  3. ^ http://www.etalisafari.co.za/guest-experience/madikwe-game-reserve/

External links[edit]