Madras, Oregon

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For the city in India, see Chennai.
Madras, Oregon
City
Elementary school in Madras
Elementary school in Madras
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 44°37′50″N 121°7′45″W / 44.63056°N 121.12917°W / 44.63056; -121.12917Coordinates: 44°37′50″N 121°7′45″W / 44.63056°N 121.12917°W / 44.63056; -121.12917
Country United States
State Oregon
County Jefferson
Incorporated 1911
Government
 • Mayor Melanie Widmer
Area[1]
 • Total 5.02 sq mi (13.00 km2)
 • Land 5.02 sq mi (13.00 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 2,242 ft (683 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 6,046
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 6,351
 • Density 1,204.4/sq mi (465.0/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97741
Area code(s) 541
FIPS code 41-45250[4]
GNIS feature ID 1145724[5]
Website ci.madras.or.us

Madras (/ˈmædrəs/ MAD-res) is a city in Jefferson County, Oregon, United States. Originally called "The Basin" after the circular valley the city is located in, it is unclear as to whether Madras was named in 1903 for the cotton fabric called "Madras" that originated in the Madras (now Chennai) area in India, or from the city of Chennai, then known as "Madras".[6] The population was 6,046 at the 2010 census.[7] It is the county seat of Jefferson County.[8]

History[edit]

Madras was incorporated as a city in 1911. An Army Air Corps base was built nearby during World War II. This airfield now serves as City-County Airport. Homesteads about 5 miles (8 km) north of the city on Agency Plains were based on dryland wheat.

Geography and climate[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.02 square miles (13.00 km2), all of it land.[1]

Climate data for Madras, Oregon (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 41.7
(5.4)
45.8
(7.7)
54.1
(12.3)
60.4
(15.8)
68.4
(20.2)
76.4
(24.7)
85.8
(29.9)
85.5
(29.7)
76.3
(24.6)
62.9
(17.2)
48.7
(9.3)
39.9
(4.4)
62.2
(16.8)
Average low °F (°C) 25.7
(−3.5)
26.9
(−2.8)
30.0
(−1.1)
33.5
(0.8)
39.8
(4.3)
45.6
(7.6)
50.6
(10.3)
50.2
(10.1)
43.8
(6.6)
36.1
(2.3)
30.0
(−1.1)
24.1
(−4.4)
36.4
(2.4)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.54
(39.1)
1.13
(28.7)
0.97
(24.6)
1.10
(27.9)
1.19
(30.2)
0.78
(19.8)
0.53
(13.5)
0.38
(9.7)
0.45
(11.4)
0.81
(20.6)
1.46
(37.1)
1.92
(48.8)
12.26
(311.4)
Snowfall inches (cm) 4.3
(10.9)
2.9
(7.4)
1.1
(2.8)
0.1
(0.3)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
1.5
(3.8)
5.6
(14.2)
15.5
(39.4)
Source: NOAA[9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 364
1920 337 −7.4%
1930 291 −13.6%
1940 412 41.6%
1950 1,258 205.3%
1960 1,515 20.4%
1970 1,689 11.5%
1980 2,235 32.3%
1990 3,443 54.0%
2000 5,078 47.5%
2010 6,046 19.1%
source:[10][11]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 6,046 people, 2,198 households, and 1,430 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,204.4 inhabitants per square mile (465.0/km2). There were 2,569 housing units at an average density of 511.8 per square mile (197.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 66.4% White, 0.7% African American, 6.9% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 19.7% from other races, and 5.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 38.5% of the population.

There were 2,198 households of which 41.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.5% were married couples living together, 15.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.9% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.31.

The median age in the city was 31.2 years. 30.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.1% were from 25 to 44; 21.6% were from 45 to 64; and 10.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.3% male and 50.7% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 5,078 people, 1,801 households, and 1,251 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,326.9 people per square mile (899.4/km²). There were 1,952 housing units at an average density of 894.5 per square mile (345.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 63.55% White, 0.59% African American, 6.14% Native American, 0.55% Asian, 0.35% Pacific Islander, 24.56% from other races, and 4.25% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 35.74% of the population.

There were 1,801 households out of which 41.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.5% were non-families. 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.32.

In the city the population was spread out with 33.1% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 16.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,103, and the median income for a family was $33,275. Males had a median income of $27,656 versus $19,464 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,937. About 15.2% of families and 19.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.3% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over.

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Highway
Rail
Air

In addition to the public City-County Airport, Madras has several private use airports in the area:

Notable people[edit]

Sister city[edit]

Madras has one sister city,[14] as designated by Sister Cities International:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Oregon History Project Subtopic: Pre-Industrial Period: 1870-1910: Pre-Industrial Communities: Madras
  7. ^ "Certified Population Estimates for Oregon's Cities and Towns". Population Research Center. Portland State University. March 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-29. 
  8. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  9. ^ "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 5, 2013. 
  10. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 212.
  11. ^ "Subcounty population estimates: Oregon 2000-2007" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-03-18. Retrieved 2009-04-29. 
  12. ^ http://www.baseball-reference.com/e/ellsbja01.shtml
  13. ^ http://www.people.com/people/archive/article/0,,20106732,00.html
  14. ^ http://www.sister-cities.org/icrc/directory/usa/OR

External links[edit]