Madras State Legislative Assembly election, 1957

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Madras State legislative assembly election, 1957
India
1952 ←
31 March 1957 → 1962

All 205 seats in the Legislature of Madras State
  First party Second party
  C. Rajagopalachari 1948.jpg
Leader K. Kamaraj C. Rajagopalachari
Party INC CRC
Leader's seat Sattur
Seats won 151 13

Chief Minister before election

K. Kamaraj
INC

Chief Minister

K. Kamaraj
INC

The second legislative assembly election to the Madras state (presently Tamil Nadu) was held on 31 March 1957. This was the first election held after the linguistic reorganisation of Madras state in 1954. Indian National Congress and its leader K. Kamaraj won the election, and defeated its rival Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam. In 1954, due to the resignation of C. Rajagopalachari, for his controversial Kula Kalvi Thittam, the leadership of Congress was contested, between K. Kamaraj, and C. Subramaniam (who got the support of M. Bhaktavatsalam). Eventually, K. Kamaraj, won the support of the party, was elected leader and chief minister of Madras State in 1954. In a surprise move, he appointed both M. Bhaktavatsalam and C. Subramaniam, in his cabinet, allowing great unity amongst Congress, that ruled the state of Madras, for the next decade. This election saw future DMK leaders, M. Karunanidhi and K. Anbazhagan winning their first MLA seat in the legislative assembly.[1]

Delimitation and Reorganisation[edit]

On 1 October 1953, a separate Andhra State consisting of the Telugu speaking areas of the composite Madras State was formed and the Kannada speaking area of Bellary District was merged with the then Mysore State. This reduced the strength of the Legislative Assembly to 231.

On 1 November 1956, the States Reorganisation Act 1956 took effect and consequently the constituencies in the erstwhile Malabar district were merged with the Kerala State. This further reduced the strength to 190. The Tamil speaking area of Kerala (present day Kanyakumari district) and Shenkottah taluk were added to Madras State.

According to the new Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order 1956, made by the Delimitation Commission of India under the provisions of the State Reorganisation Act, 1956, the strength of the Madras Legislative Assembly was increased to 205.[2] The 1957 elections were conducted for these 205 seats. In 1959, as result of The Andhra Pradesh and Madras (Alteration of Boundaries) Act 1959, one member from the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly was allotted to Madras increasing its Legislative Assembly strength to 206.[2]

Two Member Constituencies[edit]

Out of the total 167 constituencies in the state, 38 were two member constituencies 37 of which had one reserved for Scheduled caste candidates and 1 for Scheduled tribe candidate.[2] These constituencies were larger in size and had greater number of voters (more than 1,00,000)[3] when compared to general constituencies. Two separate list of candidates, a general list and a reserved list, contested in those constituencies. Each voter had to cast two votes - one for each list.

The two winners were chosen as follows:

  • Reserved Member - Candidate with the most number of votes among the reserved (SC/ST) list candidates
  • General Member - Candidate with the most number of votes among the rest of the candidates excluding the Reserved Member (including both reserved and general lists).

This system led to anomalies. In some cases like the Coimbatore - II constituency in the 1957 election, both elected members belonged to the reserved list - the candidate with second highest number of votes in reserved list secured more votes than the highest vote getter in the general list. Multiple members were elected only in the 1952 and 1957 elections as double member representation was abolished in 1961 by the enactment of Two-Member Constituencies Abolition Act (1961).[4]

Parties and issues[edit]

Indian National Congress, Communist Party of India, Forward Bloc, Praja Socialist Party, Socialist Party, Congress Reform Committee (Indian National Democratic Congress) and Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) were the major parties contesting this election. This was the first election contested by the DMK since its formation in 1949. The decision to contest elections was taken in 1956 at the party's Trichy conference. The party fielded its candidates in 8 Parliamentary and 117 assembly seats as independents, since it was not an officially recognised party.[5] The increased Tamilian character of the Congress party after the appointment of K. Kamaraj, a non-Brahman as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, robbed DMK of its main electoral plank as the sole proponent of Tamil nationalism. It increasingly changed its focus to economic issues and slower industrialisation of the South as an election issue. The DMK election manifesto had a socialist image and creation of Dravidistan became a side issue as it had implicitly accepted the prevailing constitutional order.[6][7]

