Madonna promoting her documentary I'm Going to Tell You a Secret in 2005.
|Born||Madonna Louise Ciccone
August 16, 1958
Bay City, Michigan, U.S.
|Occupation||Singer, songwriter, record producer, dancer, actress, film producer, film director, fashion designer, author, entrepreneur, philanthropist|
American singer, actress and entertainer Madonna began her film career in 1979 in the low budget feature A Certain Sacrifice which was commercially released in 1985. She has since starred in numerous independent and Hollywood motion pictures including the successful films Desperately Seeking Susan (1985), Dick Tracy (1990), A League of Their Own (1992) and Evita (1996). The latter won her the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Musical or Comedy in 1997, however, some of Madonna's performances have been met with negative criticism from film critics and poor box office performance.
Madonna has also appeared in three starring theatre roles, numerous television commercials and is also a film producer and director. Her debut short-film, Filth and Wisdom (2008) was given a limited release, whilst her 2011 film W.E., won the 2012 Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song for the song "Masterpiece". She has also starred in television concert specials of her world concert tours which includes the documentaries Truth or Dare (In Bed with Madonna) (1991) and I'm Going to Tell You a Secret (2005).
Madonna has also contributed a vast catalogue of songs for the soundtracks to various motion pictures including "Crazy for You" (from Vision Quest, 1985), "Into the Groove" (from Desperately Seeking Susan, 1985), "Live to Tell" (from At Close Range, 1986), "Who's That Girl" (from Who's That Girl, 1987), "This Used to Be My Playground" (from A League of Their Own, 1992), "Beautiful Stranger" (from Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me, 1999) and "Die Another Day" (from the 007 James Bond film of the same name, 2002).
In 1979, Madonna starred in low-budget feature A Certain Sacrifice. Its release in 1985 coincided with the success of her Like a Virgin album, and Madonna tried to prevent its release. That same year, Madonna made a small cameo appearance as a club singer in the film Vision Quest singing Crazy for You; then garnered commercial and critical success in Susan Seidelman's Desperately Seeking Susan, a story of a housewife who is fascinated with a woman she only knows by reading messages in the personals section of a New York City tabloid. It was a commercial success and grossed $27 million in the United States alone.
Madonna then appeared in the adventure drama Shanghai Surprise (1986) with then-husband Sean Penn. The film was dismissed by moviegoers and received poor reviews, many of them calling her acting wooden. Subsequent films such as Who's That Girl (1987) and Bloodhounds of Broadway (1989) failed to attract commercial or critical success. She was the first choice for the role of "Susie Diamond" in The Fabulous Baker Boys, but famously rejected the part claiming it was "too mushy". This proved to be an unwise decision on her part because the film turned out to be a box-office success and it brought Michelle Pfeiffer to even greater fame.
In 1990, Madonna received good reviews for her turn as Breathless Mahoney in Dick Tracy, directed by Warren Beatty and based on Chester Gould's comic strip. Beatty would later surface again in the 1991 documentary Madonna: Truth or Dare (aka In Bed With Madonna) which showed the behind the scenes to the 1990 Blond Ambition World Tour. In December 1990, it was announced that Madonna had pulled out of the controversial Jennifer Lynch film Boxing Helena.
In 1992, Madonna released two movies. The first was a cameo appearance as a trapeze artist in Woody Allen's Shadows and Fog. The black and white film was an homage to German Expressionist cinema, backed by the music of Kurt Weill. She also starred in Penny Marshall's A League of Their Own opposite Tom Hanks, Geena Davis and Rosie O'Donnell. The film centered on a women's baseball team during World War II and earned Madonna good reviews. It was a big commercial success worldwide especially in North America.
