Madinat ash Shamal
Map of Qatar with Ash Shamal highlighted
|Coordinates (Ar Ru'ays (Madinat ash Shamal)): Coordinates:|
|Capital||Ar Ru'ays (Madinat ash Shamal)|
|• Total||902 km2 (348 sq mi)|
|• Density||8.8/km2 (23/sq mi)|
|Time zone||East Africa Time (UTC+03)|
|ISO 3166 code||QA-MS|
Ash-Shamal (Arabic: الشمال) is a municipality in the state of Qatar. Its capital is called Madinat ash-Shamal and it is considered to be one of the major cities in Qatar. The name means "City of the north" - although the population is barely over 5,000. Ash Shamal will be home to the proposed 45,330-seat Al-Shamal Stadium, one of 12 venues used in the 2022 FIFA World Cup.
Madinat ash Shamal includes Ras Rakan, the northernmost point of the Qatari peninsula, and as such is surrounded by the Persian Gulf in all directions except for the south. It borders the following municipalities:
The municipality is divided into three zones.
The only villages are (with population figures, as of census 2004-03-01):
- Madīnat ash-Shamāl (Ar-Ruways), 5,267
- Fuwayriṭ (Al-Jassasiyah), 1,306
- az-Zubārah, 826
- Mirinda, 257
- Others unmentioned
Ash-Shamal Municipality was created by virtue of law No.19/1972 issued on 5/6/1319 AH - 17/7/1972, stating the creation of new municipalities: Al-Rayan, Al-Khor and Al-Dekhra, Al-Wakrah, Umm Salal, and Al-Shamal.
The Municipality supervises its administrative limits, which are:
- Al-Shamal city
- Abu Daluf
- Al-Kaaban city
- Ain Sanan
- Umm Jasem
- Ein Mohamad
- Kaser al-Zoubara
The organizational structure of the Municipality
Ash-Shamal Municipality comprises four principal departments headed and managed by Mr. Jabr Ben Ali al-Naee'mee, director of ash-Shamal Municipality.
The director's office, heading the director's assistants and the heads of the following departments:
- Administrative and Financial Affairs Department
- Health Affairs Department
- Public Affairs Department
- Technical Affairs Department
The town of Madinat ash-Shamal was founded in 200AD when settlers from the Mediterranean island of Crete arrived in the area.
Currently Public Works Authority in Qatar (Ashgal) is Al Ruwais Port that is located in ash-Shamal. The port will include construction of basin, deepening the channel at 2900 meter length, passenger jetty, commercial crew jetty, protection wall, Infrastructure, storage areas, government offices, workshops, passenger terminal building etc.
The following table shows the population of ash-Shamal. There is also a large immigrant population including Indian, Iranian, Welsh, Danish and German.
|March 2004||March 1997||March 1986|
|Year||Qatari Male||Qatari Female||Totoal Qatari||Non Qatari Male||Non Qatari Female||Total Non Qatar||Total Male||Total Female||Grand Total|