Madison County, Ohio

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Madison County, Ohio
London-ohio-courthouse.jpg
Madison County courthouse in London
Map of Ohio highlighting Madison County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded February 16, 1810[1][2]
Named for James Madison
Seat London
Largest city London
Area
 • Total 466.63 sq mi (1,209 km2)
 • Land 465.88 sq mi (1,207 km2)
 • Water 0.76 sq mi (2 km2), 0.16%
Population
 • (2010) 43,435
 • Density 93.2/sq mi (36/km²)
Congressional district 15th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.co.madison.oh.us

Madison County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 43,435, which is an increase of 8.0% from 40,213 in 2000.[3] Its county seat is London.[4] The county is named for James Madison, President of the United States and was established on March 1, 1810.[5]

Madison County is part of the Columbus, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area.

In 2008, Madison County, which spans Interstates 70 and 71 as they converge on Columbus, was cited by the Ohio State Highway Patrol as leading the state for the most number of speeding tickets in excess of 20-mph over the posted limit.[6] Despite a population of around 42,000 in 2006,[7] over 7,700 such tickets were issued in three years. Approximately 3 of Madison County's 18 fatal crashes in 2006 and 2007 occurred on interstates.[8] Madison County is also home to the Ohio Peace Officer Training Academy, the Ohio Bureau of Criminal Identification & Investigation, and several prison facilities.[9]

History[edit]

As of 1850, the county contained 24 churches and one newspaper office, had a total population of 10,015, and the county's public school system had 3838 pupils.[10] With agriculture as the primary business, that same year the county produced 726,451 bushels of corn, 19,308 tons of hay, 120,696 pounds of wool, and 128,948 pounds of butter.[10] As of 1900, the county had a population of 20,590.[11]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 466.63 square miles (1,208.6 km2), of which 465.88 square miles (1,206.6 km2) (or 99.84%) is land and 0.76 square miles (2.0 km2) (or 0.16%) is water.[12]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 1,603
1820 4,799 199.4%
1830 6,190 29.0%
1840 9,025 45.8%
1850 10,015 11.0%
1860 13,015 30.0%
1870 15,633 20.1%
1880 20,129 28.8%
1890 20,057 −0.4%
1900 20,590 2.7%
1910 19,902 −3.3%
1920 19,662 −1.2%
1930 20,253 3.0%
1940 21,811 7.7%
1950 22,300 2.2%
1960 26,454 18.6%
1970 28,318 7.0%
1980 33,004 16.5%
1990 37,068 12.3%
2000 40,213 8.5%
2010 43,435 8.0%
Est. 2012 43,053 −0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]
2012 Estimate[3]

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 40,213 people, 13,672 households, and 10,035 families residing in the county. The population density was 86 people per square mile (33/km²). There were 14,399 housing units at an average density of 31 per square mile (12/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.75% White, 6.24% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, and 1.01% from two or more races. 0.73% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 13,672 households out of which 35.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.20% were married couples living together, 9.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.60% were non-families. 22.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.70% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 32.80% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 10.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 117.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 121.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,212, and the median income for a family was $50,520. Males had a median income of $35,251 versus $26,119 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,721. About 6.20% of families and 7.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.50% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Communities[edit]

Map of Madison County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

City[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Other communities[edit]

Libraries[edit]

The following libraries serve the communities of Madison County.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Madison County Online Services". Madison County, Ohio. Retrieved 2010-08-26. 
  2. ^ Williams, James (1887). The revised statutes of the state of Ohio, Volume 3. The Wrighton Printing Company. p. 583. 
  3. ^ a b "Madison County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-02-16. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ "Madison County data". Ohio State University Extension Data Center. Retrieved 2007-04-28. [dead link]
  6. ^ "AGGRESSIVE DRIVING: 20mph+ Over the Speed Limit", Ohio State Highway Patrol, Traffic Safety Bulletin, Feb 13, 2008. [1], retrieved 2008-02-17
  7. ^ U.S. Census Quick Facts : Madison County, Ohio [2], retrieved 2008-02-17
  8. ^ "Madison County Fatal Crashes, 2006-2008", Ohio State Highway Patrol, [3], retrieved 2008-02-17
  9. ^ "No radar needed in Ohio", Motor Trend [4], retrieved 2011-05-25
  10. ^ a b Thomas Baldwin & J. Thomas, A new and complete gazetteer of the United States, Lippincott, Grambo & Co, 1854, Pg. 643
  11. ^ Stella Shoemaker Wilson, Ohio, Macmillan, 1902, Pg. 97
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  13. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 6, 2013. 
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°54′N 83°24′W / 39.90°N 83.40°W / 39.90; -83.40