Madison County, Arkansas
|Madison County, Arkansas|
Location in the state of Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
|Founded||September 30, 1836|
|• Total||837.06 sq mi (2,168 km2)|
|• Land||836.81 sq mi (2,167 km2)|
|• Water||0.25 sq mi (1 km2), 0.03|
|• Density||19/sq mi (7.25/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Madison County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of 2010, the population was 15,717. The county seat is Huntsville. The county was formed on September 30, 1836, and named for James Madison, President of the United States.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 837.06 square miles (2,168.0 km2), of which 836.81 square miles (2,167.3 km2) (or 99.97%) is land and 0.25 square miles (0.65 km2) (or 0.03%) is water.
- Carroll County (north)
- Newton County (east)
- Johnson County (southeast)
- Franklin County (south)
- Crawford County (southwest)
- Washington County (west)
- Benton County (northwest)
National protected area
- Ozark National Forest (part)
As of the census of 2000, there were 14,243 people, 5,463 households, and 4,080 families residing in the county. The population density was 7/km² (17/mi²). There were 6,537 housing units at an average density of 3/km² (8/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.94% White, 0.11% Black or African American, 1.22% Native American, 0.06% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 1.47% from other races, and 1.10% from two or more races. 3.06% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 5,463 households out of which 33.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.00% were married couples living together, 7.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.30% were non-families. 22.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.03.
In the county the population was spread out with 26.80% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 27.00% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 99.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.30 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $27,895, and the median income for a family was $32,910. Males had a median income of $24,911 versus $18,786 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,736. About 14.70% of families and 18.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.60% of those under age 18 and 18.00% of those age 65 or over.
- Ralph Francis Baker (1938–1998), Madison County Sheriff from 1973 until 1998 when his automobile was swept into the White River while crossing a low water bridge, resulting in his drowning death on January 5, 1998. Baker was under investigation by the FBI at the time of his death. Real estate ventures and missing funds from the Madison County Drug Eradication Fund -- along with other allegations -- were more than likely the cause of the federal investigation.
- Orval E. Faubus (1910–1994), governor of Arkansas during the desegregation days, was from the Combs community near Huntsville. He is buried in Combs Cemetery.
- Ronnie Hawkins, rockabilly singer. His backing band, The Hawks, later played with Bob Dylan and eventually became The Band.
- David McElyea, a longtime resident of the county penned a book titled When Money Grew on Trees: The True Tale of a Marijuana Moonshiner and the Outlaw Sheriff of Madison County, Arkansas. The book is a tale of David's exploits and his relationship with Sheriff Ralph Baker. In 2009, he committed suicide by slitting his throat in a Fayetteville Walmart Supercenter after being detained for suspicion of shoplifting.
- Danny L. Patrick, Republican member of the Arkansas House of Representatives from Madison and Carroll counties from 1967 to 1970.
- Billie Jean Phillips; murdered in her Madison County home on September 2, 1994. The case remains unsolved and is shrouded in mystery. Clint Eugene Phillips was acquitted of her murder in 2003 by a jury trial.
- John Selman, outlaw and lawman, best known for killing John Wesley Hardin in 1895, was born in Madison Count.
Cities and towns
Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas and some may have incorporated towns or cities within part of their space. Townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the US Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (often referred to as "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps. The townships of Madison County are listed below with the town(s) and/or city that are fully or partially inside them listed in parentheses. 
|Population (2010 census)||Population
|Source: "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: County Subdivisions in Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division.
Source: "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division.
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- FAA Airport Master Record for H34 ( PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective 25 August 2011.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 6, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 6, 2013.
- Based on 2000 census data
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Danny Lee Patrick", Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, July 29, 2009
- US Census Bureau. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Madison County, AR (Map). http://www2.census.gov/geo/pvs/bas/bas11/st05_ar/cou/c05087_madison/BAS11C20508700000_000.pdf. Retrieved 20110727.
||Benton County||Carroll County|
|Washington County||Newton County|
|Crawford County||Franklin County||Johnson County|