Madurai district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Madurai.
Madurai District
மதுரை மாவட்டம்
Mathurai Mavattam
District
Pilgrimage at Meenakshi Amman Temple, Madurai
Pilgrimage at Meenakshi Amman Temple, Madurai
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 09°50′N 077°50′E / 9.833°N 77.833°E / 9.833; 77.833Coordinates: 09°50′N 077°50′E / 9.833°N 77.833°E / 9.833; 77.833[1]
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
Municipal Corporations Madurai
Headquarters Madurai
Government
 • Collector L. Subramanian IAS
Area
 • Total 3,741.73 km2 (1,444.69 sq mi)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 3,038,252
 • Density 823/km2 (2,130/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Tamil
 • Other English, Urdu, Telugu, Sourashtra
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 625001
Telephone code 0452
Vehicle registration TN-58,TN-59,TN-64[3]
Coastline 0 kilometres (0 mi)
Largest city Madurai
Sex ratio -50.5% / -49.5%
Literacy 81.5%
Lok Sabha constituency 1
Vidhan Sabha constituency 10
Website www.madurai.tn.nic.in
Bull Taming, Alanganallur

Madurai district is one of the thirty-two districts of the state of Tamil Nadu, in southeastern India.[1] The city of Madurai serves as the district headquarters. It houses the world famous Sri Meenakshi Sundareshwarar temple and is situated on the banks of the river Vaigai. Thiruparankundram is one of the major tourist place in the district. Kazimar Periya Pallivasal and Madurai Maqbara in Kazimar Street are the oldest and major Islamic symbols in Madurai city. As of 2011, the district had a population of 3,038,252 with a sex-ratio of 990 females for every 1,000 males. Aside from the city of Madurai, the larger towns are Melur, Avaniapuram, Thirumangalam and Usilampatti.[4]

History[edit]

Madurai is called with various nicknames like Athens of the East, Thoonga Nagaram (City that never Sleeps), Naan maada koodal (City of Four junctions), Malligai Managar (City of Jasmine), Koodal Managar (City of Junction) Koil Nagar (Temple city) etc. The main kingdoms which ruled Madurai during various times are the Pandyas and the Nayaks.

Demographics[edit]

According to 2011 census, Madurai district had a population of 3,038,252[5] up from 2,578,201 in the 2001 census,[4] for a growth rate of 17.95%. It had a sex-ratio of 990 females for every 1,000 males, up from 978 in 2001,[4] and much above the national average of 929.[5] A total of 313,978 were under the age of six, constituting 162,517 males and 151,461 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 13.46% and .37% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the district was 74.83%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[5] The district had a total of 794,887 households. There were a total of 1,354,632 workers, comprising 81,352 cultivators, 287,731 main agricultural labourers, 39,753 in house hold industries, 765,066 other workers, 180,730 marginal workers, 11,367 marginal cultivators, 85,097 marginal agricultural labourers, 7,540 marginal workers in household industries and 76,726 other marginal workers.[6]

Divisions[edit]

Madurai district comprises thirteen talukas and revenue blocks, same names same boundaries. Under the gram panchayat system rural administration or the district is done by panchayat villages and the taluka headquarters. The revenue blocks are further sub-divided by firkas. the last three taluks, Tiruparankundram, Madurai West and Madurai East, were created in February 2014.[7] The thirteen talukas/blocks are:[8][9]

2001 census[edit]

In the 2001 census, Madurai district had only seven talukas: Madurai North, Madurai South, Melur, Peraiyur, Thirumangalam, Vadipatti, and Usilampatti.[10]

Electorial Divisions[edit]

Assembly
Constituency
Political
Party
Elected
Representative
Thirupparankundram DMDK A. K. T. Raja
Usilampatti AIFB P. V. Kathiravan
Madurai North AIADMK A. K. Bose
Melur AIADMK R. Samy
Madurai East AIADMK K. Tamilarasan
Madurai Central DMDK R. Sundarrajan
Sholavandan AIADMK M. V. Karuppaiah
Tirumangalam AIADMK M. Muthuramalingam
Madurai South CPI-M R. Annadurai
Madurai West AIADMK K. Raju
Lok Sabha
Constituency
Political
Party
Elected
Representative
Madurai AIADMK Gopalkrishnan R
Source: Indian Elections / Election Commission of India.[11][12]

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Madurai
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
20
 
30
20
 
 
14
 
32
21
 
 
18
 
35
23
 
 
55
 
37
25
 
 
70
 
37
26
 
 
40
 
36
26
 
 
50
 
36
25
 
 
104
 
35
25
 
 
119
 
34
24
 
 
188
 
32
24
 
 
145
 
30
23
 
 
51
 
29
21
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm

The climate is moderate with no extremes. There are three distinct periods of rainfall:

  • advancing monsoon period and south west monsoon from June to September, with strong southwest winds;
  • north east monsoon from October to December, with dominant north east winds;
  • dry season from January to May.

Tourist attraction[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Madurai (Approved) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  2. ^ "District Census 2011". Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. 2011. Archived from the original on 5 May 2012. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  3. ^ "Registration Series Allotted to Regional Transport Offices". Government of Tamil Nadu, State Transport Authority. Archived from the original on 12 September 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c "Census of India 2001: Basic data Sheet: Madurai District, Tamil Nadu". The Registrar General and Census Commissioner. 
  5. ^ a b c "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  6. ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Krishnagiri district". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  7. ^ Mariappan, Julie (12 February 2014). "23 new taluks created in Tamil Nadu". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 19 July 2014. 
  8. ^ "Map: Madurai District Blocks". Madurai District. 
  9. ^ "Reports of National Panchayat Directory: Village Panchayat Names of Madurai, Tamil Nadu". Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India. Archived from the original on 13 November 2011. 
  10. ^ "2001 Census of India: List of Villages by Tehsil: Tamil Nadu". Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. pp. 245–256. Archived from the original on 13 November 2012. 
  11. ^ "Election results". Indian Elections. 
  12. ^ "Parties Statistics". Election Commission of India. 
  13. ^ Suruli Falls Suruli falls

External links[edit]