Following the media backlash caused by her Sex book and its companion album Erotica, Madonna starred in the 1993 erotic thriller Body of Evidence with Willem Dafoe and Anne Archer. It was panned by critics and performed poorly at the box office. It caused great controversy in the media due to the explicit sexual content. Later that year, she starred in Dangerous Game opposite Harvey Keitel and James Russo. Considered nihilistic and violent, it had an extremely limited release in New York and Los Angeles. Madonna did however, receive good reviews. Madonna has remarked her dislike of the end result saying of the director Abel Ferrara: "He fucked me over. .. however, I am good in it." This was also the first movie production from Madonna's entertainment company Maverick.
In 1995, Madonna almost got the role of the drug addicted Ginger McKenna in Martin Scorsese's, Casino, though she had secured the role, she lost the part at the last minute to Sharon Stone, who convinced Scorsese to cast her instead. Madonna played a cameo, singing telegram girl in Wayne Wang's Blue in the Face and a witch in Four Rooms. She also made another cameo appearance as a phone sex company owner in Spike Lee's Girl 6 in 1996. Later that year Madonna starred as Eva Perón in the film adaptation of the Andrew Lloyd Webber musical Evita. The film marked the first time in America since Desperately Seeking Susan that she was praised for her acting. Madonna had campaigned for the role for nearly ten years and, in December 1994, she wrote a four-page, handwritten letter to director Alan Parker explaining that she would be perfect to play the role. Parker agreed and Madonna took voice lessons to extend her range and researched the life of her character. In January 1997, she won a Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Motion Picture Musical or Comedy, but failed to receive a nomination at the Academy Awards, though the song "You Must Love Me" won the Oscar for Best Song. Both "You Must Love Me" and "Don't Cry for Me Argentina" were hit singles.
Madonna's follow-up to Evita was another critically panned role as Abbie, a woman who decides to have a baby with her gay best friend, in the film The Next Best Thing (2000) directed by John Schlesinger. In America, the film started off strong on its opening week with $15 million, but this quickly diminished.
Swept Away followed in 2002, and was another critical and commercial failure. The remake of an Italian film by Lina Wertmüller in 1975 was the first big screen collaboration between Madonna and her husband Guy Ritchie. It received seven Razzie Award nominations, winning five including Worst Actress for Madonna. The movie was only released to a few hundred cinemas in America and was released straight-to-video in Europe. Later that year, Madonna had a short cameo appearance in the James Bond film Die Another Day, and also sang the theme song. In the movie, Madonna played a fencing instructor named Verity who taught at a British academy.
During the 2004 Re-Invention World Tour, a documentary entitled I'm Going to Tell You a Secret was filmed by Jonas Akerlund, showing behind the scenes footage of the tour. It was premiered on MTV in November 2005. In late 2004, she provided the voice of Princess Selenia in the animated film Arthur and the Invisibles, which was released in January 2007. It was directed by Luc Besson and has been a commercial success worldwide with two sequels already in the planning. She had originally been selected to play the title role in Music of the Heart, however she was replaced by Meryl Streep two weeks before filming began.
This is a chronologically-ordered list of films which have starred American award-winning actress Madonna. Included in this list are her appearances as an actress in a leading role, supporting actress and cameo appearances.
