Magdalen College, Oxford

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Colleges and halls of the University of Oxford

Magdalen College

Magdalen College Tower
                     
College name The President and Fellows of the College of St Mary Magdalen in the University of Oxford
Latin name Collegium Beatae Mariae Magdalenae
Motto Floreat Magdalena
Named after Mary Magdalene
Established 1458
Sister college Magdalene College, Cambridge
President David Clary FRS
Undergraduates 411[1] (2013)
Graduates 159
Location Longwall Street and High Street

Magdalen College, Oxford is located in Oxford city centre
Magdalen College, Oxford

Location of Magdalen College within central OxfordCoordinates: 51°45′09″N 1°14′49″W / 51.752374°N 1.247077°W / 51.752374; -1.247077
College website
Boatclub website
Magdalen College Oxford Coat Of Arms (Motto).svg
Blazon Lozengy ermine and sable, on a chief of the second three lilies argent slipped and seeded or.

Magdalen College (/ˈmɔːdlɪn/ MAWD-lin)[2] is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England. As of 2013, the college had an estimated financial endowment of £170.9 million.[3]

Magdalen stands next to the River Cherwell and has within its grounds a deer park and Addison's Walk. The large, square Magdalen Tower is an Oxford landmark, and it is a tradition since the days of Henry VII that the college choir sings from the top of it at 6 a.m. on May Morning.[4]

History[edit]

Magdalen College was founded in 1458 by William of Waynflete, Bishop of Winchester.[5] The founder's statutes included provision for a choral foundation of men and boys (a tradition that has continued to the present day) and made reference to the pronunciation of the name of the College in English. The college received another substantial endowment from the estate of Sir John Fastolf of Caister Castle in Norfolk (1380–1459). Another unrelated college named Magdalen Hall adjacent to Magdalen College eventually became part of Hertford College.[6]

Grounds[edit]

The college has large grounds, close to the city centre. They stretch north and east from the college, and are most of the area bounded by Longwall Street, the High Street (where the porter's lodge is located), and St Clement's.

The Grove (Deer Park)[edit]

The deer in the Grove

This large meadow occupies most of the north west of the college's grounds, from the New Buildings and the Grove Quad up to Holywell Ford. During the winter and spring, it is the home of a herd of Fallow Deer. It is possible to view the meadow (and also the deer) from the path between New Buildings and Grove Quad, and also from the archway in New Buildings.

In the 16th century, long before the introduction of the deer, the grove consisted of gardens, orchards, and bowling greens. During the Civil War, it was used to house a regiment of soldiers. At one point in the 19th century it was home to three traction engines belonging to the works department of the college. By the 20th century it had become well-wooded with many large trees, but most of them were lost to Dutch Elm Disease in the 1970s.

The Meadow (bounded by Addison's Walk)[edit]

This triangular meadow lies to the east of the college, bounded on all sides by the River Cherwell. In the spring, it is filled with the flower Fritillaria meleagris (commonly known as Snakeshead Fritillary), which gives it an attractive green-purple colour. These flowers grow in very few places, and have been recorded growing in the meadow since around 1785. Once the flowering has finished, the deer are moved in for the summer and autumn. In wet winters, some or all of the meadow may flood, as the meadow is lower lying than the surrounding path. All around the edge of the meadow is a tree-lined path, Addison's Walk. It is a beautiful and tranquil walk, favoured by students, dons, and visitors alike. It also links the college with Holywell Ford, and the Fellows' Garden.

The Fellows' Garden[edit]

The Fellows' Garden

Located to the north east of the Meadow, directly behind the new building of the Oxford Centre for Islamic Studies. This long and (fairly) narrow garden follows the Cherwell to the edge of the University Parks . In spring, the ground is covered with flowers. In summer, there are some flowers, many different shrubs, and the varied trees provide dappled cover from the sun. It is linked to Addison's Walk by a bridge.

Buildings[edit]

Further information: Magdalen Tower

The Great Tower was built between 1492 and 1509 by William Orchard, and is an imposing landmark on the eastern approaches to the city centre. The hall and chapel were built at similar times, though both have undergone some changes in the intervening years.

The Cloister or Great Quad was built in 1474-80 (also by Orchard) and has been altered several times since then. In 1822, the north side was in bad shape, and was knocked down while most of the fellows were away from college (only a small group of fellows were in favour of demolishing it). It was rebuilt shortly afterwards. In the early 1900s, renovations were performed, and it was returned to a more mediaeval character. Student rooms were installed in the (very large) roof space in the 1980s.

The New Building was built across a large lawn to the north of the Great Quad beginning in 1733. Its spacious setting is due to the builders' intentions to create an entirely new quad, but only one side was completed. Edward Gibbon and C. S. Lewis had their rooms in this building, and as there are very few student rooms (many being occupied by tutors), they are highly sought after.

The college has four other quads. The irregularly shaped St John's Quad is the first on entering the college, and includes the Outdoor Pulpit and old Grammar Hall. It connects to the Great Quad via the Perpendicular Gothic Founder's Tower, which is richly decorated with carvings and pinnacles and has carved bosses in its vault.