Periyar E. V. Ramasamy issued a statement in support of K. Kamaraj before the commencement of the election. In October 1956, the central executive of Dravidar Kazhagam resolved to support K. Kamaraj.[8]

Since Mr. Kamaraj has done his best to serve the Tamilians, since he has changed Acharyar's educational system designed to perpetuate the caste system, since he has conferred many jobs and many benefits on Tamilians in the educational and other spheres and since the Brahman and DMK people are trying to oust him from power, it has become the duty of all Tamilians to support Mr. Kamaraj and his followers in the election[8][9]

K. Kamaraj accepted the support of Dravidar kazhagam and said if the Kazhagam canvassed vote for him out of their own free will, he could not possibly tell them he did not want their votes. He also made it clear that Congress party can not support a party which is communal in nature and he did not in any way share E. V. Ramasamy's views.[8][10]

K. Kamaraj's decision to accept the support and provide candidacy to some former members of Dravidar Kazhagam caused division within Congress resulting in a new party called, Congress Reform Committee (CRC). Though the party was created in the last moment, it fielded candidates in 12 parliamentary and 55 assembly seats.[11]

Voting and Results[edit]

Source: Election Commission of India[12]

Results[edit]

INC SEATS DMK* SEATS OTHERS SEATS
Indian National Congress (INC) 151 Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) 13 CRC 9
Communist Party of India (CPI) 4
Forward Bloc (FB) 3
Praja Socialist Party (PSP) 2
Socialist Party (SOC) 1
Independent (IND) 22
TOTAL (1957) 151 TOTAL (1957) 13 TOTAL (1957) 41
TOTAL (1952) n/a TOTAL (1952) n/a TOTAL (1952) n/a

DMK was not officially recognized as a party by the Election commission of India until 1962, so they were registered as an Independent party. Congress Reform Committee was the second and Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam was the third party in the assembly. Congress won 45% vote share, CRC 8% and DMK 14%.[11]

List of candidates[edit]