|Year||Film||Role||Director||Studio||Notes||US Box Office (US$)|
|1979||A Certain Sacrifice||Bruna||Stephen Jon Lewicki||Cine Cine Productions||Leading Role, released in 1985 at the height of Madonna's fame||N/A|
|1985||Vision Quest (aka Crazy for You)||Singer||Harold Becker||Warner Bros.||Cameo appearance, includes the songs "Crazy for You" and "Gambler"||12,993,175|
|Desperately Seeking Susan||Susan||Susan Seidelman||Orion||Supporting role, includes the song "Into the Groove"||27,398,584|
|1986||Shanghai Surprise||Gloria Tatlock||Jim Goddard||HandMade Films||Leading role||2,315,683|
|1987||Who's That Girl||Nikki Finn||James Foley||Warner Bros.||Leading role, includes the song "Who's That Girl"||7,305,209|
|1989||Bloodhounds of Broadway||Hortense Hathaway||Howard Brookner||Columbia, American Playhouse||Supporting role, ensemble cast||43,671|
|1990||Dick Tracy||Breathless Mahoney||Warren Beatty||Touchstone, Walt Disney||Supporting role, includes the Academy Award winning song "Sooner or Later"||103,738,726|
|1992||Shadows and Fog||Marie||Woody Allen||Orion||Supporting role, ensemble cast||2,735,731|
|A League of Their Own||Mae Mordabito||Penny Marshall||Columbia||Supporting role, includes the song "This Used to Be My Playground"||107,533,928|
|1993||Body of Evidence||Rebecca Carlson||Uli Edel||MGM, Dino de Laurentiis||Leading role||13,273,595|
|Dangerous Game (aka Snake Eyes)||Sarah Jennings||Abel Ferrara||Cecchi Gori, Maverick Films||Leading role, first production from Madonna's production company Maverick Films||23,671|
|1995||Blue in the Face (aka Brooklyn Boogie)||Singing Telegram||Paul Auster and Wayne Wang||Miramax Films, Buena Vista||Cameo appearance, ensemble cast||1,268,636|
|Four Rooms||Elspeth||Allison Anders||Miramax Films, Buena Vista||Supporting role, "The Missing Ingredient" segment||4,257,354|
|1996||Girl 6||Boss #3||Spike Lee||20th Century Fox||Cameo appearance||4,939,939|
|Evita||Eva Perón||Alan Parker||Hollywood, Cinergi||Leading role, winner of 1997 Golden Globe for Best Actress and Best Film (Musical or Comedy)||50,047,179|
|2000||The Next Best Thing||Abbie Reynolds||John Schlesinger||Lakeshore, Paramount||Leading role, includes the song "American Pie"||14,990,582|
|2002||Swept Away||Amber Leighton||Guy Ritchie||Screen Gems, Columbia||Leading role||598,645|
|Die Another Day||Verity||Lee Tamahori||MGM, Danjaq Inc.||Cameo appearance, includes the song "Die Another Day"||160,942,139|
|2006||Arthur and the Minimoys (aka Arthur and the Invisibles)||Princess Selenia||Luc Besson||EuropaCorp, Weinstein Company, Lionsgate||Voice–only role in the English-language version of the animation||15,132,763|
|1985||Saturday Night Live||Host (Herself), various sketches||"Madonna/Simple Minds" (Season 11, Episode 1)|
|1986||Saturday Night Live||Herself (opening intro)||"Sigourney Weaver/Buster Poindexter" (Season 12, Episode 1, uncredited)|
|1991||Saturday Night Live||Herself ("Wayne's World" sketch)||"Delta Burke/Chris Isaak" (Season 16, Episode 19, uncredited)|
|1992||Saturday Night Live||Liz Rosenberg ("Coffee Tawk" sketch)||"Roseanne & Tom Arnold/Red Hot Chili Peppers" (Season 17, Episode 14)|
|1993||Saturday Night Live||Marilyn Monroe (opening intro), Musical Guest (Herself)||"Harvey Keitel/Madonna" (Season 18, Episode 11)|
|2003||Will & Grace||Liz||"Dolls and Dolls" (Season 5, Episode 21)|
|2009||Saturday Night Live||Herself ("Deep House Dish" sketch)||"Ryan Reynolds/Lady Gaga" (Season 35, Episode 2, uncredited)|
In 1986 Madonna appeared in a workshop of Goose and TomTom written by David Rabe and directed by Gregory Mosher, Madonna played "Gum chewing gun moll" Lorraine and starred along her then-husband Sean Penn and Harvey Keitel.
In 1988 Madonna made her Broadway debut in David Mamet's Speed-the-Plow, which was nominated for a Tony Award for Best Play. While generally receiving negative notes, the New York Times congratulated her for the "intelligent, scrupulously disciplined comic acting."
