Madrid Atocha railway station

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For other uses, see Atocha (disambiguation).
Madrid Atocha
000416 - Madrid (2862890591).jpg
Main entrance of new Atocha station
Station statistics
Address Avenida de Barcelona, Madrid
Spain
Coordinates 40°24′27″N 3°41′30″W / 40.40750°N 3.69167°W / 40.40750; -3.69167Coordinates: 40°24′27″N 3°41′30″W / 40.40750°N 3.69167°W / 40.40750; -3.69167
Line(s) AVE
Altaria
Alaris
Alvia
Cercanías Madrid
Connections Madrid Metro
Structure type At Grade
Platforms 13
Tracks 24
Parking Yes
Other information
Opened 27 November 1851
Electrified Overhead lines
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Owned by Adif
Fare zone A
Traffic
Passengers (2013) 88.000.000
Location
Madrid Atocha railway station
Madrid Atocha railway station
Location within Madrid

Madrid Atocha (Spanish: Estación de Madrid Atocha, also named Madrid Puerta de Atocha) is the largest railway station in Madrid. It is the primary station serving commuter trains (Cercanías), intercity and regional trains from the south, and the AVE high speed trains from Barcelona (Catalonia), Zaragoza (Aragon), Seville (Andalusia) and Valencia (Levante Region). These train services are run by the Spanish national rail company, Renfe.

Overview[edit]

The station is in the Atocha neighborhood of the district of Arganzuela. The original façade faces the Plaza del Emperador Carlos V, a site at which a variety of streets converge, including the Calle de Atocha, Paseo del Prado, Paseo de la Infanta Isabel, Avenida de la Ciudad de Barcelona, Calle de Méndez Álvaro, Paseo de las Delicias, Paseo de Santa María de la Cabeza, and Ronda de Atocha.

The Atocha station is really a railway complex, formed by the Madrid Atocha Cercanías and Madrid Puerta de Atocha stations of the Spanish national railways and the Atocha Renfe station of the Madrid underground.

History[edit]

Exterior of old Atocha station
Interior plaza in old Atocha station

At this site, Madrid's first railway station was inaugurated on 9 February 1851 under the name Estación de Mediodía (Atocha-Mediodía is now the name of an area of the Arganzuela district, and means south in old Spanish).

After the building was largely destroyed by fire, it was rebuilt and reopened in 1892. The architect for the replacement, in a wrought iron renewal style was Alberto de Palacio Elissagne, who collaborated with Gustave Eiffel. Engineer Henry Saint James also took part in the project.[1] The name Atocha has become attached to the station because of the nearby basilica dedicated to Our Lady of Atocha. The train platforms were partly covered by a roof in the form of inverted hull with a height of approximately 27 meters and length of 157 meters. The steel and glass roof spreads between two brick flanking buildings.

New Terminal in 2014

This complex of railway tracks expanded through the years. In 1985, a project of complete remodeling began, based on designs by Rafael Moneo. In 1992, the original building was taken out of service as a terminal, and converted into a concourse with shops, cafés, and a nightclub. Like the Orsay Museum in Paris, the concourse has been given a new function, this time a stunning 4,000 m2 (43,056 sq ft) covered tropical garden.

A modern terminal was also designed by Moneo, and built in adjacent land to serve both the new AVE trains and local commuter lines. The main lines end in the new terminal; commuter train platforms are located underground, at the ingress to a rail tunnel extending northward under the Paseo de la Castellana. The station is served by two Madrid Metro stations, Atocha and Atocha Renfe. The latter was added when the new terminal building was constructed and is directly linked to the railway station.

11-M Train Bombings of 2004[edit]

On 11 March 2004, packed arriving commuter trains were bombed in a series of coordinated bombings, killing 191 people and wounding 1,800. The official investigation by the Spanish Judiciary determined the attacks were directed by a terrorist cell.

Memorials to the 2004 Attack[edit]

Interior of the Atocha station memorial

On 10 June 2004, a somber and minimalist Atocha station memorial was dedicated for the victims of the Attack. The monument includes a virtual shrine. Visitors to the attacked stations can leave a hand silhouette and a message through special-purpose consoles. A second monument to this event, known as 11-M in Spain, is the Bosque del Recuerdo ("the Forest of Remembrance") in the Parque del Buen Retiro near Atocha. This monument is made up of 192 olive and cypress trees, one for each person who died on that day, with a tree also planted in remembrance of the police officer who died on 3 April 2004, along with seven of the perpetrators whose capture was underway. Initially inaugurated as the Bosque de los Ausentes ("Forest of the Departed"), on the first anniversary of the devastating attack, on 11 March 2005, the site was renamed the following year. The forest is surrounded by a stream, with water as the symbol of life.

Services[edit]

Long-distance trains[edit]

Preceding station   AVE   Following station
Terminus   Madrid-Seville   Ciudad Real
toward Seville-Santa Justa
Terminus   Madrid-Malaga   Ciudad Real
toward Malaga-Maria Zambrano
Terminus   Madrid-Barcelona   Guadalajara-Yebes
toward Barcelona-Sants
Terminus   Madrid-Huesca   Guadalajara-Yebes
toward Huesca
Terminus   Madrid-Valencia   Cuenca-Fernándo Zóbel
toward Valencia-Joaquín Sorolla
Terminus   Madrid-Albacete   Cuenca-Fernándo Zóbel
toward Albacete-Los Llanos
Terminus   Madrid-Toledo   Toledo
Terminus
Preceding station   Alaris   Following station
Terminus   Madrid-Valencia   Cuenca-Fernándo Zóbel
toward Valencia-Nord
Preceding station   Altaria   Following station
Terminus   Madrid-Murcia   Cuenca-Fernándo Zóbel
toward Murcia
Terminus   Madrid-Cádiz   Ciudad Real
toward Cádiz
Preceding station   Alvia   Following station
Terminus   Madrid-Alicante   Cuenca-Fernándo Zóbel
toward Alicante
Terminus   Madrid-Cádiz   Ciudad Real
toward Granada

Cercanías[edit]

Preceding station   Cercanías Madrid   Following station
Méndez Álvaro
toward Príncipe Pío
  C-1   Recoletos
toward Aeropuerto
T4
Recoletos
toward Chamartín
  C-2   Asamblea de Madrid Entrevías
toward Guadalajara
Sol
toward El Escorial
  C-3   Villaverde Bejo
toward Aranjuez
Sol
toward Colmenar Viejo or
Alcobendas – San Sebastian
de los Reyes
  C-4   Villaverde Bejo
toward Parla
Embajadores
toward Móstoles – El
Soto
  C-5   Méndez Álvaro
toward Humanes
Recoletos
toward Fuente de la
Mora
  C-7   Asamblea de Madrid Entrevías
toward Alcalá de Henares
Recoletos
One-way operation
  C-7   Méndez Álvaro
One-way operation
Recoletos
toward El Escorial or Cercedilla
  C-8   Terminus
Méndez Álvaro
toward Villalba
  C-10   Recoletos
toward Fuente de la
Mora

Madrid Metro[edit]

Preceding station   Madrid Metro   Following station
Atocha   Line 1   Menéndez Pelayo

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Madrid's Official College of Architects website". 212.145.146.10. Retrieved 24 December 2012. 

External links[edit]