Madison County, Missouri

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Not to be confused with Madison, Missouri. ‹See Tfd›
Madison County, Missouri
Madison County Missouri Courthouse at Fredericktown, MO USA.jpg
Madison County Courthouse at Fredericktown
Map of Missouri highlighting Madison County
Location in the state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
Founded December 14, 1818
Named for James Madison
Seat Fredericktown
Largest city Fredericktown
Area
 • Total 497.60 sq mi (1,289 km2)
 • Land 496.73 sq mi (1,287 km2)
 • Water 0.87 sq mi (2 km2), 0.17%
Population
 • (2010) 12,226
 • Density 24/sq mi (9/km²)
Congressional district 8th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website madisoncountymo.us

Madison County is a county located in the Lead Belt region in Southeast Missouri in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 12,226.[1] Its county seat and largest city is Fredericktown.[2] The county was officially organized on December 14, 1818, and was named after President James Madison.[3]

Mining has been a key industry in this area with Madison County recorded as having the oldest lead mine west of the Mississippi River.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 497.60 square miles (1,288.8 km2), of which 496.73 square miles (1,286.5 km2) (or 99.83%) is land and 0.87 square miles (2.3 km2) (or 0.17%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 2,047
1830 2,371 15.8%
1840 3,395 43.2%
1850 6,003 76.8%
1860 5,664 −5.6%
1870 5,849 3.3%
1880 8,876 51.8%
1890 9,268 4.4%
1900 9,975 7.6%
1910 11,273 13.0%
1920 10,721 −4.9%
1930 9,418 −12.2%
1940 9,656 2.5%
1950 10,380 7.5%
1960 9,366 −9.8%
1970 8,641 −7.7%
1980 10,725 24.1%
1990 11,127 3.7%
2000 11,800 6.0%
2010 12,226 3.6%
Est. 2012 12,448 1.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 11,800 people, 4,711 households, and 3,330 families residing in the county. The population density was 24 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 5,656 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.30% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.20% from other races, and 0.83% from two or more races. Approximately 0.56% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,711 households out of which 31.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.40% were married couples living together, 10.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.30% were non-families. 25.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 26.30% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, and 18.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 92.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,421, and the median income for a family was $37,474. Males had a median income of $27,670 versus $15,909 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,825. About 12.80% of families and 17.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.60% of those under age 18 and 16.20% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

Religion[edit]

According to the Association of Religion Data Archives County Membership Report (2000), Madison County is a part of the Bible Belt with evangelical Protestantism being the majority religion. The most predominant denominations among residents in Madison County who adhere to a religion are Southern Baptists (37.87%), Independent/Non-Charismatic Churches (17.42%), and National Association of Free Will Baptists (12.10%).

Education[edit]

Of adults 25 years of age and older in Madison County, 68.6% possesses a high school diploma while 7.8% holds a bachelor's degree as their highest educational attainment.

Public Schools[edit]

  • Fredericktown R-I School District - Fredericktown
    • Fredericktown Elementary School (PK-02)
    • Fredericktown Intermediate School (03-05)
    • Fredericktown Middle School (06-08)
    • Fredericktown High School (09-12)
  • Marquand-Zion R-VI School District - Marquand
    • Marquand-Zion Elementary School (K-06)
    • Marquand-Zion High School (07-12)

Private Schools[edit]

Politics[edit]

Local[edit]

Both the Republican and Democratic parties split control of the local elected offices in Madison County.

Madison County, Missouri
Elected countywide officials
Assessor Barbara Martin Democratic
Circuit Clerk Eileen Provow Democratic
County Clerk Donal E. Firebaugh Democratic
Collector Debby Boone Republican
Commissioner
(Presiding)
Robert Mooney Republican
Commissioner
(District 1)
Dennis Bradford Republican
Commissioner
(District 2)
Larry Mungle Republican
Coroner Charles C. Follis Democratic
Prosecuting Attorney Andrew Tarry Republican
Public Administrator Carol Lachance Republican
Recorder Paula Francis Democratic
Sheriff Robert Spain Republican
Surveyor William Douglas McFarland Democratic
Treasurer Nadean Rice Republican

State[edit]

All of Madison County is a part of Missouri’s 156th District in the Missouri House of Representatives and is currently represented by Shelley Keeney (R-Marble Hill). The 156th District includes all of Bollinger and Madison counties as well as most of Wayne County.

Missouri House of Representatives - District 156 - Madison County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Shelley (White) Keeney* 2,991 100.00 +51.44

All of Madison County is a part of Missouri's 27th District in the Missouri Senate and is currently represented by State Senator Jason Crowell (R-Cape Girardeau). Crowell defeated Linda Sanders (D-Jackson) by almost a two-to-one margin, 64.24-35.76 percent in the district. The 27th Senatorial District includes all of BollingerCape Girardeau, Madison, Mississippi, Perry and Scott counties.