* Elected as Chief Minister of Madras State
** DMK Candidates contesting as independents
Constituency Winner Party Runner Up Party
Adiramapattinam A. R. Marimuthu PSP N. Sunderasa Thevar INC
Aduthurai Ramamirtha Thondaiman INC Mohammed Amirdeen IND
Alangudi 1) Arunachala Thevar
2) Chinniah
INC
INC
Subbiah
Balakrishnan
IND
Alangulam Veluchamy Thevar IND Nallasivan CPI
Ambasamudram Gomathisankara Deekshidar INC Challapandian IND
Ambur 1) V. K. Krishnamurthy
3) S. R. Munusami
INC
IND
2) Sampangi Naidu
4) A. R. Rathnasamy
IND
INC
Andanallur Annamalai Muthuraja INC E. P. Mathuram IND
Arakkonam S. C. Sadayappa Mudaliar INC Thomas IND
Arantangi S. Ramasami Thevar IND Muthuvel Ambalam INC
Aravakurichi S. Sadasivam INC N. Rathinam IND
Arcot S. Khader Sheriff INC Lachaumanan IND
Ariyalur Ramalinga Padayachi INC Narayanan IND
Arni P. Doraisamy Reddiar IN INC
Aruppukottai M. D. Ramasami IND A. V. Thiruppathi INC
Atoor M. A. B. Arumugasamy Chettiar INC V. S. S. Mani Chettiyar IND
Attur 1) Irusappan
2) M. P. Subramaniam
IND
IND
3) A. Sambasiva Reddiar
4) M. Arumugham
INC
IND
Avanashi K. Marappa Gounder INC Karuppa Gounder IND
Basin Bridge T. N. Anandanayaki INC N. V. Natarajan IND
Bhavani 1) G. G. Gurumurthi
2) P. G. Manickam
INC
INC
3) K. Komarasami Gounder
4) A. Subramanian
IND
IND
Bhuvanagiri Samikannu Padayachi INC R. Balagurusamy IND
Bodinayakkanur A. S. Subbaraj INC M. Muthiala IND
Cuddalore Seenivasa Padayachi INC Sambandan IND
Chengalpattu 1) Muthuswamy Naicker
2) Appavu
INC 3) Ramachandran
4) Rathinam
IND
Chengam T. Karia Goundar INC R. Venkatachala Mudaliar IND
Chennimalai K. P. Nallasivam IND A. Thengappa Gounder INC
Cheyyar P. Ramachandran INC V. Darmalinga Nayagar IND
Chidambaram 1) G. Vagheesam Pillai
2) Swami Sahajananda
INC
INC
39 Chokalingam
4) Sivasubramaniam
IND
IND
Coimbatore - I Savitri Shanmugam INC Bupathy CPI
Coimbatore - II 1) Marudachalam
2) Palaniswamy
CPI
INC
3) Kuppuswamy
4) P. Veluswamy
INC
PSP
Colachel Lourdammal INC S. Doraiswamy IND
Coonoor J. Matha Gowder INC H. B. Ari Gowder IND
Dharapuram A. Sanapathi Gounder INC P. S. Govindasamy Gounder IND
Dharmapuri M. Kandasami Kandar INC R. S. Veerappa Chetty IND
Dindigul M. J. Jamal Mohideen INC A. Balasubramaniam CPI
Egmore Anbazhagan IND Radhakrishnan INC
Erode V. S. Manickasundaram INC K. T. Raju CPI
Gandarvakottai Krishnasami Gopalar INC Ramachandra Dorai IND
Gingee M. Jangal Reddiar IND V. Gopal Gounder IND
Gobichettipalayam P. G. Karuthiruman INC Mariappan CPI
Gudiyatham 1) V. K. Kothandaraman
2) T. Manavalan
CPI
INC
3) Venkatachalam
4) M. Krishnasami
INC
IND
Gummidipundi Kamalambuiammal INC Venugopal Reddy IND
Harbour U. Krishna Rao INC G. Rajamannar Chettiar PSP
Harur 1) P. M. Munusami Gounder
2) M. K. Mariappan
INC
INC
3) T. Ponnusamy
4) C. Theerthagiri
IND
IND
Hosur K. Appavoo Pillai IND N. Ramachandra Reddy INC
Jayankondam K. R. Viswanathan INC Jayaramulu Chettiar IND
Kadambur 1) K. Ramasubbu
2) Sangili
INC
INC
3)S. Arunachala Nadar
4) V. Suppayan
IND
IND
Kadayam D. S. Athimoolam IND A. Balagan INC
Kallakurichi 1) Nataraja Odayar
3) M. Anandan
IND
IND
2) Parthasarathy
4) L. Anandan
INC
INC
Kancheepuram C. N. Annadurai Mudaliar IND P. S. Srinivasan INC
Kangayam K. G. Palanisamy Gounder INC P. Muthuswamy Gounder IND
Kanyakumari T. S. Ramaswamy Pillai IND Natarajan INC
Karaikudi M. A. Muthiah Chettiar INC Ganesan Saw IND
Karur T. M. Nallaswamy INC K. S. Ramasami CPI
Killiyur A. Nesamony INC Uncontested Uncontested
Kodaikanal M. Alagirisamy INC Gurusamy IND
Koilpalayam C. Subramaniam INC C. Guruswamy Naidu PSP
Kovilpatti V. Suppaya Naicker IND Selvaraj INC
Krishnagiri S. Nagaraja Manigar INC N. Mohanram IND
