Maebashi

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Maebashi
前橋市
Core city
A view of Maebashi with Mt. Akagi, from the top of the Prefectural Government building (Kencho)
A view of Maebashi with Mt. Akagi, from the top of the Prefectural Government building (Kencho)
Flag of Maebashi
Flag
Location of Maebashi in Gunma Prefecture
Location of Maebashi in Gunma Prefecture
Maebashi is located in Japan
Maebashi
Maebashi
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 36°23′N 139°4′E / 36.383°N 139.067°E / 36.383; 139.067Coordinates: 36°23′N 139°4′E / 36.383°N 139.067°E / 36.383; 139.067
Country Japan
Region Kantō
Prefecture Gunma Prefecture
Government
 • Mayor Ryu Yamamoto (since February 2012)
Area
 • Total 311.64 km2 (120.32 sq mi)
Population (October 1, 2014)
 • Total 335.327
 • Density 1,091.04/km2 (2,825.8/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Symbols
- Tree Ginkgo & Zelkova
- Flower Rose & Azalea
Address 2-12-1, Ote-Machi, Maebashi-shi, Gunma-ken
371-8601
Phone number 27-224-1111
Website Maebashi

Maebashi (前橋市 Maebashi-shi?) is a city on the island of Honshu in Japan and is located in the Northern Kantō region. It is the capital city of Gunma Prefecture. [1]
As of October 2014 population data, it has an estimated population of 340,012 and a population density of 1,091.04 persons per km².[2] It was traditionally the most populous city within Gunma Prefecture until Takasaki merged with nearby towns.[3]
Since its merge with the village of Fujimi in 2009, the city covers an area of about 311.64 km².[4]
Maebashi is known to be the "City of Water, Greenery and Poets" because of its pure waters, its rich nature and because it gave birth to several Japanese contemporary poets, such as Sakutaro Hagiwara. [5]
Maebashi hosted the 1999 IAAF World Indoor Championships.

Name Origins[edit]

Maebashi area was called Umayabashi (厩橋) during the Nara Period. This name finds its origins in the fact that there was a bridge crossing the Tone River (hashi 橋) and not far from the bridge there was a small stable (umaya 厩), often used by people travelling on the Tōzan-dō (the way that was connecting the capital to the Eastern regions of Japan). The name was officially changed into Maebashi (前橋) in 1649 during the Edo Period.[6]

History[edit]

  • 1892 - Maebashi City was founded.
  • 1901 - A portion of Kamikawabuchi Village was merged into Maebashi.
  • 1945 - On 5 August approximately 64.2% of the urban core of the city was destroyed by B-29 air raids following the dropping of propaganda leaflets warning of the impending attacks.[7][8]
  • 1951 - A portion of Kaigaya Village was merged into Maebashi.
  • 1954 - Kamikawabuchi Village, Shimokawabuchi Village, Azuma Village, Minamitachibana Village, Kaigaya Village, Haga Village, Motosōja Village and Sōja Village were merged into Maebashi.
  • 1957 - A portion of Jōnan Village was merged into Maebashi.
  • 1960 - A portion of Tamamura Town and another portion of Jōnan Village were merged into Maebashi.
  • 1967 - Jōnan Village (remaining portions) was merged into Maebashi.
  • 2004 - Mayor Masao Takagi was elected.
  • On December 5, 2004 - The town of Ōgo, and the villages of Kasukawa and Miyagi (all from Seta District) were merged into Maebashi.
  • On May 5, 2009 - The village of Fujimi (from Seta District) was merged into Maebashi. Seta District was dissolved as a result of this merger.[9]

Geography[edit]

Maebashi is located at the foot of Mt. Akagi in the northeast corner of the Kantō Plain.
It is also surrounded by Mt. Haruna and Mt. Myogi.
Two rivers run through the city: the Tone River, Japan's second-longest, and the Hirose River.
Also, Maebashi is farthest from the sea (about 120 km) among all Japanese prefectural capitals.

Climate[edit]

Maebashi has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa). In the winter, the Karakaze, or "dry wind" blows through Maebashi from the north. This is due to the snow clouds coming from the Sea of Japan being blocked by the Echigo Mountain Range between Gunma and Niigata. Because of this, the city has a dry winter and is probably the sunniest place in Japan at over 2,210 hours of sunshine per year.[10] In the summer, it is hot since the location is inland. On July 24, 2001, Maebashi hit 40 °C (104 °F), the fifth hottest temperature ever in Japan.

