|Directed by||Shoojit Sircar|
|Produced by||John Abraham
Viacom 18 Motion Pictures
|Written by||Somnath Dey
Juhi Chaturvedi (dialogue)
|Music by||Shantanu Moitra|
|Editing by||Chandrashekhar Prajapati|
Rising Sun Films
|Distributed by||Viacom 18 Motion Pictures|
|Running time||130 minutes|
|Budget||350 million (US$5.6 million)|
|Box office||426.7 million (US$6.8 million)|
Madras Cafe is a 2013 Indian political espionage thriller film directed by Shoojit Sircar and starring John Abraham, Nargis Fakhri and Rashi Khanna in lead roles. The film is set in the late 1980s and early '90s, during the time of Indian intervention in the Sri Lankan civil war and assassination of former Indian prime minister Rajiv Gandhi.
Madras Cafe was released on August 23, 2013. Box Office India stated the film did average business.
As per John Abraham, "Madras Cafe brings us closer to what changed the political history of India." The film, set in India and Sri Lanka, is a political spy thriller with the backdrop of the Sri Lankan civil war. Major Vikram Singh (John Abraham) is an Indian Army special officer who is appointed by the intelligence agency Research and Analysis Wing to head covert operations in Jaffna shortly after Indian peace-keeping force was forced to withdraw. As he journeys to Sri Lanka with the intention of disrupting the LTTE rebels, he becomes entangled in rebel and military politics. There he meets a British journalist (Jaya Sahni) who wants to reveal the truth about the civil war, and in the process he uncovers a conspiracy to assassinate "a former Indian prime minister", Rajiv Gandhi, through the use of plastic explosives. Although Vikram tries, at 10:10 PM, a LTTE suicide bomber kills Gandhi while bowing down to put a wreath on his neck. 
- John Abraham as Major Vikram Singh (Indian army officer appointed by the Research and Analysis Wing to carry out operations in Jaffna). Singh is fictitious, Sircar said he had "used real references, portrayed rebel groups, revolutionary freedom fighters, Indian Peace Keeping Forces and shown how India got involved and the chaos". "I didn't want to make glitzy thriller like Ek Tha Tiger or Agent Vinod, which seem inspired by the James Bond template. I want to show that intelligence officers are ordinary people who live amongst us. It is only that they have to solve issues where national security is at stake," says Sircar. Sircar says he needed an actor who can easily get lost in the crowd but with John Abraham it seems next to impossible. "The role also requires a certain level of physicality and John Abraham has worked for the role. I agree this is a new territory for him but I think he has pitched it right. Let's see how the audiences take him."
- Nargis Fakhri as Jaya Sahni (a British war correspondent in Sri Lanka, inspired by many war correspondents, including Anita Pratap) As for Fakhri, Sircar says her voice has not been dubbed. "Nargis Fakhri is playing a foreign war correspondent. I needed a girl who looks Indian journalist but has an accent so there is no chance that audience will remember her Rockstar performance while watching Madras Café. She will converse in English and she is familiar with the language," says Sircar.
- Rashi Khanna as Ruby Singh, wife of Singh
- Siddhartha Basu as Robin Dutt (RD), chief of Research and Analysis Wing. He is Major Singh’s mentor and appoints him to take sole responsibility of executing the covert operations in Sri Lanka
- Ajay Rathnam as Anna Bhaskaran, the leader of the fictional LTF rebels. The character closely resembles the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam leader Velupillai Prabhakaran.
- Prakash Belawadi as Bala, Major Vikram Singh's superior in Jaffna. Due to his long stint in Sri Lanka, Bala is the only one who has first-hand information on the reality of the situation. As Major Singh arrives to execute his covert operation, Bala and his team helps him to get access to locations and people who are crucial to make the operation successful. Bala was inspired by a real life R&AW mole known as KV Unnikrishnan. KV Unnikrishnan, the agency's station chief in Chennai in 1987 was honey trapped by the CIA. The US spy service threatened to reveal Unnikrishnan's compromising photographs with an air hostess to force him to cooperate.
- Tinu Menachery as a Tamil rebel
- Agnello Dias as a Sri Lankan minister
- Piyush Pandey as the Cabinet Secretary of India
- Dibang as a former intelligence officer
- Leena Maria Paul as a Tamil rebel
Production and development
“If I would have gone with this script to anyone else, they would have rejected it because of the kind of sensitivity the subject has. I don’t want to name them, but three of them have already done it. Nobody was ready to produce the film... it’s very daring of John Abraham and Viacom 18 Motion Pictures to back up this project,” director Sircar told the press after the release of the film. John Abraham said that director Shoojit Sircar narrated the script of Madras Cafe to him in 2006 but could not get around to begin it. "After our last film together, we decided to get back to doing where we started off from. That's the story behind Madras Cafe," he said.