In 2002, she made a London West End theatre debut in a version of Australian plawright David Williamson's play Up For Grabs. The setting was relocated from Sydney to New York. Generally criticised for her lack of technical ability, a critic used in his review a line from the play: "If you think a big marketing budget will sell any old junk, you'd be wrong. It's got to be quality junk".
Directing and producing
This is a list of features directed by Madonna. She began directing in 2007 with the TV commercial campaign for her fashion collection M by Madonna for H&M. Her most recent venture is the 2011 motion picture W.E. which was nominated for two Golden Globe Awards.
|2007||M by Madonna||TV commercial||H&M||advertisement for the H&M collection designed by Madonna. Includes the song "Purdy" by William Orbit|
|2008||Filth and Wisdom||Motion picture||Semtex Films, HSI London||Debut feature "short-film", starring Eugene Hutz and featuring the music of his band Gogol Bordello|
|2010||Miu Miu 2010||TV commercial||Miu Miu||Madonna accidentally directed the Autumn/Winter commercial after turning up on set to meet the photographers. It stars models Lindsey Wixson, Siri Tollerød, Ginta Lapina, and Daphne Groeneveld|
|2011||W.E.||Motion picture||Semtex Films, The Weinstein Company, StudioCanal||Debut motion picture, starring Andrea Riseborough as Wallis Simpson and James D'Arcy as King Edward VIII.|
|1989||"Express Yourself"||Music video||Propaganda Films||Producer; music video for the 1989 single, directed by David Fincher|
|1991||Truth or Dare (aka In Bed with Madonna)||Documentary film||Boy Toy Inc., Propaganda Films||Executive Producer; documentary following the 1990 Blond Ambition World Tour|
|1992||Sex||Documentary film||Baron & Baron Inc., Maverick||Executive Producer; documentary footage filmed during the making of the book shown at the release party. Footage was later used in the "Erotica" music video|
|2001||Madonna: Live! The Drowned World Tour||Concert TV special, music video release||Cream Cheese Films, Tadpole Films||Executive Producer and Concept; filmed during the Drowned World Tour.|
|2003||Agent Cody Banks||Motion picture||Splendid Pictures, Maverick Films, Dylan Sellers Productions||Executive Producer|
|2004||Agent Cody Banks 2: Destination London||Motion picture||Splendid Pictures, Maverick Films, Dylan Sellers Productions||Executive Producer|
|2004||30 Days Until I'm Famous||TV motion picture||Screenvest P4 Produktions||Executive Producer|
|2005||I'm Going to Tell You a Secret||Documentary||Maverick Films, River Road Entertainment, Lucky Lou Productions||Executive Producer; filmed during the 2004 Re-Invention World Tour and directed by Jonas Åkerlund|
|2006||Madonna: The Confessions Tour Live from London||Concert TV special, music video release||Semtex Films||Executive Producer; filmed during the 2006 Confessions Tour and directed by Jonas Åkerlund|
|2008||Alyx||TV motion picture||Maverick Films||Executive Producer; produced for ABC and starring Marla Sokoloff|
|2008||Filth and Wisdom||Motion picture||Semtex Films, HSI London||Executive Producer; Debut feature "short-film", starring Eugene Hutz and featuring the music of his band Gogol Bordello|
|2008||I Am Because We Are||Documentary film||Semtex Films, HSI London||Executive Producer, writer and narrator; directed by Nathan Rissman|
|2009||Madonna: Sticky & Sweet Tour||Concert TV special, music video release||Semtex Films||Executive Producer; filmed during the 2008 leg of the Sticky & Sweet Tour and directed by Nick Wickham and Nathan Rissman|
|2011||W.E.||Motion picture||Semtex Films||Producer, writer and director; Debut motion picture|
|2013||Madonna: The MDNA Tour||Concert TV special, music video release||Semtex Films||Producer, Exceutive Producer, Editor; filmed during the 2012 MDNA Tour, directed by Danny B. Tull and Stephane Sennour.|
In 1991, Madonna released her first documentary Madonna: Truth or Dare (named In Bed With Madonna outside North America). Directed by Alek Keshishian, the film followed Madonna on her 1990 Blond Ambition World Tour. It featured black and white backstage scenes and live performances filmed in color. The documentary was released in North America by Miramax Films and grossed more than $15 million in the U.S. alone. While criticized for being manufactured, the film offered insights into Madonna's relationship with then-boyfriend Warren Beatty and showed her admitting that ex-husband Sean Penn was the love of her life. Madonna deeply dislikes the title of In Bed With Madonna and has expressed in interviews that it is a "stupid title". The original title of the documentary was "Truth or Dare: On The Road, Behind The Scenes and In Bed With Madonna".
