The videography of American singer-songwriter Madonna consists of sixty-seven music videos, nine concert tour videos, four music video compilations, four music video singles, two documentaries, two box sets and four promotional videos. In 1982 Madonna signed a recording contract with Sire Records, a label owned by Warner Bros. Records, and released her first two singles before launching her eponymous debut album. Madonna's first music video was for the single "Everybody", for which Sire Records created a low budget, in-house video. Her first video to receive attention on MTV was "Borderline" which was followed by "Lucky Star". In 1984 Madonna released "Like a Virgin", the lead single from her second album of the same name. The video portrayed Madonna roaming through the streets of Venice and lying in a white wedding dress. The same year she also released the follow-up single, "Material Girl". Madonna's third studio album, True Blue, was released in 1986. The video for the lead single, "Live to Tell", ushered in a new image for Madonna. With the video of "True Blue", Madonna's impact on MTV and popular music was established when a contest entitled Making My Video, was held to create a music video for the song. "La Isla Bonita" and "Who's That Girl", both released in 1987, portrayed Madonna's fascination with Hispanic culture and the inclusion of religious symbolism. In 1989 Madonna signed a $5 million deal with Pepsi to use her song "Like a Prayer" in one of their commercial advertisements. Madonna also wanted to use the commercial for the global debut of the song and her similar titled studio album. However, when Madonna released the actual music video of the song it faced strong reaction from religious groups and media. The video portrayed Madonna dancing in front of burning crosses, receiving stigmata, kissing a black saint and having sex with him in a church altar. Her other notable videos released that year included "Express Yourself" and "Cherish" which were critically appreciated for their positive feminist themes.
Madonna has worked with many successful directors and produced music videos that are considered by some as works of art. Her videos have depicted controversial subjects such as teen pregnancy, racism, religion, sex, and violence. In their book, The Madonna Companion: Two Decades of Commentary, authors Allen Metz and Carol Benson stated that more than any other recent pop star, Madonna has used MTV and music videos to establish her popularity and to enhance her recorded work. According to them:
"It's hard to imagine discussing many of her songs without discussing any of the related videos. Most of the controversy surrounding her most-discussed songs, notably "Like a Prayer", has to do with the video images created to promote the song, rather than the song itself. In fact, many of her seem more significant than they are because of the impact of the accompanying videos."
Madonna has been honored with 20 MTV Video Music Awards—the most for any artist—including the lifetime achievement "Video Vanguard Award" in 1986. In 2003, MTV named her "The Greatest Music Video Star Ever" and said that "Madonna's innovation, creativity and contribution to the music video art form is what won her the award."
The video portrays Madonna in her boy-toy image, dancing in front of a white background, flanked by two dancers. One of the dancers, is her brother, Christopher Ciccone, as it says so in his book, "Life With My Sister Madonna."
In the video, Madonna roams around the streets of Venice and through marble-pillared rooms wearing a white wedding dress; this clip is interspersed by images of a lion and a man wearing a lion mask. It faced negative reaction from family organizations and social workers, who complained that it promoted sex outside marriage and undermined family values, offering an unsavory image of Madonna as a whore.
The video portrays Madonna with a new pale and subtle look, her shoulder-length hair is wavy and golden blond. She gets rid of her junk jewellery and adopts a pale make-up look with shoulder-length golden locks. Footage from the movie At Close Range is interspersed, with Madonna appearing to speak for the character.
In this video, Madonna adopts the gamine look portrayed by Shirley MacLaine and Audrey Hepburn during the 1950s. She portrays a tomboy who wants to tell her father about her pregnancy. Interspersed with scenes of a sexier Madonna with a toned body, wearing a black bustier.
The American version from MTV's Make My Video Contest was directed by Ángel Gracia and Cliff Guest, where Madonna does not appear. The international release directed by Foley portrays Madonna and her friends in an all-blue diner.
The video pays homage to actresses Liza Minnelli and Marlene Dietrich. Madonna plays an exotic dancer in a peep-show club who befriends a little boy and escapes from there. The video was negatively criticised, because it portrays the entry of a child in a strip club.
