Magical girl

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Magical girls (魔法少女 mahō shōjo?, also known as mahou shoujo or majokko) is a sub-genre of Japanese fantasy anime and manga which feature young girls who use magic.

Genre history[edit]

Manga and anime historians regard the Princess Knight manga, released in 1953, as a prototype for the magical girl genre.[1] Himitsu no Akko-chan, serialized in 1962 in Ribon, is regarded as the earliest magical girl manga.[2]

The Japanese dub of the American TV series Bewitched became popular among young Japanese girls in the 1960s,[3] and inspired Mitsuteru Yokoyama to invent Sally the Witch, which aired on television in 1966[4] and is regarded by historians as the first magical girl anime.[5]

Sailor Moon is considered to have revitalized the genre and paved the way for later successful titles.[6][7]

After 2003, magical girl anime marketed to male audiences such as Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha became a prolific trend alongside the traditional female-oriented works.[8][examples needed]

The magical girl genre earned renewed popularity in the 2010s with the advent of Puella Magi Madoka Magica,[original research?] whose mature themes and darker atmosphere earned acclaim from viewers and critics outside the genre's target audience.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gravett, Paul (2004). Manga: 60 Years of Japanese Comics. Harper Design. p. 77. ISBN 1-85669-391-0. 
  2. ^ Thompson, Jason (2007). Manga: The Complete Guide. Del Rey. p. 8. ISBN 0345485904. 
  3. ^ Drazen, Patrick (October 2002). Anime Explosion! The What? Why? & Wow! of Japanese Animation. Berkeley, California: Stone Bridge Press. p. 281. ISBN 1-880656-72-8. OCLC 50898281. 
  4. ^ Gravett, Paul (2004). Manga: 60 Years of Japanese Comics. Harper Design. p. 78. ISBN 1-85669-391-0. 
  5. ^ Boren, James (September 2003). "The Making of a Magical Girl". Animerica (Viz Media) 11 (9): 31. 
  6. ^ Thompson, Jason. Manga: The Complete Guide. p. 199. 
  7. ^ Poitras, Gilles (December 1, 2000) Anime Essentials: Every Thing a Fan Needs to Know Stone Bridge Press, ISBN 1-880656-53-1 pp.31–32
  8. ^ Oppliger, John (2007-10-22). "Ask John: Is Magical Girl Anime for Male Viewers a New Trend?". AnimeNation. Retrieved 2008-05-30. 

Further reading[edit]