Madison County, Arkansas

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Madison County, Arkansas
Madison County Courthouse in Huntsville, AR.jpg
Map of Arkansas highlighting Madison County
Location in the state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
Founded September 30, 1836
Seat Huntsville
Largest city Huntsville
Area
 • Total 837.06 sq mi (2,168 km2)
 • Land 836.81 sq mi (2,167 km2)
 • Water 0.25 sq mi (1 km2), 0.03
Population
 • (2010) 15,717
 • Density 19/sq mi (7.25/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Madison County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of 2010, the population was 15,717. The county seat is Huntsville. The county was formed on September 30, 1836, and named for James Madison, President of the United States.

Madison County is part of the FayettevilleSpringdaleRogers, AR-MO Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 837.06 square miles (2,168.0 km2), of which 836.81 square miles (2,167.3 km2) (or 99.97%) is land and 0.25 square miles (0.65 km2) (or 0.03%) is water.[1]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Airport[edit]

The Huntsville Municipal Airport is a public-use airport located two nautical miles (4 km) southwest of the central business district of Huntsville.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 2,775
1850 4,823 73.8%
1860 7,740 60.5%
1870 8,231 6.3%
1880 11,455 39.2%
1890 17,402 51.9%
1900 19,864 14.1%
1910 16,056 −19.2%
1920 14,918 −7.1%
1930 13,334 −10.6%
1940 14,531 9.0%
1950 11,734 −19.2%
1960 9,068 −22.7%
1970 9,453 4.2%
1980 11,373 20.3%
1990 11,618 2.2%
2000 14,243 22.6%
2010 15,717 10.3%
Est. 2012 15,645 −0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[3]
2012 Estimate[4]
Age pyramid Madison County[5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 14,243 people, 5,463 households, and 4,080 families residing in the county. The population density was 7/km² (17/mi²). There were 6,537 housing units at an average density of 3/km² (8/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.94% White, 0.11% Black or African American, 1.22% Native American, 0.06% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 1.47% from other races, and 1.10% from two or more races. 3.06% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,463 households out of which 33.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.00% were married couples living together, 7.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.30% were non-families. 22.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.80% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 27.00% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 99.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,895, and the median income for a family was $32,910. Males had a median income of $24,911 versus $18,786 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,736. About 14.70% of families and 18.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.60% of those under age 18 and 18.00% of those age 65 or over.

Notable residents[edit]

  • Ralph Francis Baker (1938–1998), Madison County Sheriff from 1973 until 1998 when his automobile was swept into the White River while crossing a low water bridge, resulting in his drowning death on January 5, 1998.[7] Baker was under investigation by the FBI at the time of his death. Real estate ventures[8] and missing funds from the Madison County Drug Eradication Fund -- along with other allegations -- were more than likely the cause of the federal investigation.[9]
  • David McElyea, a longtime resident of the county penned a book titled When Money Grew on Trees: The True Tale of a Marijuana Moonshiner and the Outlaw Sheriff of Madison County, Arkansas. The book is a tale of David's exploits and his relationship with Sheriff Ralph Baker.[11] In 2009, he committed suicide by slitting his throat in a Fayetteville Walmart Supercenter after being detained for suspicion of shoplifting.[12]
  • Billie Jean Phillips; murdered in her Madison County home on September 2, 1994.[14] The case remains unsolved and is shrouded in mystery. Clint Eugene Phillips was acquitted of her murder in 2003 by a jury trial.[15]

Cities and towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Townships in Madison County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas and some may have incorporated towns or cities within part of their space. Townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the US Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (often referred to as "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps. The townships of Madison County are listed below with the town(s) and/or city that are fully or partially inside them listed in parentheses. [16]