In 1992, behind the scenes footage was filmed by Fabien Baron during the making of the book Sex. This footage was shown at the launch party of the book, and has since been leaking on the internet. It includes many of the images used in the "Erotica" music video accompanied by 1920s music. It was handed out to 100 special guests at the launch and is listed on www.imdb.com as a documentary. It is sometimes known as The Making of Sex.
In 2005, a short internet documentary Confessions on a Promo Tour was created to promote the release of the album Confessions on a Dance Floor. It featured behind-the-scenes footage of the rehearsals for the Hung Up Promo Tour. The documentary was produced by HSI, Exposure Films and Cheeky Boy Films. It was directed by Dan Cadan, produced by Melissa Thomas and executive produced by Nicola Doring.
Later that year, Madonna released her second full-length documentary, I'm Going to Tell You a Secret, followed her and her family on the 2004 Re-Invention World Tour in 2004. Directed by long-time collaborator Jonas Åkerlund, it premiered commercial free on MTV in the US on October 21, 2005. It was released on DVD June 20, 2006 with a bonus audio CD.
In 2006, a second short internet documentary Confessions Tour: Behind the Scenes was created for the Confessions Tour website. It featured behind-the-scenes footage from the tour and rehearsals. The film was later released as an extra on the 2007 DVD and live album release The Confessions Tour.
Later that year, Madonna announced that she was funding a documentary about Malawi and it was through viewing this footage that she first saw David Banda, whom she has since adopted. The film is called I Am Because We Are and was released in 2008, directed by Nathan Rissman and produced, narrated and starring Madonna.
In 2010, Madonna released the DVD and live album Sticky & Sweet Tour which included the bonus feature, Sticky & Sweet World Tour - Behind the Scenes, a short documentary shot in 2008 on the Sticky & Sweet Tour and included rehearsals and backstage footage, including scenes with Pharrell Williams, Justin Timberlake and Timbaland on stage. The short was directed by Nathan Rissman.
|1991||Truth or Dare (aka In Bed With Madonna)||Alek Keshishian||Boy Toy, Inc., Miramax Films, Dino de Laurentiis||
|2005||I'm Going to Tell You a Secret||Jonas Åkerlund||Maverick Films, River Road Entertainment, Lucky Lou Productions||
|2008||I Am Because We Are||Nathan Rissman||Semtex Films, HSI||
|1992||Sex||Fabien Baron||Baron & Baron, Inc.|
|2005||Confessions on a Promo Tour||David Cadan||HSI, Exposure Films, Cheeky Boy Films|
|2006||Confessions Tour: Behind the Scenes||Nathan Rissman||Semtex Films|
|2010||Sticky & Sweet World Tour - Behind the Scenes||Nathan Rissman||Semtex Films, HSI|
|2012||Inside the DNA of MDNA||Stéphane Sennour||Semtex Films, Domyprod|
Madonna has starred in various international television commercials (see below), as well as high profile print advertising for Versace clothing (1995, 2005), Ebel watches (1998), H&M clothing (featuring the crew from her Confessions Tour, 2006), Louis Vuitton bags (2009) and Dolce & Gabbana (2010).