Climate data for Maebashi, Gunma (1897~2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 22.0
(71.6)
24.6
(76.3)
27.1
(80.8)
32.4
(90.3)
36.5
(97.7)
38.3
(100.9)
40.0
(104)
39.1
(102.4)
38.1
(100.6)
33.0
(91.4)
26.6
(79.9)
23.5
(74.3)
40.0
(104)
Average high °C (°F) 8.4
(47.1)
8.9
(48)
12.1
(53.8)
18.0
(64.4)
22.4
(72.3)
25.4
(77.7)
28.9
(84)
30.1
(86.2)
25.9
(78.6)
20.7
(69.3)
15.8
(60.4)
11.0
(51.8)
19.0
(66.2)
Average low °C (°F) −1.8
(28.8)
−1.3
(29.7)
1.5
(34.7)
7.1
(44.8)
11.7
(53.1)
16.6
(61.9)
20.9
(69.6)
21.8
(71.2)
18.0
(64.4)
11.5
(52.7)
5.7
(42.3)
0.8
(33.4)
9.4
(48.9)
Record low °C (°F) −11.8
(10.8)
−9
(16)
−7.8
(18)
−3.1
(26.4)
0.3
(32.5)
6.0
(42.8)
11.9
(53.4)
13.6
(56.5)
8.4
(47.1)
0.6
(33.1)
−3.5
(25.7)
−7.4
(18.7)
−11.8
(10.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 24.3
(0.957)
34.1
(1.343)
54.1
(2.13)
79.5
(3.13)
103.1
(4.059)
161.5
(6.358)
189.7
(7.469)
190.9
(7.516)
204.1
(8.035)
121.5
(4.783)
46.2
(1.819)
24.1
(0.949)
1,233.1
(48.548)
Snowfall cm (inches) 6.5
(2.56)
7.9
(3.11)
4.5
(1.77)
0.5
(0.2)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.9
(0.35)
20.3
(7.99)
 % humidity 57.0 56.2 56.6 61.7 67.7 75.2 79.3 78.9 79.4 73.4 65.6 59.8 67.57
Mean monthly sunshine hours 214.6 198.2 218.1 203.7 206.0 148.8 157.7 185.3 136.3 163.4 184.0 204.4 2,220.5
Source #1: Japan Meteorological Agency[11]
Source #2: Japan Meteorological Agency (records)[12]

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

Ogo Green Flower Pasture

Economy[edit]

The air conditioning system and compressor manufacturing company Sanden Corporation as well as the tofu and tofu products company Sagamiya Foods have manufacturing sites in the city.[13]

Transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

East Japan Railway Company[edit]

Jōmō Electric Railway[edit]

Bicycle rental[edit]

The Maechari bicycle rental scheme, begun in May 2010, offers bicycles for low-price rental, from a stand in front of JR East Maebashi Station.[14]

Sports[edit]

Thespa Kusatsu at Shikishima Stadium was originally formed in Kusatsu, but plays in Maebashi due to J. League stadium requirements.

Festivals[edit]

  • Ogo Gion Festival

Notable people[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Maebashi is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Japan National Tourism Organization (JNTO), "Maebashi area"; retrieved 2012-2-11.
  2. ^ Maebashi City Office. October 1, 2014. "Demography Study"
  3. ^ Takasaki City Office. September 30, 2014. "Demography Study"
  4. ^ Maebashi City Office. September 30, 2011. "Area Study"
  5. ^ Maebashi City Office. March 27, 1989. "Declaration from the Municipal Council"
  6. ^ Maebashi City Office. 1973. Maebashi no Rekishi (History of Maebashi), Vol. 2, pp.6-15.
  7. ^ Craven, Wesley; Cate, James (editors) (1953). The Pacific: Matterhorn to Nagasaki. The Army Air Forces in World War II. Volume V. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. pp. 656, 675. OCLC 256469807. 
  8. ^ Caidin, Martin (1960). A Torch to the Enemy: The Fire Raid on Tokyo. Bantam War Books. ISBN 0-553-29926-3. 
  9. ^ [1][dead link]
  10. ^ Maebashi Hours of Bright Sunshine
  11. ^ "Monthly Mean Climate Data". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 2011-11-18. 
  12. ^ "観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値)". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 2010-03-06. 
  13. ^ "Major Corporations in Gunma Prefecture". Department of Industry and Economy, Gunma Prefecture. Retrieved 9 March 2014. 
  14. ^ "Rental bicycles eyed to boost tourism". Yomiuri Shimbun (Japan). 19 July 2010. Retrieved 2 August 2010. 
  15. ^ Yagyū, Toshinaga (1957, 1989) Shōden Shinkage-ryū. Kōdansha, reprinted by Shimazu Shobō, ISBN 4-88218-012-X.

External links[edit]