Lilium candidum (popularly known as the Madonna Lily) is a plant in true lilies. It is native to Greece, the western Balkans and the Middle East, and naturalized in other parts of Europe (France, Italy, Ukraine, etc.) as well as in North Africa, the Canary Islands, Mexico, and other places. It forms bulbs at ground level, and unlike other lilies, has a basal rosette of leaves through the winter, which die back in summer. A leafy flower stem, typically up to 1.2 metres (3 ft 11 in) high, sometimes up to 2 metres (6 ft 7 in) high, emerges in late spring and bears fragrant flowers in summer. Flowers are white, flushed yellow at the base.
Madonna Lilies in art and culture
There are translations of the Bible that identify the Hebrew word Shoshannah as 'lily' in Song of Songs ("As the lily among thorns, so is my love among the daughters." Song of Songs 2:2 (KJV)), not as a rose as is customary to translate. For example, Abraham ibn Ezra describes it as a white flower, which has a good fragrance, and has a six-petal flower and six stamens. But its identity is uncertain, because it does not fit with the description as "the lily of the valleys", because mostly it grows in the mountains. [clarification needed]
- Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
- Altervista Flora Italiana, Giglio bianco di S. Antonio, Madonna lily, Lilium candidum L.
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- The European Garden Flora (1986)
- Garden Bulbs for the South (1994)
- Lilium candidum on Plants Database
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