Kulithalai M. Karunanidhi IND K. A. Dharmalingam INC
Kumbakonam T. Sambath INC Neelamegham IND
Lalgudi S. Lazar INC Anbil P. Dharmalingam IND
Madurai Central V. Sankaran INC S. Muthu IND
Madurai East P. K. R. Lakshmi Kanthan INC N. Sankaraiah CPM
Maduranthakam 1) O. Venkatasubba Reddy
4) Ellappan
INC
IND
2) O.N. Doraibabu
3) V.L. Raja
IND
IND
Manamadurai R. Chidambara Bharathi INC S. Alagu IND
Manapparai N. P. M. Chinnaya Kavundar INC A. Rajagopal Pillai IND
Mannargudi T. S. Swaminatha Odayar INC S. K. Sivanada Saluvar IND
Mayuram 1) G. Narayanasami Naidu
2) P. Jayaraj
INC
INC
3)M. Kathamuthu
4) A. R. Marianathan
CPI
CPI
Melur 1) P. Kakkan
2) M. Periyakaruppan Ambalam
INC
INC
3)K. Paramasivam Ambalan
4) P. Vadivel
IND
IND
Mettupalayam D. Raghubadhi Devi INC Madhannan IND
Mettur K. S. Ardhanareeswara Gounder INC Surendiran PSP
Mylapore C. R. Ramaswamy INC Kumari S. Vijayalakshmi PSP
Mudukulathur 1) U. Muthuramalinga Thevar
2) A. Perumal
IND
IND
3) Chinniah
4) A. Krishnan
INC
INC
Musiri 1) V. A. Muthaiya
2) T. V. Sannasi
INC
INC
3) M. P. Muthukaruppan
4) Durairaj
IND
IND
Nagapattinam N. S. Ramalingam INC P. Jeevanandam CPI
Nagercoil Chidambaranatha Nadar INC C. Sankar CPI
Nallur Vedamanickam IND K. S. Venkatakrishna Reddiar IND
Namakkal 1) P. Kolanda Gounder
3) M. P. Periasami
INC
INC
2) V. Kaliappan
4) Marudaveeran
IND
IND
Nambiyur K. L. Ramaswamy INC Uncontested Uncontested
Nanguneri M. G. Sankar Reddiar INC S. Madasamy IND
Nannilam 1) M. D. Thiagaraja Pillai
2) M. C. Muthukumaraswami
INC
INC
3) S. Arunachalam Pillai
4) P. Appaswamy
CPI
CPI
Nellikuppam 1) Sivachidambara Ramasamy Padayachi
3) S. Thangavelu
INC
INC
2) Krishnamoorthy Gounder
4) Rajaangam
IND
IND
Nilakkottai 1) W. P. A. R. Chandrasekaran
2) A. S. Ponnammal
INC
INC
3) T. G. Krishnamoorthy
4) M. Vadivel
IND
IND
Oddanchatram Karuthappa Gounder INC Angamuthu Naicker IND
Padmanabhapuram Thompson Dharmaraj Daniel INC S. Muthukaruppa Pillai IND
Palani Lakshmipathiraj INC Venkitasami Gounder IND
Palladam P. S. Chinnadurai PSP Kumarasami Gounder INC
Papanasam 1)Venkitachala Nattar
2)R. Subramaniam
INC
INC
3) Haritharanathan
4) Tajudeen
IND
IND
Panjapatti Karunagiri Muthaiah INC P. Poonambala Gounder IND
Paramakudi K. Ramachandran IND G. Govindan INC
Pattukottai R. Srinivasa Ayyar INC V. Arunachala Thevar IND
Pennagaram Hemalatha Devi INC D. K. Gorunatha Chettiar IND
Perambalur 1)Krishnasami
3) K. Periyannan
INC
INC
2) Raja Chidambaram
4) Adimoolam
IND
IND
Perambur 1) Pakkiriswami Pillai
3) Satyavani Muthu
IND
IND
2) T. S. Govindaswamy
4) T. Rajagopal
INC
INC
Perundurai N. K. Palanisami CPI Manicka Mudaliar INC
Pollachi 1) N. Mahalingam
2) K. Ponniah
INC
INC
3) P. Thangavel Gounder
4) V. K. Rangaswamy
PSP
CPI
Polur S. M. Annamalai IND T. B. Kesava Reddiar IND
Ponneri 1) V. Govindasami Naidu
2) T. P. Elumalai
INC
INC
3) T. Shanmugam
4) Changam Pillai
IND
IND
Radhapuram A. V. Thomas INC Kartheesan IND
Ramanathapuram R. Shanmuga Rajeshwara Sethupathi IND G. Mangalasamy CPI
Ranipet Chandrasekara Naicker INC R. A. Subhaan IND
Rasipuram A. Raja Gounder INC K. V. K. Ramaswamy IND
Saidapet A. S. Doraiswami Reddiar INC N. P. Loganathan IND
Salem I Mariappan INC V. R. Nedunchezhiyan IND
Salem II A. Rathnavel Gounder INC S. M. Ramiah CPI
Sankarankoil 1) P. Urkavalan
2) A. R. Subbiah Mudaliar
INC
INC
3) Adinamilagi
4) S. Uthaman
IND
PSP
Sankari K. S. Subramanya Gounder INC R. Thandavan IND
Sathankulam S. P. Adithanar IND S. Kandasamy INC
Satyamangalam K. Gopal Gounder IND K. Aranganathan INC
Sattur K. Kamaraj Nadar INC Jayarama Reddiar IND
Sendamangalam T. Sivagnanam Pillai INC Somasundara Gounder IND
Sholinghur B. Bhakthavatsalu Naidu INC M. Subramanian Naicker IND