The Chaplain's Quad runs along the side of the Chapel and Hall, to the foot of the Great Tower. St Swithun's Quad and Longwall Quad (which contains the Library) date from the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and make up the southwest corner of the college. The Grove Buildings are the newest, built in the 1990s in a traditional style.

Gallery[edit]

Chapel[edit]

The cloisters
The chapel

The Chapel of Magdalen College is a place of worship for members of the college and others in the University of Oxford community and beyond. As a High Anglican chapel, its tradition is influenced by the Catholic Revival in the Church of England.

Said and sung services are held daily during term.[7] The choir sings Choral Evensong or Evening Prayer every day at 6pm except on Mondays.[7] On Sundays, a Sung Eucharist is offered in the morning at 11am and Compline (Night Prayer) and Benediction is sung congregationally to plainsong at 9pm.[7] Mass is also sung on major holy days.[7][8]

Interior of the college chapel.

Choir[edit]

Magdalen is one of the four choral foundations in Oxford, meaning that the formation of the choir was part of the statutes of the college, the other three choral foundations being New College, Christ Church, and, since 2007, Merton College.[9][10][11]

The choir consists of 12 Academical Clerks, or choral scholars, who are students at the College, and 16 boys aged seven to fourteen, all of whom have scholarships at Magdalen College School. The school was originally founded for this express purpose but has long since become an independent public school.

The choristers' day begins at 7:30, with an early morning practice before school. There is further practice immediately after school, followed by Choral Evensong six nights a week, in term; the Tuesday service is sung by the boys only, and the Friday service only by the Academical Clerks. On Sundays there is a practice at 09:30 followed by Eucharist, then a further afternoon practice followed by Evensong which ends at 7pm. As of September 2010, the choristers no longer sing on most Saturday evenings following the formation of the 'Consort of Voices', a mixed voice choir which sings on most Saturdays in full term.

The Choir has numerous College duties as well as a recording and touring schedule. Traditionally the Choir sings at College Gaudies and at other special events throughout the year, as well as performing on social occasions such as Carols by Candlelight before Christmas and the famous May Morning. On this occasion the Choir sings madrigals at 6am from the top of the college bell-tower to the assembled mass of students and townsfolk celebrating in the streets below.

The Choir records regularly. In 2005, it was nominated for a prestigious Grammy Award for its CD, With a Merrie Noyse, of music by Orlando Gibbons. Other recent works include the BBC's The Blue Planet and Paul McCartney's classical piece Ecce Cor Meum.

Organists[edit]

See also: Organ scholar

The choir has had many well-known organists, such as Daniel Purcell, Sir John Stainer and Bernard Rose. Among the other notable former directors and masters of the choir, who hold the title of Informator Choristarum, are John Sheppard, Sir William McKie and Haldane Campbell Stewart. Past Organ Scholars include Dudley Moore, and past Academical Clerks include John Mark Ainsley, Harry Christophers (founder and director of The Sixteen), Robin Blaze and conductor/composer Gregory Rose.

The former Informator Choristarum was the composer Bill Ives, possibly better known as a former King's Singer. A disc of his music, Listen Sweet Dove, is amongst the choir's latest releases. The College has recently appointed organist Daniel Hyde as Informator Choristarum.

Centre for the History of Childhood[edit]

Centre for the History of Childhood, situated at Magdalen College, is the first institution within the United Kingdom that focuses on studying every interdisciplinary aspect of the history of children from the Greeks and Romans to the present day. [12]

Student life[edit]

1828 watercolour of the Dining Hall by Joseph Nash

Academia[edit]

In its history, Magdalen has been top of the Norrington Table twice, in 2010 and 2012.[13] When over half its finalists achieved firsts in 2010, it claimed the record for the highest ever Norrington Score.[14]

Societies and Social Life[edit]

There is a wide variety of clubs and societies at Magdalen College, Oxford. The Atkin Society provides support and a variety of social events for all Magdalen Law students,[15] and similarly the subject-specific Sherrington Society is a University-wide community for medicine students, based at Magdalen College, which hosts multiple speakers and aims to encourage debate on medical issues.[16] The Florio Society centres around the discussion of members' poetry,[17] and the Magdalen College Trust was set up with the aim of providing charitable help for the disadvantaged.[18] Beyond these more long-established societies, Magdalen College further plays host to a broad variety of student interests and activities. The arts are particularly well-catered for with the Magdalen Players putting on regular dramatic performances [19] and the Magdalen College Music Society (MCMS) being one of the most active branches of the Oxford University Music Society,[20] providing an outlet for musicians of all abilities with a range of events in both formal and informal settings - within the society are several singing groups, an orchestra and multiple ensembles.[21] The Magdalen Film Society takes advantage of the College's cinema facilities with the 200 seat Grove Auditorium to show several films a week[22] and the Magdalen College Pooh Sticks Society uses the extensive grounds for its regular matches.[23] Also to be found at Magdalen is a Pool Society,[24] the Magdalen College Wine Tasting Society, and the Magdalen College Quiz Society. The latter has been especially successful of late, winning the University Challenge on four occasions (in 1997, 1998, 2004, and 2011). At the time of the fourth win, no other institution had won it more than twice.[25]

A College Entertainment or 'Entz' team is also elected on a yearly basis to organise a variety of inclusive social events for the undergraduate body,[26] and a Commemoration Ball, also organised primarily by undergraduate students, is held on average every three years.