Madonna plays a woman living in a Spanish barrio. She portrays two characters: a boyishly-dressed Catholic woman and a colorful Flamenco dancer. The video portrays Madonna's fascination with Hispanic culture and the inclusion of religious symbolism.
The video portrays Madonna to be a witness of an interracial murder and goes to pray in a church. Various scenes like Madonna kissing a black saint, receiving stigmata, scantily dressed and dancing in front of burning crosses are shown. In the end, she helps to free the man who is falsely accused of murder. Religious groups protested that the video was a blasphemous use of Christian imagery. The Pope banned Madonna from appearing in Italy and urged a national boycott of Pepsi. The latter withdrew their contract with Madonna while letting her keep the $5 million.
Inspired by the film Metropolis, the video portrays Madonna as the leader of a company, and later as a glamorous lady and chained masochist. Muscular men act as her workers. In the end, Madonna picks one of them to be her date. The music video for "Express Yourself" was the most expensive video at the time of its release with production cost of $5 million. The audio used in the original video is the Shep Pettibone remix instead of the original album version.
A black-and-white video portraying the death scene of a young mother and the tempestuous relationship that ensues between the husband and the daughter. Years later Madonna, as the grown-up daughter, reconciles with the father at the woman's grave.
Black-and-white video recreating the glamorous look of old Hollywood with men in suits and Madonna dressed in gowns. It also displays the dance form called vogue. The video was praised for making the sex and gender roles ambiguous in its portrayal of people, and for bringing an underground culture in the mainstream limelight.
Black-and-white video portraying Madonna coming to a hotel room to satisfy her sexual fantasy. Scenes of sadomasochism, voyeurism and bisexuality are also portrayed. Critics were polarized over the video's content with some of them applauding Madonna's boldness while others took the brazenness of the video negatively. Madonna called the video "a celebration of sex". She released the video as a video single and it went on to become the best-selling music video single of all time, earning a four-times platinum certification from the Recording Industry Association of America.
The video is a walkthrough of memories. While Madonna melancholically sings about the old days, the viewer flips through a photo album which feature moving images of a singing Madonna as well as images from the movie A League of Their Own.
Madonna is portrayed as a masked dominatrix with a golden tooth and a whip. Montages of sexual imagery are shown that are shot during the photography of Madonna's Sex book. It is a montage of sexually charged images, designed to shock the audience. MTV put the video into heavy rotation, but only after midnight.
Madonna portrays WarholprotégéEdie Sedgwick. She goes to a disco and looks for something which ends with a man releasing the balloons she is carrying. Interspersed with scenes of Madonna being photographed and she and her friends watching a man dancing in underwear.
The video portrays Madonna as a Balinese idol with red hair and another shot of her being silver painted. Interspersed with scenes of a man in thongs, his body painted gold. The audio used in the original video is the "Edit One" remix instead of the original album version.
The video portrays Madonna with short cropped, black hair, recording the song in a studio. Interspersed with scenes of Madonna kissing a man behind a glass on which water falls. Critical appreciation came for the music video, whose technical brilliance was awarded at the 1993 MTV Video Music Awards.
A surreal dream sequence arising from some sort of controlled experiment on a prostrate Madonna, lying in a blue spaceship-like room. The production cost of the video was $5 million, making it one of the costliest videos. The video was honored as a permanent collection in New York's Museum of Modern Art in 1996.
Sequel to the music video of "Take a Bow". Madonna leaves the bullfighter but he still chases her around the world. Ultimately she sets herself free from him. The video for the Spanish version of the song, "Verás", intercalates scenes from "You'll See" with footage of Madonna recording the Spanish version of the song.
An all-blue video shot in the middle of Mojave Desert. Dressed in black clothing from head to foot, her long hair colored black and straight and mehndi on her hands, Madonna portrays a mystical creature and a witchy persona who sometimes turns into a dog, sometimes into a bird and sometimes levitates from the ground.
A high-speed video, showing ordinary people doing their daily routines. In between Madonna, dressed in casual jeans and flowing golden hair, dances to the song, ultimately falling asleep on a dance floor. It won the Video of the Year award at the 1998 MTV Video Music Awards.