Sirkazhi 1) C. Muthia Pillai
2) K. B. S. Mani
INC
INC
3) K. Sami Durai Annangar
4) V. Velayutham
CPI
CPI
Sivaganga D. Subramania Rajkumar IND Saminathan INC
Sivakasi S. Ramasami Naidu INC P. Muthuramanuja Thevar IND
Sriperumbudur M. Bhaktavatsalam INC C. V. M. Annamalai IND
Srirangam K. Vasudevan INC Chitrambalam IND
Srivaikuntam A. P. C. Veerabahu INC Y. Perumal IND
Srivilliputhur 1) R. Krishnasami Naidu
2) A. Chinnasami
INC
INC
3) S. Alagarsamy
4) Gurusami
CPI
IND
Sulur Kulanthai Ammal INC K. Ramani CPI
Taramangalam N. S. Soundararajan INC Chinnappan IND
Tenkasi K. Sattanatha Karayalar IND I. A. Chidambaram Pillai INC
Thanjavur A. Y. S. Parisutha Nadar INC R. Gopalakrishnan IND
Theni 1) N. R. Thiagarajan
3) N. M. Velappan
INC
INC
2) S. S. Rajendran
4) A. Ayyanar
IND
IND
Thirumangalam A. V. P.Periavala Guruya Reddi IND K. Rajaram INC
Thirumayam V. Ramiah INC Muthuvairava Ambalagarar IND
Thirupparankundram S. Chinnakaruppa Thevar INC K. P. Janaki CPI
Thousand lights A. V. P. Asaithambi IND K. Venkatasamy Naidu INC
Thuriniapuram M. A. Manickavelu INC S. Murugan IND
Tindivanam 1) P. Veerappa Gounder
2) M. Jagannathan
IND
IND
3) Venugopal Gounder
4) Pichaikuppan
INC
INC
Tiruchendur M. S. Selvaraj INC M. R. Meganathan IND
Tiruchengode 1) T. M. Kaliannan
2) R. Kandasami
INC
INC
3) Rangasamy Gounder
4) Komaran
IND
PSP
Tiruchirappalli - I E. P. Mathuram IND T. Durairaj Pillai INC
Tiruchirappalli - II M. Kalyanasundaram CPI Subburethinam INC
Tirukoilur 1) S. A. M. Annamalai Odayar
3) Kuppusami
IND
INC
2) Lakshmi Narasamma
4) Muthusami
INC
IND
Tirukoshtiyur N. V. Chockalingam INC S. Shanmugam CPI
Tiruppattur R. C. Samanna Gounder INC Natesa Pillai IND
Tiruvannamalai 1) P. U. Shanmugham
2) C. Santhanam
IND
IND
3) V. K. Annamalai Gounder
4) A. Arumugam
INC
Tiruvayur R. Swaminatha Merkondar INC D. Pakshiraja Moovarayar IND
Tirunelveli 1) Rajathi Kunchithapatham
2) Somasundaram
INC
INC
3) Kandish
4) Ponnusami
IND
PSP
Tiruppur K. N. Palanisamy INC V. Ponnulinga Gounder CPI
Tiruthuraipundi 1) V. Vedayyan
2) A. Vedaratnam
INC
INC
3) C. Kandasamy
4) S. Vadivelu
CPI
CPI
Tiruvadanai KR. RM. Kariamanickamambalam IND S. Ramakrishnathevar INC
Tiruvallur 1) Eakambara Mudaly
2) V. S. Arunachalam
INC
INC
3) N. Govindasamy Naidu
4) M. Dharmalingam
IND
IND
T. Nagar K. Vinayakam INC A. S. Jesupatham IND
T Palur Subbiah INC Ramasamy IND
Triplicane K. S. G. Haja Sheriff INC Appadurai IND
Tuticorin Ponnusami Nadar INC M. S. Sivamani IND
Udagamandalam B. K. Linga Gowder INC K. Bhojan IND
Uddanapalli Muni Reddi IND Venkatakrishna Desai INC
Udumalpet S. T. Subbaya Gounder IND N. Mounaguruswamy Naidu INC
Ulundurpet Kandasami Padayachi INC Manonmani Ammal IND
Usilampatti P. K. Mookiah Thevar IND P. V. Raj INC
Uthamapalayam K. Pandiaraj INC P. T. Rajan IND
Uthiramerur V. K. Ramaswamy Mudaliar IND K. Duraiswamy Nayagar INC
Vadamadurai Thiruvenkatasamy Naicker IND S. Chiinasamy Naidu INC
Valavanur A. Govindasami Nayagar IND K. M. Krishna Gounder INC
Vandavasi 1) M. Ramachandra Reddy
3) D. Dasarathan
INC
INC
2) A. Dharma Gounder
4) S. Muthulingam
IND
IND
Vaniyambadi A. A. Rasheed INC M. P. Vadivelu Gounder IND
Vedasandur T. S. Soundaram Ramachandran INC Madanagopal CPI
Veerapandy M. R. Kandasamy Mudaliar INC Chelliah IND
Vellore M. P. Sarathy IND Sundara Gounder CPI
Vilavancode M. William INC Uncontested Uncontested
Villupuram Sarangapani Gounder INC Shanmuga Udayar IND
Vridhachalam M. Selvaraj IND G. Rajavelu Padayachi INC
Washermanpet M. Mayandi Nadar INC N. Jeevarathnam IND
Yercaud 1) S. Andi Goundan
2) S. Lakshmana Goundar
INC
INC
3) Raja Paul David
4) Kuppusami Goundan
IND
IND

