|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|• Collector||L. Subramanian IAS|
|• Total||3,741.73 km2 (1,444.69 sq mi)|
|• Density||823/km2 (2,130/sq mi)|
|• Other||Tamil, Urdu, Telugu, Sourashtra, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Coastline||0 kilometres (0 mi)|
|Sex ratio||♂-50.5% / ♀-49.5%|
|Lok Sabha constituency||1|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||10|
Madurai district is one of the thirty-two districts of the state of Tamil Nadu, in southeastern India. The city of Madurai serves as the district headquarters. It houses the world famous Sri Meenakshi Sundareshwarar temple and is situated on the banks of river Vaigai. Thiruparankundram is one of the major tourist place in the district. Kazimar Periya Pallivasal and Madurai Maqbara in Kazimar Street are the oldest and major Islamic symbols in the city.
Madurai is called with various nick names like Athens of the East, Thoonga Nagaram (City that never Sleeps), Naan maada koodal (City of Four junctions), Malligai Managar (City of Jasmine), Koodal Managar (City of Junction) Koil Nagar (Temple city) etc. The main kingdoms which ruled Madurai during various times are the Pandyas and the Nayaks.
Madurai district population was 3,041,038 as of the 2011 census, with a decennial growth rate of 18%. This was a population roughly equal to the nation of Oman or the US state of Iowa. This gave it a ranking of 119th of districts in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 823 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,130 /sq mi). Madurai had a sex ratio of 990 females for every 1000 males,. 60% of the district was urbanised, and the literacy rate was 81.66%.
Madurai has Mattuthavani bus stand to cover the most of the areas by road trasnport.
Madurai district comprises thirteen talukas and revenue blocks, same names same boundaries. Under the gram panchayat system rural administration or the district is done by panchayat villages and the taluka headquarters. The revenue blocks are further sub-divided by firkas. The thirteen talukas/blocks are:
In the 2001 census, Madurai district had only seven talukas: Madurai North, Madurai South, Melur, Peraiyur, Thirumangalam, Vadipatti, and Usilampatti.
|Thirupparankundram||DMDK||A. K. T. Raja|
|Usilampatti||AIFB||P. V. Kathiravan|
|Madurai North||AIADMK||A. K. Bose|
|Madurai East||AIADMK||K. Tamilarasan|
|Sholavandan||AIADMK||M. V. Karuppaiah|
|Madurai South||CPI-M||R. Annadurai|
|Madurai West||AIADMK||K. Raju|
|Source: Indian Elections / Election Commission of India.|
|Climate chart (explanation)|
The climate is moderate with no extremes. There are three distinct periods of rainfall:
- advancing monsoon period and south west monsoon from June to September, with strong southwest winds;
- north east monsoon from October to December, with dominant north east winds;
- dry season from January to May.
- Kutladampatti falls
- Madurai Meenakshiamman temple
- Alagar Koyil
- Theppakulam, Vandiyur
- Thirupparankundram Murugan Temple
- Thirumalai Nayakar Mahal
- 1000 kal Mandapam
- Kazimar Periya Pallivasal
- Gandhi Museum
- Eco park
- Kuruvithurai Vallaba Perumal Temple
- Vaigai Dam (nearby)
- Anaipatti Anjaneyar Temple
- Kodaikanal (nearby)
- Suruli falls (nearby)
- Madurai (Approved) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
- "District Census 2011". Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. 2011. Archived from the original on 5 May 2012. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- "Registration Series Allotted to Regional Transport Offices". Government of Tamil Nadu, State Transport Authority. Archived from the original on 12 September 2012.
- "Census of India 2011: Tamil Nadu: Provisional Population Data Sheet". Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Archived from the original on 15 March 2012.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Oman 3,027,959"
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Iowa 3,046,355"
- "Map: Madurai District Blocks". Madurai District.
- "Reports of National Panchayat Directory: Village Panchayat Names of Madurai, Tamil Nadu". Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India. Archived from the original on 13 November 2011.
- "2001 Census of India: List of Villages by Tehsil: Tamil Nadu". Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. pp. 245–256. Archived from the original on 13 November 2012.
- "Election results". Indian Elections.
- "Parties Statistics". Election Commission of India.
- Suruli Falls Suruli falls
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Madurai district.|