Madonna and her friends board a limousine which takes them to a strip-club and disco. The strippers are brought over in the limousine by Madonna and her friends. An animated section is present where Madonna fights with some goons.
Madonna picks up an old woman from an old-age home and speeds down the streets with her in a car. While driving she commits a number of crimes, including theft, destruction of property and murder. The video was banned in the United States for being too violent. The audio used in the video is the Above & Beyond remix instead of the original album version.
Features a heavily-beat-up Madonna being brought to be executed in a gas chamber. Interspersed with scenes of a white-dressed and black-dressed Madonna sword fighting. In the end Madonna escapes from the execution. The former's video was the second most expensive video, production cost being around $6 million.
Original video showed Madonna among military-garbed models at a fashion show. Interspersed with shots of the catwalk was footage of explosions and planes dropping bombs. The video ends with Madonna throwing what appears to be a grenade into the lap of a George W. Bush lookalike. Madonna had initially claimed that the video was non-specific and anti-war. However, before its premiere on music channels in March 2003, Madonna cancelled the release and issued a statement saying that, "I do not believe that it is appropriate to air it [the video] at this time. Due to the volatile state of the world and out of sensitivity and respect for the armed forces, who I support and pray for, I do not want to risk offending anyone who might misinterpret the meaning of this video." Because of this, Madonna released the edited version of the video that features her singing in front of the world's flags.
Britney Spears and Madonna are shown in a club, playing opposite characters with Britney in the dark and Madonna in the white. A cat-and-mouse like chase ensues; Spears catches up to Madonna in the end.
The video portrays Madonna clad in a pink leotard dancing alone in a ballet studio and concludes at a gaming parlour where she dances with her backup troupe. Interspersed are scenes of people displaying their dancing skills in a variety of settings.
A simple dance video featuring Madonna and her dancers doing the popping and locking style of dancing against black-and-white backgrounds. The audio used in the video is the Benny Benassi remix instead of the original album version.
The video shows Nicki Minaj and M.I.A (who are featured in the song), in cheerleader outfits cheering on Madonna, who is in a black sexy outfit for most of the video. It then leads into a scene where Madonna, Minaj, and M.I.A are all dressed as Marilyn Monroe.
The black-and-white video opens with Madonna with a retro-glam look, followed by scenes of her against a stark white background, erotic scenes with shirtless / nude male models (Sean O'Pry, Simon Nessman, Jon Kortajarena), and a dance sequence with heeled male dancers (Kazaky).
Contains the TV special of the same name, recorded during the Who's That Girl World Tour live from Tokyo, Japan, 1987. It was a Japan-only release and was used as a cross-promotion for Mitsubishi Electronics, as Madonna had starred in television commercials in that country.
Contains a date filmed on the Who's That Girl World Tour live from Italy in 1987, which was originally broadcast as a TV special entitled Madonna in Concerto. It was certified two-times platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America for shipment of 200,000 units in the United States. The video opening sequence credits the title as Madonna: Ciao, Italia! Live from Italy.
Blond Ambition: Japan Tour 90
Released: July 1990
Studio: Music Guide, Inc.
Label: Warner-Pioneer Japan
Format: VHS · Laserdisc
Contains the TV special from Blond Ambition World Tour, shot live from Yokohama, Japan in 1990. It was broadcast and released commercially in Japan only.
Contains the Confessions Tour, shot live from London, England, in 2006. Debuted at fifteen on the Billboard 200 on the issue dated February 2, 2007. The DVD release contained the short documentary Confessions on a Dancefloor: Behind the Scenes.
Format: 2CD · DVD · DVD+2CD · Blu-ray · Digital download
Contains the concert special originally to air on Epix in the United States on June 22, 2013. It features the November 19 and 20, 2012, shows at the American Airlines Arena in Miami, but also will include footage from other concert dates. The show was directed by Danny B. Tull and Stephane Sennour and produced by Madonna.