Sircar stated, "The film is a work of fiction, but it is based on research into real events, it has a resemblance to actual political events, dealing with civil war and the ideology of a rebel group."
The film was initially titled Jaffna after the northern Sri Lankan city. It was renamed Madras Cafe, as the plot to kill Gandhi was hatched at the cafe. The original location of the cafe is not specified in the film.
John Abraham, the lead actor and one of the producers of the film, plays Vikram Singh, a military officer who is sent to Jaffna to head RAW's covert operations. "I had to lose a lot of muscle because these officers look like regular people. When they are in a crowd, they are completely inconspicuous," says Abraham. Commenting on remarks comparing his look to Tom Hanks in Cast Away, he said: "Deciding on my look for the movie was quite challenging. It took lot of brain storming and we finalized this messy look, which apparently you think is inspired by Tom Hanks, but actually it's not."
American model-turned-actor Nargis Fakhri was cast to play Jaya Sahni, a British journalist in Jaffna. For the role of foreign war correspondent, Nargis Fakhri was chosen because the director required "a girl who looked Indian but had an British accent." Thus this was the first film where her voice was not dubbed. Shoojit Sircar contacted model Sheetal Mallar for the film, but as things did not work out, newcomer Rashi Khanna was signed for the role, marking her debut. The cast also included a number of non-professional actors, such as quiz master Siddharth Basu, filmmaker Prakash Belawadi and journalist Dibang.
Location and sets
Madras Cafe was shot in Malaysia, Thailand, London and India. The Sri Lankan scenes of the film were shot in India, where the city of Jaffna and large parts of inner Sri Lanka were recreated. "We knew we couldn't shoot this in Sri Lanka, so we shot most of it in Tamil Nadu and Kerala and converted it into a war zone. The second part of the film is based in India, which is the politics part," said Sircar. The first schedule of the film was shot extensively in south India. The second schedule was shot in Mumbai, outside India and in and around south India. Several civil war scenes were shot in Bangkok as light machine gun fire was not permitted in India. Real AK-47s, 9mm Berettas and M60s were used, for which special permission was obtained from the local authorities.
The film was released on August 23 in India, the United States and United Arab Emirates. However, it was not released in the United Kingdom and Canada as planned owing to the protests by Tamil diaspora in regards to its depiction of the Tamil rebels, nor in Tamil Nadu where exhibitors feared its release was not worth the risk in regards to the controversy.
The film—particularly the story and direction—impressed most Indian critics. The Times of India called the film political, tense and explosive. The daily praised the film's research, story and "remarkable" cinematography, remarking "Madras Cafe dives boldly into terrain Bollywood hasn't touched before. It highlights India's ambiguous role, moving sensitively, taking no sides, except those of relationships involving respect - but no romance — between Vikram Singh and Jaya Sahni, duty, victory and loss." Reviewing for the Hindustan Times, Anupama Chopra wrote "Madras Café works as an effective portrait of the futility of war. Shoojit Sircar and his writers, Shubhendu Bhattacharya and Somnath Dey, ably illustrate why there are no winners here. Ideologies are marred by corruption and brutality. Death is inevitable and victories, pyrrhic." The Hindu praised director Sircar, saying "For long, Hindi films made us believe that it is only Pakistan that we have to deal with. Shoojit Sircar touches base with Sri Lanka and unravels the complex 'Tamil problem' as many living North of the Vindhyas call it. Keeping the jingoistic flavour aside, he plays the game of shadows as it is played with all its muck and grime. His hint at a larger conspiracy of a syndicate with business interests in the region echoes what Agent Vinod also hinted at, but Sriram Raghavan got carried away with the demands of the box office. Sircar chooses to keep it closer to reality." Baradwaj Rangan later wrote in The Hindu, "Madras Café is not a comforting fantasy. It is the journey of any Indian operative who got wind of the fact that Rajiv Gandhi was going to be assassinated and did his damnedest to prevent it. The journalist in this film, for instance, is not the kind of cardboard cut-out we find in Madhur Bhandarkar and Prakash Jha films, but someone who has to decide between naming a source (and going against the ethics of her profession) and aiding an investigation."
Rajeev Masand of CNN-IBN also praised Sircar, opining "Unlike in the West, it's hard to make films on real-life historical events in India. Political pressures and sensitive groups invariably throw a spanner in the works. Which is why it's commendable what director Shoojit Sircar has undertaken with Madras Café."
