Madrid–Valladolid high-speed rail line

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Madrid–Valladolid high-speed line
A-330ElGoloso.jpg
Rail lab (ADIF series 330) in El Goloso (Madrid) heading towards Colmenar Viejo eleven days before the opening of the line.
Overview
Native name Línea de Alta Velocidad Madrid - Segovia - Valladolid
Type high-speed rail
Status operational
Locale Spain
Termini Madrid Chamartín
Valladolid
Stations 3
Operation
Opening 23 December 2007 (2007-12-23)
Technical
Line length 179.6 km (111.6 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 25 kV 50 Hz AC
Operating speed 350 km/h (220 mph)
Route map
Route map (line in red)

The Madrid–Valladolid high-speed rail line (Spanish language: Línea de Alta Velocidad Madrid - Segovia - Valladolid) opened for commercial service on 23 December 2007 and is the first instalment of a high-speed rail corridor in the north and northwest of Spain. The line is built to standard gauge and gauge changers are provided at strategic points to allow interchange with older Spanish railways which were built to Iberian gauge.

Plan for 2005-2020[edit]

According to this, the line will be connected with the following (L.A.V. = Línea de Alta Velocidad):

Features[edit]

This line is constructed for trains running at up to 350 kilometres per hour (220 mph). ERTMS type II signaling and ASFA digital diversion clearance of 220 kilometres per hour (140 mph) and a reduction of over 70 kilometres (43 mi) (28%) compared to the general layout of the Northern Line or Imperial tunnels through San Pedro, Albacete and Guadarrama, 9 and 28 km respectively. It has reduced journey times between Madrid and Valladolid from 2½ hours to 56 minutes at an average speed of 192 kilometres per hour (119 mph). Gauge changers are installed at Chamartin Valdestillas and Valladolid and this has reduced travel times on all routes between Madrid and Spain's north-northwest.

Route[edit]

(The figures indicate kilometres from Madrid)

  • Gauge changer
  • 179.6 Valladolid-Campo Grande
  • 173.1 Level crossing (Pinar de Antequera)
  • 168.0 Rio Duero
  • conventional line Madrid-Irun (Gauge changer)
  • 159.6 Valdestillas / Transition double track to single track
  • 144.0 Conventional Line Madrid-Irun
  • Future link L.A.V. Olmedo-Zamora-Galicia (in draft)
  • Link L.A.V. Olmedo-Zamora-Galicia
  • Intersection with N-601
  • 133.0 Olmedo
  • 106.6 Nava de la Asunción
  • 97.1 to 94.4 Tabladillo Tunnel
  • 86.0 Garcillán
  • 72.5 to 70.7 Puentecilla Tunnel
  • Conventional Line Intersection with Villa
  • 68.3 Segovia Guiomar
  • 66.2 to 37.5 Guadarrama Tunnels
  • 35.5 Soto del Real
  • Junction with conventional line Madrid-Burgos
  • 32.9 Arroyo Valley Viaduct
  • 32.1 to 23.2 tunnels of Cerro de San Pedro
  • Junction with conventional line Madrid-Burgos
  • 18.9 Trivialization Post Tres Cantos
  • Junction with conventional line Madrid-Burgos
  • Line Conv. Madrid-Alcobendas/S.S. de los Reyes
  • Fuencarral maintenance center
  • Intersection with link-Hortaleza Pitis
  • Intersection with link-Hortaleza Chamartin
  • Link to Chamartin Iberian gauge (width changer)
  • Madrid-Chamartin 0.50
  • End of Line (future AV tunnel-Chamartin Atocha)

Statistics[edit]

  • Inauguration: 22 December 2007 (entry into service the next day).
  • Approximate cost: 4,205 million euro (about 700 M € are for the reform of the RAF of Valladolid).
  • Tender: commissioned by the Government to GIF (today ADIF) in 1998.
  • Intermediate stations: Segovia Guiomar (kilometre post 68.3).

At kilometre post 133.8 there is a junction for the future LAV Galicia, negotiable at up to 220 km/h.

Technical details[edit]

  • Length 179.6 km
  • Total length in tunnels 42,1 km
  • Total length on viaducts 2 km
  • UIC gauge (1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in))
  • Electrification 25 kV 50 Hz AC
  • Maximum speed 350 km / h
  • Digital Signage ASFA and ERTMS II
  • Platform width 16 m
  • PAET 3 (Soto del Real, Garcillán and Olmedo)
  • PB 3 (Tres Cantos, Nava, Valdestillas)
  • Width Changers 3 (Chamartin Valdestillas, Valladolid)

PB = Puesto de Banalización (transition from double to single track?)
PAET = Puesto de Adelantamiento y Estacionamiento de Trenes (passing loop?)

Special projects[edit]

The entrance to the San Pedro tunnels
  • Guadarrama Tunnel (28,377 m)
  • Tunnels of San Pedro (8,930 m)
  • Arroyo Valley Viaduct (1,796 m, maximum height 77.8 m)
  • Tabladillo tunnel (2 km)
  • Puentecilla Tunnel (1900 m)
  • Tunel del Pinar de Antequera (1 km) (opening 8 November 2009)

Reduced travel times[edit]

Talgo trains were replaced by Alvia trains (RENFE Class 130) and these operate on both the high-speed line and the older lines.

