Madura, Western Australia

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For other uses, see Madura (disambiguation).
Madura
Western Australia
Madura Pass, 2012.JPG
View of the Madura Pass towards the roadhouse, 2012.
Madura is located in Western Australia
Madura
Madura
Coordinates 31°54′4″S 127°1′8″E / 31.90111°S 127.01889°E / -31.90111; 127.01889Coordinates: 31°54′4″S 127°1′8″E / 31.90111°S 127.01889°E / -31.90111; 127.01889
Established 1876
Postcode(s) 6443
Location
  • 1,253 km (779 mi) from Perth
  • 528 km (328 mi) from Norseman
  • 183 km (114 mi) from Eucla
LGA(s) Shire of Dundas
State electorate(s) Eyre
Federal Division(s) O'Connor

Madura is a small roadhouse community located on the Eyre Highway in Western Australia, on the Nullarbor Plain. It is 1,253 kilometres (779 mi) from Perth.

History[edit]

Madura was settled in 1876 as a place to breed quality cavalry horses for the British Indian Army for use in the Northwest Frontier region of India (now part of Pakistan). The horses were shipped from the coast at Eucla. (Cervantes, north of Perth, was also used for breeding.) The site was chosen as it was one of the few with free flowing bore water in the area.

The surrounding area is part of Madura Station currently a sheep station, but was previously used to graze cattle, horses and camels.

Present day[edit]

Like other locations in the Nullarbor Plain area, the area consists of little more than a roadhouse, open 6:00am to 9:00pm each day. 2 km west of Madura is a scenic lookout with sweeping views of the Madura Pass across the escarpment and the Roe Plains. Natural blowholes may also be found nearby. The area is used for pastoral purposes, mainly sheep rearing.[1] Surrounding Madura is the Madura Shelf stretching 265 600 square kilometres of predominately sedimentary rock, part of the Bight Basin[2] which has been found to contain crude oil and geothermal gradients.[3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sydney Morning Herald (8 February 2004). "Travel – Madura". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2006-10-17. 
  2. ^ Bradshaw, B.E. & Pepper, M.R. (2003). "Madura Shelf". Geoscience Australia. Retrieved 7 November 2009. 
  3. ^ "Polda Basin – Petroleum and Geothermal in South Australia". Primary Industries and Resources SA. 2005–2008. Retrieved 7 November 2009. 
  4. ^ "Bight Basin". Geoscience Australia. 2009. Retrieved 7 November 2009. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Main Roads, Western Australia (2006) Distance book: distances to towns and localities in Western Australia East Perth, W.A. Main Roads ISBN 0-7309-7668-8

External links[edit]