The Pakistani newspaper Dawn gave the film a positive review by saying "Shoojit Sircar’s human-drama of politics, rebellion, genocide and spy-games adapts Indian prime minister Rajiv Gandhi’s assassination plot, and the Sri Lankan civil war with sweaty palms and a gawky breakneck pace. And yet, for all its clumsy footing, at times, half-intelligent writing, it is engaging". The daily concludes that "For all its speed and embedded seriousness about global conflict, the nature of war, consequences and international trade, Madras Café's lack of braves turns it into mellow spy-thriller. And trust me, the words “mellow” and “spy-thriller” do not gel."
Although Sircar garnered many rave reviews about his script and direction, John Abraham and actor Nargis Fakhri’s acting skills have not been seen in the same light. "Watching Nargis Fakhri embodying the cliché of a writer hammering away at a typewriter with a cigarette stuck between her lips is a visual joke for the ages." The Hindu wrote in a later analysis, "The Tamil spoken in the film isn’t Sri Lankan Tamil but the language you hear on the streets of Chennai – an odd gaffe for a film filled with so much research."
In September 2013, Abraham's role as a RAW agent won him the "Pride of the Nation" award, given by the Anti-Terrorist Front, for "his attempt to raise the sensitive issue of former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi's assassination". The film was given Ramnath Goenka Memorial Award at 20th Screen Awards in January 2014.
Madras Cafe finished its theatrical run at the box office with average numbers. The film, which ruled the box office in its first week, saw a fall in business in its second week due to the release of Satyagraha. However, the film still fetched 86.3 million (US$1.4 million) in its second week, taking the grand total to 426.7 million (US$6.8 million).
|Soundtrack album to Madras Cafe by Shantanu Moitra|
|Genre||Feature film soundtrack|
|Shantanu Moitra chronology|
|1.||"Sun Le Re"||Ali hayat||Papon||5:11|
|2.||"Ajnabi"||Zebunissa Bangash||Zebunissa Bangash||5:17|
|3.||"Khud Se"||Manoj Tapadia||Papon||4:49|
|4.||"Sun Le Re (Reprise)"||Ali hayat||Papon||3:58|
|5.||"Madras Cafe Theme"||Instrumental||4:04|
|7.||"Entry to Jaffna"||Instrumental||1:06|
||This article's Criticism or Controversy section may compromise the article's neutral point of view of the subject. (January 2014)|
The film's alleged depiction of rebels in the Sri Lankan civil war raised concerns. After the release of the trailer, Tamil political parties Naam Tamilar besides Pattali Makkal Katchi called for a ban on the film, citing that it depicts the members of Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam as terrorists. Seeman stated the heart of the movie is anti-Tamil and Prabhakaran is portrayed as villainous, also remarking that they would stop screenings of the film after a special preview was arranged for pro-Tamil outfits. MDMK party chief Vaiko sought a ban on the movie from the Centre. DMK party chief M Karunanidhi asked the Tamil Nadu government to enquire if the film portrayed Sri Lankan Tamils in a poor light and if so, to take proper action. Replying to the ban demands, John Abraham said while he respects the opinions of everyone, no one is above the Censor board and creativity should not be held on gun point. Mumbai BJP president Ashish Shelar said "the film is an effort to glorify a particular political party and its leaders by demeaning [an]other sect of people. This cannot be permitted", and threatened to stall the release of the film in Mumbai.
The Madurai bench of Madras High Court dismissed a petition to ban the film, although it accepted a similar petition to ban the film in Tamil Nadu—to cancel the clearance certificate by the Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC) and send notices to the director and producers of the film, Tamil Nadu Director General of Police, the chairman of the CBFC. The hearing was posted on August 21. The petition also claimed that Sri Lankan president Mahinda Rajapaksa secretly financed the film to justify the human rights violations during the final stages of the war. Upon hearing the arguments, the court refused to grant an interim injunction to prevent the release of the Hindi version, while noting the Tamil version should not be released without the CBFC's clearance, which was later obtained. It also issued notices to DGP, producer to give a detailed reply on charges by September 3. John Abraham has already refuted claims about Rajapaksa financing the film earlier during a promotional event.
Following protests by the Tamil diaspora in the United Kingdom and negative feedback alleging that the film promoted anti-Tamil prejudices, several theatres in the state chose not to screen the film.
- Assassination of Rajiv Gandhi
- 2009 Tamil diaspora protests
- The Terrorist
- Kannathil Muthamittal
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