Missouri Senate - District 27 - Madison County (2008)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Jason Crowell 2,778 57.31
Democratic Linda Sanders 2,069 42.69
Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2012 46.95% 2,298 50.15% 2,455 2.90% 142
2008 43.13% 2,160 54.29% 2,719 2.58% 129
2004 57.86% 2,819 40.48% 1,972 1.66% 81
2000 50.50% 2,210 46.85% 2,050 2.65% 116
1996 36.82% 1,709 60.51% 2,809 2.67% 124
1992 45.62% 2,289 54.38% 2,728 0.00% 0
1988 63.41% 2,989 36.42% 1,717 0.17% 8
1984 58.94% 2,746 41.06% 1,913 0.00% 0
1980 58.00% 2,889 41.92% 2,088 0.08% 4
1976 50.34% 1,994 49.63% 1,966 0.00% 0

Federal[edit]

Madison County is included in Missouri’s 8th Congressional District and is currently represented by Jason T. Smith (R-Salem) in the U.S. House of Representatives. Smith won a special election on Tuesday, June 4, 2013, to finish out the remaining term of U.S. Representative Jo Ann Emerson (R-Cape Girardeau). Emerson announced her resignation a month after being reelected with over 70 percent of the vote in the district. She resigned to become CEO of the National Rural Electric Cooperative.

U.S. House of Representatives - District 8 – Madison County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Jo Ann Emerson 3,655 74.65 +8.63
Democratic Jack Rushin 1,106 22.59 -6.72
Libertarian Rick Vandeven 135 2.76 +1.31
U.S. House of Representatives - District 8 - Special Election – Madison County (2013)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Jason T. Smith 608 59.84
Democratic Steve Hodges 323 31.79
Constitution Doug Enyart 43 4.23
Write-in Thomas Brown 29 2.85
Libertarian Bill Slantz 12 1.18
Write-in Wayne L. Byington 1 0.10

Political Culture[edit]

Past Presidential Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2012 65.46% 3,227 32.21% 1,588 2.33% 115
2008 57.62% 2,897 40.61% 2,042 1.77% 89
2004 59.07% 2,905 40.10% 1,972 0.83% 41
2000 56.25% 2,460 41.80% 1,828 1.95% 85
1996 34.21% 1,595 50.42% 2,351 15.38% 717
1992 32.92% 1,673 49.21% 2,501 17.69% 899
1988 53.75% 2,528 46.08% 2,167 0.17% 8
1984 60.13% 2,808 39.87% 1,862 0.00% 0
1980 53.02% 2,618 45.18% 2,231 1.90% 89
1976 43.59% 1,739 55.88% 2,229 0.53% 21

At the presidential level, Madison County is a fairly independent county or battleground. Unlike many rural counties which tend to be Republican strongholds, voters in Madison County have seldom been lockstep in their voting tendencies. While George W. Bush carried Madison County both times in 2000 and 2004, Bill Clinton also carried the county both times in 1992 and 1996. Like many rural counties in Missouri in 2008, voters in Madison County favored John McCain over Barack Obama, although not as strongly as most of the other rural counties throughout the state.

Like most rural areas, voters in Madison County generally adhere to socially and culturally conservative principles which strongly influence their Republican leanings. In 2004, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to define marriage as the union between a man and a woman—it overwhelmingly passed Madison County with 84.78 percent of the vote. The initiative passed the state with 71 percent of support from voters as Missouri became the first state to ban same-sex marriage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to fund and legalize embryonic stem cell research in the state—it failed in Madison County with 57.60 percent voting against the measure. The initiative narrowly passed the state with 51 percent of support from voters as Missouri became one of the first states in the nation to approve embryonic stem cell research. Despite Madison County’s longstanding tradition of supporting socially conservative platforms, voters in the county have a penchant for advancing populist causes like increasing the minimum wage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a proposition (Proposition B) to increase the minimum wage in the state to $6.50 an hour—it passed Madison County with 74.43 percent of the vote. The proposition strongly passed every single county in Missouri with 75.94 percent voting in favor as the minimum wage was increased to $6.50 an hour in the state. During the same election, voters in five other states also strongly approved increases in the minimum wage.

Missouri Presidential Preference Primary (2008)[edit]

In the 2008 Missouri Presidential Preference Primary, voters in Madison County from both political parties supported candidates who finished in second place in the state at large and nationally.

Madison County, Missouri
2008 Republican primary in Missouri
John McCain 452 (35.48%)
Mike Huckabee 560 (43.96%)
Mitt Romney 185 (14.52%)
Ron Paul 51 (4.00%)
Madison County, Missouri
2008 Democratic primary in Missouri
Hillary Rodham Clinton 971 (68.72%)
Barack Obama 344 (24.35%)
John Edwards (withdrawn) 64 (4.53%)
Uncommitted 22 (1.56%)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 10, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 192. 
  4. ^ "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 10, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°29′N 90°20′W / 37.48°N 90.34°W / 37.48; -90.34