|1986–87||Mitsubishi||Hi-Fi systems/VHS recorders||4||Madonna dances in each video||"True Blue" "La Isla Bonita", "Causing a Commotion" and "Spotlight"||Japan|
|1989||Pepsi-cola||soft drink beverage||1||"Make a wish", childhood birthday part; withdrawn after "Like a Prayer" music video controversy||"Like a Prayer"||International|
|1989–91||Elleseine (エルセーヌ)||beauty treatments/products||2||"Pure Madonna"; Madonna with baby and "Elephant"; Madonna showgirl with circus elephant||"Spanish Eyes" and "Rescue Me"||Japan|
|1990||Rock the Vote||American elections 1990||1||Madonna dressed in American flag and underwear with two back-up dancers||"Vogue"||United States|
|1995||Takara Shuzo||Shochu rice beverage||2||"I'm Pure" and "I'm Still Pure"; Samurai Madonna, Japanese Mythology||"Broken" (unreleased Madonna song)||Japan|
|1999||Max Factor||cosmetics||3||"Max Factor Gold"; Madonna getting her make-up done||"Ray of Light"||International|
|2001||Microsoft Windows XP||computer operating system||1||everyday life; song only used - Madonna did not star||"Ray of Light"||International|
|2001||BMW||automobiles||1||The Hire: Star short film for BMWfilms.com; directed by Guy Ritchie, co-starring Clive Owen||"Song 2" by Blur||International|
|2003||Gap||clothing||1||"A New Groove, A New Jean"; break-dancing, jeans; starring with Missy Elliott||"Into the Hollywood Groove"||International|
|2003||Estée Lauder||fragrance||1||"Beyond Paradise" cross-promoted with the "Love Profusion" single; directed by Luc Besson; nature, flowers||"Love Profusion"||International|
|2005||Motorola||Motorola ROKR E1 with iTunes phone||1||"Phone Booth" musicians fitting into a phone booth; co-starring Iggy Pop and Little Richard||"Hung Up"||International|
|2007||H&M||clothing range||3||"M by Madonna"; finding the "It" in fashion; directed by Madonna||"Purdy" by William Orbit||International|
|2007||Brillia Mare Ariake||apartment complex||2||nature, family, construction; "Beyond Borders" and "Think Family" directed by Steven Klein||none||Japan|
|2008||Sunsilk||Hair care products||2||animation of images and videos of Madonna||"Ray of Light" and "4 Minutes"||United States|
|2010||Dolce & Gabbana||MDG Sunglasses||1||Madonna with a young man wearing MDG sunglasses||"Revolver"||Internet|
|2012||Truth or Dare by Madonna||fragrance||1||Madonna wearing S&M mask and underwear||"Girl Gone Wild" (Offer Nissim Remix)||International|
|1987||Who's That Girl: Live in Japan||Egbert van Hees||Japan||unknown||
|Madonna in Concerto||Mitchell Sinoway||Italy||Rai Uno|
|1990||Blond Ambition Japan Tour 90||Mark "Aldo" Miceli||Japan||unknown||
|Madonna - Live! Blond Ambition World Tour 90||David Mallet, Mark "Aldo" Miceli||United Kingdom||Sky Movies|
|Madonna - Live! Blond Ambition World Tour 90||David Mallet||United States||HBO|
|1993||Madonna Live in Japan 1993: The Girlie Show||Mark "Aldo" Miceli||Japan||unknown||
|Madonna Live Down Under: The Girlie Show||Mark "Aldo" Miceli||United States||HBO|
|2000||Madonna: MSN Live! World Exclusive||Unknown||Worldwide||MSN|
|2001||Madonna Live! Drowned World Tour 2001||Hamish Hamilton||United States||HBO|
|2004||Madonna: Get Up Lisbon! - Re-Invention World Tour||Hamish Hamilton||Unbroadcast||Unbroadcast||
|2005||Madonna: Network LIVE||Unknown||Worldwide||AOL, XM Satellite Radio, AEG||
|2006||Madonna: The Confessions Tour Live from London||Jonas Åkerlund||United States||NBC|
|2008||Madonna: Live from Roseland Ballroom in New York||Christian Lamb||Worldwide||MSN|
|Madonna at Radio 1's Big Weekend||Christian Lamb||United Kingdom||BBC One||
|2009||Madonna: Sticky & Sweet Tour||Nick Wickham, Nathan Rissman||United Kingdom, United States||Sky1, Epix||
|2012||MDNA: Live a l'Olympia||Stéphane Sennour, Danny Tull||Worldwide||YouTube|
|2013||Madonna: The MDNA Tour||Stéphane Sennour, Danny Tull||United States||Epix|
- Box Office Mojo - Desperately Seeking Susan.
