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The Maeatae were a confederation of tribes who lived probably beyond the Antonine Wall in Roman Britain. The historical sources are vague as to the exact region they inhabited.

Near the summit of Dumyat hill in the Ochils, overlooking Stirling, there are remains of a fort and the name of the hill is believed to be a corruption of "Dun Maeatae" - the hill of the Maeatae. This prominent hillfort may have marked their northern boundary, while Myot Hill near Falkirk plausibly marks their southern limits.

They appear to have come together as a result of treaties struck between the Roman Empire and the various frontier tribes in the 180s AD under the governorship of Ulpius Marcellus.

In 210 AD they began a serious revolt against the Roman Empire.

The Miathi, mentioned in Adomnán's Life of Columba, probably to be identified with the Southern Picts, appear to be the same ethnic group, their identity seemingly surviving in some form as late as the 6th or 7th centuries AD.