Township FIPS ANSI Code Population
center(s)
Population (2010 census) Population
density
(/mi²)
Population
density
(/km²)
Total area
(mi²)
Total area
(km²)
Land area
(mi²)
Land area
(km²)
Water area
(mi²)
Water area
(km²)
Geographic coordinates
Alabam 90009 00068839 1,261 21.90 8.46 57.903 150.0 57.572 149.1 0.331 0.8573 36°11′28″N 93°40′09″W / 36.191194°N 93.669170°W / 36.191194; -93.669170
Bohannan 90392 00068840 631 36.81 14.21 17.202 44.55 17.140 44.39 0.062 0.1606 36°05′09″N 93°49′16″W / 36.085717°N 93.821228°W / 36.085717; -93.821228
Boston 90414 00068841 168 2.54 0.98 66.351 171.8 66.267 171.6 0.084 0.2176 35°50′58″N 93°34′36″W / 35.849404°N 93.576730°W / 35.849404; -93.576730
Bowen 90426 00068842 486 15.18 5.86 32.123 83.20 32.013 82.91 0.110 0.2849 35°58′31″N 93°43′22″W / 35.975305°N 93.722794°W / 35.975305; -93.722794
California 90426 00068842 1,303 15.36 5.93 85.034 220.2 84.848 219.8 0.186 0.4817 36°15′19″N 93°46′13″W / 36.255402°N 93.770360°W / 36.255402; -93.770360
Hilburn 91722 00068844 St. Paul 310 16.39 6.33 18.942 49.06 18.914 48.99 0.028 0.07252 35°47′51″N 93°45′36″W / 35.797425°N 93.760126°W / 35.797425; -93.760126
Japton 91902 00068845 441 17.28 6.67 25.603 66.31 25.528 66.12 0.075 0.1942 35°57′20″N 93°47′37″W / 35.955531°N 93.793701°W / 35.955531; -93.793701
Kentucky 92028 00068846 265 5.82 2.25 45.546 118.0 45.508 117.9 0.038 0.09842 35°49′22″N 93°40′40″W / 35.822760°N 93.677824°W / 35.822760; -93.677824
Kings River 92055 00068847 769 12.16 4.69 63.474 164.4 63.229 163.8 0.245 0.6345 36°02′08″N 93°30′12″W / 36.035554°N 93.503218°W / 36.035554; -93.503218
Lamar 92103 00068848 949 33.88 13.08 28.138 72.88 28.010 72.55 0.128 0.3315 36°01′59″N 93°54′34″W / 36.032938°N 93.909403°W / 36.032938; -93.909403
Lincoln 92208 00068849 229 9.19 3.55 24.982 64.70 24.920 64.54 0.062 0.1606 35°54′07″N 93°41′11″W / 35.902011°N 93.686265°W / 35.902011; -93.686265
Marble 92367 00068850 318 19.48 7.52 16.398 42.47 16.323 42.28 0.166 0.4299 36°07′53″N 93°35′56″W / 36.131296°N 93.598757°W / 36.131296; -93.598757
Mill Creek 92481 00068851 610 9.44 3.65 64.711 167.6 64.590 167.3 0.121 0.3134 35°50′45″N 93°49′35″W / 35.845829°N 93.826426°W / 35.845829; -93.826426
Prairie 93000 00068852 Hindsville 1,632 31.40 12.12 52.182 135.2 51.976 134.6 0.206 0.5335 36°08′25″N 93°52′12″W / 36.140250°N 93.870069°W / 36.140250; -93.870069
Purdy 93048 00068853 314 2.45 8.67 14.029 36.33 13.989 36.23 0.040 0.1036 36°05′18″N 93°35′33″W / 36.088293°N 93.592540°W / 36.088293; -93.592540
Richland 93144 00068854 567 21.56 8.32 26.372 68.30 26.299 68.11 0.073 0.1891 36°01′20″N 93°50′09″W / 36.022251°N 93.835944°W / 36.022251; -93.835944
Valley 93759 00068855 517 13.88 5.36 37.414 96.90 37.235 96.44 0.179 0.4636 35°51′02″N 93°55′06″W / 35.850483°N 93.918223°W / 35.850483; -93.918223
Venus 93792 00068856 244 6.65 2.53 36.783 95.27 36.717 95.10 0.066 0.1709 35°56′23″N 93°36′20″W / 35.939655°N 93.605466°W / 35.939655; -93.605466
War Eagle 93888 00068857 Huntsville 4,037 67.55 26.08 60.177 155.9 59.762 154.8 0.415 1.075 36°05′31″N 93°43′03″W / 36.091926°N 93.717540°W / 36.091926; -93.717540
Wharton 93976 01986189 418 12.24 4.72 34.308 88.86 34.160 88.47 0.148 0.3833 36°00′30″N 93°37′10″W / 36.008463°N 93.619431°W / 36.008463; -93.619431
White River 94017 00068859 248 8.48 3.27 29.317 75.93 29.255 75.77 0.062 0.1606 35°56′55″N 93°53′34″W / 35.948524°N 93.892882°W / 35.948524; -93.892882
Source: "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: County Subdivisions in Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

Source: "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°01′38″N 93°41′45″W / 36.02722°N 93.69583°W / 36.02722; -93.69583