These trains pass through the gauge changers at Valladolid and Valdestillas or to join the General Line North from this high speed line and back by reducing their travel time by reducing the distance and increasing the commercial speed in the stretch Madrid–Valladolid.

The Talgo Madrid-Galicia was diverted later by LAV circulating until Valdestillas changer, which reverses the direction of travel and change of locomotive. In this case the time reduction has been lower, only 15-20 min, while in the Galicia-Madrid train has been an advantage to using the best line to be able to recover the backlog.

Madrid to: previous train v-media td td train current reduction v-media

  • Burgos Talgo 3:22 282 km 83.76 km / h Alvia 2:20 301 km 129 km / h 1:02
  • Gijón Talgo 6:15 591 km 94.56 km / h Alvia 5:05 521 km 102.49 km / h 1:10
  • Irun Intercity 6:50 640 km 93.66 km / h Alvia 5:44 570 km 99.42 km / h 1:06
  • Leon Talgo 3:50 420 km 109.57 km / h Alvia 2:46 350 km 126.51 km / h 1:04
  • Miranda de Ebro Talgo 4:26 371 km 83.68 km / h Alvia 3:19 390 km 117.59 km / h 1:07
  • Oviedo Talgo 5:43 559 km 97.78 km / h Alvia 4:36 489 km 106.30 km / h 1:07
  • Palencia Talgo 2:50 298 km 105.18 km / h Alvia 1:44 228 km 131.54 km / h 1:06
  • San Sebastian Intercity 6:25 623 km 97.09 km / h Alvia 5:20 553 km 103.69 km / h 1:05
  • Talgo Santander 5:35 515 km 92.24 km / h Alvia 4:27 445 km 100 km / h 1:08
  • Regional Segovia 2:03 101 km 49.27 km / h AVE 0:35 68 km 136 km / h 1:33
  • Valladolid Talgo 2:23 249 km 104.48 km / h AVE 0:56 179 km 191.79 km / h 1:27
  • Vitoria Intercity 4:39 493 km 106.02 km / h Alvia 3:41 423 km 114.84 km / h 0:58

Services that use these lines[edit]

A northbound AVE-S 102 train crosses the Arroyo del Valle Viaduct soon after the line opened
  • Chamartin Madrid-Segovia Valladolid-Campo Grande-S102 Guiomar 1:10
  • Chamartin Madrid–Valladolid-Campo Grande 0:56 nonstop S102
  • Avant-Chamartin Madrid-Segovia Guiomar 0:35 nonstop S121
  • Avant Valladolid to Madrid Chamartin station at 1:10 Segovia Guiomar S121
  • Alvia Madrid-Chamartin Hendaye Segovia Guiomar
  • Valladolid-Campo Grande
  • Burgos
  • Miranda de Ebro
  • Vitoria-Gasteiz
  • Alsasua
  • San Sebastian
  • Irun S130 gauge change in Valladolid / Valdestillas
  • Alvia Bilbao-Madrid-Chamartin Abando Segovia Guiomar
  • Valladolid-Campo Grande
  • Burgos S130 gauge change in Valladolid / Valdestillas
  • Alvia Madrid-Chamartin Santander Segovia Guiomar
  • Valladolid-Campo Grande
  • Palencia
  • Aguilar de Campóo
  • Reinosa
  • Torrelavega S130 gauge change in Valladolid / Valdestillas
    • 1 train per day each direction continues its journey to Alicante
  • Alvia Madrid-Chamartin Gijón-suburban Segovia Guiomar
  • Valladolid-Campo Grande
  • Palencia
  • Sahagun
  • Léon
  • Mieres-Puente
  • Oviedo
  • Jovellanos Gijón S130-wide change in Valladolid / Valdestillas
    • 1 train per day each direction continues its journey to Alicante
  • Talgo Madrid-Chamartin La Coruna Segovia Guiomar
  • Medina del Campo
  • Zamora
  • Puebla de Sanabria
  • The Gudiña
  • Orense-Joint
  • Carballiño
  • Santiago de Compostela Talgo VI gauge change in Valdestillas
  • Talgo Madrid-Chamartin Pontevedra (*)
  • Guillarei
  • Redondela
  • Vigo Talgo VI (*) circulates together with the branch of La Coruna to Orense
    • gauge change in Valdestillas

Speed[edit]

The maximum permissible speed in line with ERTMS II in service are shown below. Note that trains are permitted to move at a maximum of 300 kilometres per hour (190 mph) over 147 kilometres (91 mi) of the line (82% of all online).

end km home km km/h
0.800 1.402 110
1.402 1.440 35
1.440 1.884 65
1.884 6.071 110
6.071 6.513 105
6.513 8.300 110
8.300 12.400 165
12.400 14.600 200
14.600 21.000 270
21.000 168.700 300
168.700 170.358 200
170.358 171.807 180
171.807 172.600 200
172.600 173.081 160
173.081 173.091 100
173.091 177.752 160
177.752 177.827 150
177.827 178.100 160
178.100 179.300 50

References[edit]

  • Article in Ferropedia
  • Construction of the LAV dossier SkyscraperCity
  • Construction of the LAV-2 dossier SkyscraperCity
  • Construction of the LAV, thread 1 tranvia.org
  • Construction of the LAV, thread 2 tranvia.org