The Madrid Painter was an Atticblack-figure vase painter active during the late period of the style, around 520 BC.
He was active during the time when the red-figure style was in the process of gradually replacing black-figure as the dominant technique. Hios works ore noticeably influenced by the new developments, but tend to follow the older traditions. Thus, he does paint anatomical detail and uses new postures influenced by the new style. Thus, he depicts a shield using perspective foreshortening or one leg in a frontal, the other in a side view, on a figure of the dying Kyknos. But the same vase shows features the outmoded animal frieze predella along with such new elements. His conventional name is derived from a vase held by the Museo Arqueológico Nacional de España in Madrid.