Madiun

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Madiun
City
Seal
Seal
Motto: Madiun Kota Gadis (Trade and Industry)
Madiun is located in Indonesia
Madiun
Madiun
Location of Madiun in Indonesia
Coordinates: 7°37′48″S 111°31′23″E / 7.63000°S 111.52306°E / -7.63000; 111.52306Coordinates: 7°37′48″S 111°31′23″E / 7.63000°S 111.52306°E / -7.63000; 111.52306
Country Indonesia
Province East Java
Established 23 June 1926
Government
 • Mayor Bambang Irianto
Area
 • Total 23.05 km2 (8.90 sq mi)
Elevation 65 m (213 ft)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 170,851
 • Density 7,400/km2 (19,000/sq mi)
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)
Website www.madiun.go.id

Madiun is a city in the western part of the province of East Java in Indonesia, an agricultural centre. It was formerly the capital of the regency of the same name, but is now administratively independent of the regency.

Madiun, located 169 km south west of Surabaya, had a population of 202,087 in 2011.[1] The town is an average of 63 metres above sea level and lies on the Madiun River, a tributary of the Bengawan Solo River. It is surrounded by a number of mountains, including Mount Wilis (2,169 m) to the east, to the south the Kapur Selatan range (500–1000 m) and to the west Mount Lawu (3,285 m). Madiun has an average temperature of 20-35 degrees Celsius.

Administration[edit]

The city is divided into three districts (kecamatan), listed below with their 2010 Census populations:[2]

  • Mangu Harjo (49,391)
  • Taman (72,667)
  • Kartoharjo (48,916)

History[edit]

Madiun was the site of a noted uprising in 1948 by elements of the Communist Party of Indonesia (PKI), the "Madiun Affair". After the signing of the Renville Agreement that year, guerrilla units and militias under the influence of PKI were ordered to disband. In Madiun a group of PKI militia refused to disarm and were killed in September. The killings sparked a violent uprising. Army sources claimed that the PKI had announced the proclamation of the "Soviet Republic of Indonesia" on 18 September with Musso as its president and Amir Sjarifuddin as its prime minister.

The uprising was suppressed by republican troops. On 30 September, Madiun was taken over by republican troops of the Silwangi Division. Thousands of party cadres were killed and 36,000 were imprisoned. Amongst the executed were several leaders including Musso who was killed on 31 October, allegedly while trying to escape from prison. Other PKI leaders such as D.N. Aidit went into exile in China.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Madiun official site: Demography (in Indonesian)
  2. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.

External links[edit]