Sports[edit]

The Magdalen College Boat Club (MCBC) has experienced great success in recent years. Magdalen held the Oxford Head of the River between 2004 and 2007, winning the Summer Eights competition in each of these years. Summer Eights is the most prestigious university regatta held in Oxford. The Men's 1st Torpid became Head of the River in the 2008 Torpids. Having dropped two places in 2009, they regained one place in 2013, which places them second behind Pembroke. The Women's 1st Torpid became Head of the River in 2010, retaining the title in 2011, 2012 and 2013. In Summer Eights 2010, the Women's 2nd boat won blades for the first time in its history.

As well as the MCBC, Magdalen College is represented by teams in Football, Hockey, Rugby, Netball, Cricket, Lacrosse and Squash, amongst others.[27] The College prides itself on its wide array of facilities which are frequently renovated and updated,[28] and alumni often provide assistance for the purchase of kit and other necessary expenses.[29]

College Stamp[edit]

A College Stamp was issued in the 1960s and the 1970s to prepay a local delivery of mail by the college porters. It was short-lived and only a few stamps exist. One on cover is known and is detailed in the Great Britain Philatelic Society Journal.[30]

Notable members[edit]

Current Members of Parliament[edit]

Magdalen College as seen from the south side of the High Street, adjacent to the Botanic Gardens.

Three Magdalen alumni are members of the current Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition Cabinet:[31]

Other alumni in Parliament are:

The politics tutor Stewart Wood is a Labour peer.

Notable fellows and Presidents[edit]

Joseph Harwar, President of Magdalen College from 1706-1722

The college's current president, David Clary FRS, was earlier a Fellow and Senior Tutor at Magdalene College, Cambridge.

Magdalen is also home to four Waynflete Professorships.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Student numbers December 2013". University of Oxford. 
  2. ^ "Magdalen (Name)". First Names Dictionary on AskOxford.com. 
  3. ^ Magdalen College, Oxford Accounts 2013
  4. ^ Dunton, Larkin (1896). The World and Its People. Silver, Burdett. p. 55. 
  5. ^ "Magdalen college website". 
  6. ^ "Explanation on Magdalen College Website". 
  7. ^ a b c d "Chapel Services". Magdalen College, Oxford. 
  8. ^ "Chapel & Choir". Magdalen College, Oxford. 
  9. ^ "Choral and organ scholarships". University of Oxford. 
  10. ^ "Choral scholarships". University of Oxford. 
  11. ^ "Organ and Choral Scholarships". Oxford University Faculty of Music. 
  12. ^ "History Faculty". 
  13. ^ "Magdalen top of the 2012 Norrington Table". Magdalen College. 
  14. ^ "Magdalen top of the Norrington table". Magdalen College. 
  15. ^ http://www.magd.ox.ac.uk/living-here/societies/the-atkin-society/ | The Atkin Society on the Magdalen College website
  16. ^ http://www.magd.ox.ac.uk/living-here/societies/the-sherrington-society/ | The Sherrington Society on the Magdalen College website
  17. ^ http://www.magd.ox.ac.uk/living-here/societies/the-florio-society/ | The Florio Society on the Magdalen College website
  18. ^ http://www.magd.ox.ac.uk/living-here/societies/the-magdalen-college-trust/ | The Magdalen College Trust on the Magdalen College website
  19. ^ Magdalen Players | Home
  20. ^ http://oums.org/colleges/magdalen/ | The MCMS page on the Oxford University Music Society's website
  21. ^ Magdalen College Music Society page on the Magdalen College JCR Website
  22. ^ http://www.magdalenfilmsociety.com |Magdalen Film Society Website
  23. ^ http://oxfordstudent.com/tag/pooh-sticks/ | 'The Oxford Student' article on the MCPSS
  24. ^ http://www.magd.ox.ac.uk/living-here/student-life/ | References to Pool in sports clubs on the Magdalen College website
  25. ^ Magdalen Wins University Challenge for a Record Fourth Time - Magdalen College
  26. ^ http://magdjcr.co.uk/entz | Entertainments page on JCR website
  27. ^ http://magdjcr.co.uk/sports | Sports page of Magdalen College's JCR website
  28. ^ http://www.magd.ox.ac.uk/living-here/student-life/ | Magdalen Sports on the College website
  29. ^ http://www.magd.ox.ac.uk/alumni-friends/supporting-magdalen/priorities/sports-and-societies/ | Magdalen College website on Sports and Societies
  30. ^ Journal of the Great Britain Philatelic Society, Volume 48, Number 4, July/August 2010, and Volume 49, Number 4, July/August 2011
  31. ^ Five Members of the New Cabinet Graduated from Magdalen - Magdalen College

External links[edit]