Madison County, Tennessee

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Madison County, Tennessee
Map of Tennessee highlighting Madison County
Location in the state of Tennessee
Map of the United States highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
Founded 1821
Named for James Madison[1]
Seat Jackson
Largest city Jackson
Area
 • Total 559 sq mi (1,447 km2)
 • Land 557 sq mi (1,443 km2)
 • Water 2 sq mi (4 km2), .29%
Population
 • (2010) 98,294
 • Density 165/sq mi (64/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.madison.tn.us

Madison County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 98,294.[2] Its county seat is Jackson[3]. It is included in the Jackson, Tennessee, Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Madison County was formed in 1821, and named for founding father and president, James Madison. The county was part of lands purchased from the Chickasaw in 1818.[4]

Pinson Mounds, one of the largest Woodland period mound complexes in the United States, is located in Madison County.[5]

Geography[edit]

Madison County TN sign 001.jpg

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 559 square miles (1,447 km²), of which 557 square miles (1,443 km²) is land and 1.5 square miles (4 km²) (0.29%) is water.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

State protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 11,594
1840 16,530 42.6%
1850 21,470 29.9%
1860 21,535 0.3%
1870 23,480 9.0%
1880 30,874 31.5%
1890 30,497 −1.2%
1900 36,333 19.1%
1910 39,357 8.3%
1920 43,824 11.3%
1930 51,059 16.5%
1940 54,115 6.0%
1950 60,128 11.1%
1960 60,655 0.9%
1970 65,727 8.4%
1980 74,546 13.4%
1990 77,982 4.6%
2000 91,837 17.8%
2010 98,294 7.0%
Est. 2012 98,656 0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2012 Estimate[2]
Age pyramid Madison County[8]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 91,837 people, 35,552 households, and 24,637 families residing in the county. The population density was 165 people per square mile (64/km²). There were 38,205 housing units at an average density of 69 per square mile (26/km²). There were 35,552 households out of which 33.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.80% were married couples living together, 15.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.70% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.00.

The racial makeup of the county was 65.20% non-Hispanic White or European American, 32.46% non-Hispanic Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.63% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.67% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. 1.71% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 35,552 households out of which 33.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.80% were married couples living together, 15.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.70% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.80% under the age of 18, 11.00% from 18 to 24, 29.10% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 12.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 92.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,982, and the median income for a family was $44,595. Males had a median income of $34,253 versus $23,729 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,389. About 10.80% of families and 14.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.40% of those under age 18 and 11.80% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

The county is headed by an elected county mayor (currently Jimmy Harris) and county commission of 25 members elected from 10 districts.[10]

Communities[edit]

Madison County TN county line marker.jpg

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Origins Of Tennessee County Names, Tennessee Blue Book 2005-2006, pages 508-513
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 6, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Harbert Alexander, "Madison County," Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved: 22 October 2013.
  5. ^ Mark Norton, "The Pinson Mounds Complex," West Tennessee Historical Society Papers, Vol. 55 (2001). Copy obtained at Pinson Mounds State Archaeological Park.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 6, 2013. 
  8. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  10. ^ Madison County website

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°37′N 88°50′W / 35.61°N 88.84°W / 35.61; -88.84