|Commune and town|
Riwaq El-Fen in Maghnia
|• Land||96 sq mi (249 km2)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
It is the second town in Tlemcen Province, after Tlemcen. The current population is over 95,000.
Archeologists have found evidence of prehistoric people in the area, who were displaced by the Phoenicians. The remnants of burned Ancient Roman military posts were discovered by the French army in 1836, when they entered the area; these posts were occupied, according to the inscriptions, by a numerus Syrorum: a unit of Syrian archers. As such, it was the westermost outpost of Mauretania Caesariensis.
The Berbers named the place Lalla Marnia (Lalla Maghnia), after a local saint buried in the vicinity. Her mausoleum was probably built in the 18th century.
The French built a redoubt there in 1844, and the modern town developed around it. There is a border crossing to Oujda in Morocco which is sometimes open and sometimes not depending on relations between the two countries.
- Ahmad ben Bella, the first President of independent Algeria, was born in Maghnia in 1916.
- Sid Ahmed Ghozali
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