Documentary following the 1990 Blond Ambition World Tour. Includes live performances of "Express Yourself", "Oh Father", "Like a Virgin", "Live to Tell", "Holiday", "Vogue" and "Keep It Together". In 1992, the VHS was re-released in the United States with two additional live videos of "Like a Prayer" and "Hanky Panky", which played after the end credits. In the UK an additional VHS "15" certificate, edited version of In Bed with Madonna was released in November 1991, to allow younger teenagers to watch it. A Blu-ray version of the film was released in North America on April 3, 2012. It was certified gold by the British Phonographic Industry for shipment of 25,000 units in the United Kingdom.
Documentary following the 2004 Re-Invention World Tour, originally broadcast by MTV on October 21, 2005. The DVD release included an extra six minutes footage and it also included a live CD album. The album debuted at number 33 on the Billboard 200 and was nominated for a Grammy Award at the Grammy Awards of 2007 show in the category Best Long Form Music Video. It was certified gold by the British Phonographic Industry for shipment of 25,000 units in the United Kingdom.
Includes the music videos of "Burning Up", "Lucky Star", "Borderline" and "Like a Virgin". Was the top-selling music video cassette of 1985. Was certified two times platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America for shipment of 100,000 units in the United States.
Promotional music videos from 1983 to 1990. Includes "Lucky Star", "Borderline", "Like a Virgin", "Material Girl", "Papa Don't Preach", "Open Your Heart", "La Isla Bonita", "Like a Prayer", "Express Yourself", "Cherish", "Oh Father", "Vogue" and its live performance from the 1990 MTV Video Music Awards. It was certified platinum by the British Phonographic Industry for shipment of 50,000 units in the United Kingdom, and three times platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America for shipment of 300,000 copies.
Promotional music videos from 1993 to 1999. Includes "Bad Girl", "Fever", "Rain", "Secret", "Take a Bow", "Bedtime Story", "Human Nature", "Love Don't Live Here Anymore", "Frozen", "Ray of Light", "Drowned World", "Power of Goodbye", "Nothing Really Matters" and "Beautiful Stranger". It was certified two-times platinum by the British Phonographic Industry for shipment of 100,000 units in the United Kingdom, and platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America for shipment of 100,000 units in the United States.
UK-only 14 track promotional instore compilation "to commemorate the 1987 World Tour", created by WEA Records UK and issued to record shop retailers. Includes the music videos: "Holiday" (1984 Top of the Pops performance), "Lucky Star", "Like a Virgin", "Material Girl", "Into the Groove", "Angel", "Dress You Up" (Live), "Borderline", "Live to Tell" (Original version with gun-scene), "Papa Don't Preach", "True Blue" (Remix), "Open Your Heart" (Remix), "La Isla Bonita" (Remix) and "Who's That Girl".
UK-only 18 track promotional instore compilation to promote the 1990 Blond Ambition World Tour, created by WEA Records UK and issued to record shop retailers. Includes the music videos: "Like a Virgin", "Material Girl", "Into the Groove", "Angel", "Dress You Up" (Live), "Borderline" (Edit), "Live to Tell" (Edit without gun-scene), "Papa Don't Preach", "True Blue", "Open Your Heart" (Remix), "La Isla Bonita" (Remix), "Who's That Girl", "Causing a Commotion" (Live from Italy), "Like a Prayer", "Express Yourself", "Cherish", "Dear Jessie" and "Vogue". A 20-track cassette version was also issued.
UK-only promotional instore compilation which includes all the music videos to all five singles from the album Ray of Light. All five videos were later included on the 1999 compilation The Video Collection 93:99.
UK-only promotional instore video including "Music" (Dan-O-Rama Remix) music video to promote GHV2. Artwork also refers to the album being named Greatest Hits – The Second Coming, its original title.
Promotional music video of "Justify My Love" and "Vogue" performed live at the 1990 MTV Video Music Awards. It was certified four times platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America for shipment of 400,000 copies of the single. The video has sold 440,000 copies and is the best-selling music video single of all time.
Promotional music video for "Music". It was certified gold by boththe Recording Industry Association of America and the British Phonographic Industry for shipment of 25,000 copies of the single.