- Boxing Helena news: Jennifer Lynch tells us about her new film and casting Madonna in the lead role December 07, 1990
- EW.com Boxing Helena experiences star dropouts, Director Jennifer Lynch loses Madonna, Kim Basinger, but gains Sherilyn Fenn Retrieved on May 22, 1992
- The Making of Evita], Alan Parker with an introduction by Madonna, Boxtree, 1997. ISBN 0-7522-2497-2. Paperback edition. Pp. 13–16.
- IMDB "Madonna Lends Her Voice to New Besson Movie", October 2005. Retrieved 11 May 2006.
- "Madonna to star in West End". BBC News. February 28, 2002.
- "Theatre's soul is up for grabs". The Sydney Morning Herald. May 21, 2002.
- Billington, Michael (May 24, 2002). "Up for Grabs, Wyndham's Theatre, London". The Guardian (London).
- Online Review London - Up For Grabs
- Billboard Staff (2011-12-15). "Madonna's 'W.E.' Lands 2 Golden Globe Nominations". Billboard (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved 2011-12-15.
- Madonna directed Mui Mui film news: Madonna accidentally ends up directing a TV commercial August 24, 2010
- "Business Data for Madonna: Truth or Dare", March 8, 2006. Retrieved May 17, 2006.
- "Madonna: Who's That Girl Live in Japan (1987) (V)". Internet Movie Database. 2009-05-01. Retrieved 2010-07-15.
- Metz & Benson 1999, p. 321
- "HBO To Air Madonna Live -- Again". Madonna Official Website (Madonna.com). 2001-05-24. Retrieved 2011-12-25.
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- "Network LIVE Presents Madonna Live From KoKo's in London on November 15 With Simultaneous Worldwide Broadcast". PR Newswire. 2005-11-09. Retrieved 2013-01-20.
- Bellafonte, Ginia (2006-11-24). "Listen for the Music, Look for the Muscles". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Retrieved 2009-10-16.
- Cohen, Jonathan (2008-04-15). "Madonna Plots NYC Webcast, Social Network". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media, Inc). Retrieved 2010-05-04.
- "Madonna at Radio 1's Big Weekend". BBC. Retrieved 2013-01-20.
- Reporter, Herald (2008-05-13). "Madonna shocks Radio 1 crowd with swear words and demands". Herald Sun (The Herald and Weekly Times). Retrieved 2008-07-29.
- Reporter, Press (2009-10-06). "Madonna`s "Sticky & Sweet" Concert to Premiere on EPIX". Reuters (Thomson Reuters). Retrieved 2009-11-09.
- Reporter, Sun (2009-06-15). "Madonna lands Sky deal". The Sun (London: News Corporation). Retrieved 2009-11-08.
- "Madonna - Live à l'Olympia". Domyprod.com. 2. Retrieved 27 December 2012.
- Madonna (6 August 2012). Madonna Live At Paris Olympia 2012 OFFICIAL HD Director's Cut Full Show (Live Web Stream). L'Olympia, Paris, France: YouTube. Archived from the original on 17 September 2012. Retrieved 17 September 2012.