Madison County, Alabama
|Madison County, Alabama|
Madison County Courthouse in Huntsville, Alabama
Location in the state of Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
|Founded||December 13, 1808|
812.85 sq mi (2,105 km²)
804.92 sq mi (2,085 km²)
7.93 sq mi (21 km²), 0.98%
414/sq mi (160/km²)
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
It is also included in the merged Huntsville-Decatur Combined Statistical Area. The county is named in honor of James Madison, fourth President of the United States of America, and the first to visit the state of Alabama. According to the 2010 Census, the population was 334,811. Its county seat is Huntsville. Madison County covers parts of the former Decatur County.
Madison County was established on December 13, 1808 by the governor of the Mississippi Territory. It is recognized as the "birthplace" of Alabama, which was founded there on December 14, 1819. For much of the county's history, the economy revolved mainly around agriculture. Madison County was one of the largest cotton-producing counties in the state, and textile mills operated around the county.
This changed when a group of German rocket scientists, led by Wernher von Braun, came to Redstone Arsenal in 1950. They developed, among others, the Redstone rocket, which was modified to launch the first two Americans into space. Tens of thousands of jobs came to the area as a result of the Space Race, and the population of Madison County rose from 72,903 in 1950 to an estimated 2005 population of 298,192.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 812.85 square miles (2,105.3 km2), of which 804.92 square miles (2,084.7 km2) (or 99.02%) is land and 7.93 square miles (20.5 km2) (or 0.98%) is water.
The topography in the southern and eastern portions of the county is dominated by the dissected remnants of the Cumberland Plateau, such as Keel Mountain, Monte Sano Mountain and Green Mountain. The northern and western portions of the county are flatter.
Major highways 
- Interstate 565
- U.S. Highway 72 (University Drive in Huntsville city limits)
- U.S. Highway 231 (Memorial Parkway in Huntsville city limits)
- U.S. Highway 431 (Governors Drive in Huntsville city limits)
- State Route 53 (Jordan Lane in much of Huntsville city limits)
- State Route 255 (Research Park Boulevard)
Adjacent counties 
- Lincoln County, Tennessee (north)
- Franklin County, Tennessee (northeast)
- Jackson County (east)
- Marshall County (southeast)
- Morgan County (southwest across the Tennessee River)
- Limestone County (west)
||Lincoln County, Tennessee||Franklin County, Tennessee|
|Limestone County||Jackson County|
|Morgan County||Marshall County|
National protected area 
As of the census of 2000, there were 276,700 people, 109,955 households, and 75,319 families residing in the county. The population density was 344 people per square mile (133/km2). There were 120,288 housing units at an average density of 149 per square mile (58/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 72.06% White, 22.78% Black or African American, 0.77% Native American, 1.86% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, and 1.89% from two or more races. Nearly 1.91% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
According to the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau:
- 73.02% White(non-Hispanic)
- 21.5% Black
- 0.8% Native American
- 1.6% Asian
- 0.0% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
- 0.91% Two or more races
- 1.89% Hispanic or Latino (of any race)
There were 109,955 households, out of which 33.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them; 53.40% were married couples living together, 11.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.50% were non-families. Nearly 27.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45, and the average family size was 3.00.
In the county, the population was spread out with 25.60% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 31.50% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 10.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.10 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $44,704, and the median income for a family was $54,360. Males had a median income of $40,779 versus $26,534 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,091. About 8.10% of families and 10.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.10% of those under age 18 and 9.60% of those age 65 or over.
The Madison County School System runs public schools throughout the unincorporated areas of the county and the incorporated and unincorporated communities of Gurley, New Hope, Meridianville, Hazel Green, Toney, Monrovia, New Market, and Owens Cross Roads. The system runs 14 elementary schools, 4 middle schools, 5 high schools and a ninth grade school, and a career/technical center.
High schools in the Madison County School System are:
- Buckhorn High School (New Market, Alabama)
- Hazel Green High School
- Madison County High School (in Gurley)
- New Hope High School
- Sparkman High School (in Harvest)
There are a number of private schools serving Madison County. These include Madison Academy, Westminster Christian Academy, Faith Christian Academy, and several others.
Municipalities and census-designated places 
Populated places with more than 100,000 inhabitants 
- Huntsville (182,956) - 2011 est.
Populated places with more than 25,000 inhabitants 
- Madison (42,938)
Populated places with more than 5,000 inhabitants 
Populated places with more than 2,500 inhabitants 
Populated places with more than 1,000 inhabitants 
Populated places with less than 1,000 inhabitants 
Places of interest 
See also 
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Huntsville, Alabama
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Madison County, Alabama
- Properties on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage in Madison County, Alabama
- Redstone Arsenal cemeteries
- A Digest of the Laws of the State of Alabama: Containing The Statutes and Resolutions in Force at the end of the General Assembly in January, 1823. Published by Ginn & Curtis, J. & J. Harper, Printers, New-York, 1828. Title 10. Chapter II. Page 80-81. "By Robert Williams, Governor of the Mississippi Territory." (Google Books)
- United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 10 May 2012.
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved April 28, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved April 28, 2013.
- "University of Virginia Library". Retrieved April 28, 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Madison County, Alabama|
- Madison County Commission
- Madison County Schools
- Madison Alabama Chamber of Commerce
- Madison County map of roads/towns (map © 2007 Univ. of Alabama).