Kamaraj's second cabinet[edit]

Kamaraj's council of ministers during his second tenure as Chief Minister(1 April 1957 – 1 March 1962)[13]

Minister Portfolios
K. Kamaraj Chief Minister, Public, Planning and Development (including Local development Works, Women's Welfare, Community Projects and Rural Welfare), National Extension Scheme
M. Bhaktavatsalam Home
C. Subramaniam Finance
R. Venkataraman Industries
M. A. Manickavelu Naicker Revenue
P. Kakkan Works
V. Ramaiah Electricity
Lourdhammal Simon Local Administration

See also[edit]

Footnotes and References[edit]

  1. ^ Tamil Nadu Government website
  2. ^ a b c The State Legislature - Origin and Evolution
  3. ^ Constituent Assembly of India Debates Vol IV, Friday 18 July 1947
  4. ^ Hasan, Zoya; Sridharan, Eswaran; Sudharshan, R (2005). India's living constitution: ideas, practices, controversies. Anthem Press. pp. 360–63. ISBN 1-84331-136-4, ISBN 978-1-84331-136-2. 
  5. ^ Atul Kohli (2001). The success of India's democracy. Cambridge University Press. p. 89. ISBN 0-521-80530-9. 
  6. ^ Robert L. Hardgrave, Jr. (1964–1965). "The DMK and the Politics of Tamil Nationalism". Pacific Affairs 37 (4): 396–411. doi:10.2307/2755132. JSTOR 2755132. 
  7. ^ Manivannan, R. (25 January 1992). "1991 Tamil Nadu Elections: Issues, Strategies and Performance". Economic and Political Weekly (Economic and Political Weekly) 27 (4): 164–170. JSTOR 4397536. 
  8. ^ a b c Lloyd I. Rudolph (May 1961). "Urban Life and Populist Radicalism: Dravidian Politics in Madras". The Journal of Asian Studies 20 (3): 283–297. doi:10.2307/2050816. JSTOR 2050816. 
  9. ^ The Hindu 10 October 1956
  10. ^ The Hindu 6 March 1957
  11. ^ a b James R. Roach (May 1957), "India's 1957 elections", Far Eastern Survey 26 (5): 65–78, doi:10.1525/as.1957.26.5.01p1110h, JSTOR 3024537 
  12. ^ 1957 Madras State Election Results, Election Commission of India accessed 19 April 2009
  13. ^ Kandaswamy. P (2008). The political Career of K. Kamaraj. Concept Publishing Company. pp. 62–64. ASIN B00069WY4K. 

External links[edit]