Madre de Dios River

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Madre de Dios
River
Madre de Dios Boca Manu.jpg
Madre de Dios near Boca Manú town, Peru
Countries Bolivia, Peru
Source
 - location Cordillera Vilcanota, Peru
Mouth
 - location Madeira River
Length 655 km (407 mi)
The Amazon Basin with the Madre de Dios River highlighted

The Madre de Dios River (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈmaðɾe ðe ðjos]), homonymous to the Peruvian region it runs through, flows into the Beni River in Bolivia, which then turns northward into Brazil, where it joins with the Mamore River to become the Madeira River. The Madeira is a tributary to the Amazon River.

The Madre de Dios is an important waterway for the department of Madre de Dios, particularly Puerto Maldonado, the largest town in the area, and the capital of the department. Mango farming and gold mining are among the many industries on its beaches. Other important industries the Madre de Dios provides are selective logging and farming, both of which are serious environmental problems. Along the length of the river there are several national parks and reserves, notably Tambopata-Candamo National Park, Manú National Park (also known as Manú Biosphere Reserve) and Bahuaja-Sonene National Park.

Hydrography[edit]

The upper Madre de Dios River and its main tributaries upstream from Puerto Maldonado

The Madre de Dios serves as the largest watershed in the area, as part of the vast Amazon River watershed. The river's main tributaries include the Chivile, Azul, Blanco, Los Amigos, Manú, Inambari, Tambopata and Colorado rivers.[1]

The Alto Madre de Dios River from the Fundo Mascoitania Reserve

References[edit]

  1. ^ Evaluacion Ambiental Territorial en la Zona Aurifera de Madre de Dios, 4. Climatología E Hidrologia {es} Ministry of Energy and Mines, Peruvian Government, December 1997.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 12°17′S 70°52′W / 12.283°S 70.867°W / -12.283; -70.867