|Jmol-3D images||Image 1|
|Molar mass||223.206 g/mol|
|Density||2.21 g/cm3 (anhydrous)
1.98 g/cm3 (hexahydrate)
|Melting point||251 °C (anhydrous)
95-100 °C (hexahydrate)
|Solubility in water||99.3 g/100 mL|
|Solubility in ethanol||23.96 g/100 mL|
|EU Index||Not listed|
|R-phrases||R8, R36, R37, R38|
|S-phrases||S17, S26, S27, S36, S37, S39|
|Other cations||Calcium perchlorate
|Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)|
|(what is: / ?)|
Magnesium perchlorate is a powerful oxidizing agent, with the formula Mg(ClO4)2. It is also a superior drying agent for gas analysis.
The enthalpy of solution is quite high, so reactions are done in large amounts of water to dilute it.
It is sold under the trade name anhydrone. Manufacture of this product on a semi-industrial scale was first performed by G. Frederick Smith Ph.D. in his garage in Urbana Illinois, but later at a permanent facility in Columbus, OH called G. Frederick Smith Chemical Co. He sold the magnesium perchlorate to A. H. Thomas Co., now Thomas Scientific, under the trade name Dehydrite.
It is used as desiccant to dry gas or air samples, but is no longer advised, for use as a general desiccant, due to hazards inherent in perchlorates. It is dried by heating at 250 °C under vacuum.
- CRC Handbook
- H. H. Willard, G. F. Smith (1922). "The Preparation and Properties of Magnesium Perchlorate and its Use as a Drying Agent". Journal of the American Chemical Society 44 (10): 2255–2259. doi:10.1021/ja01431a022.
- L. Wu, H. He (1994). "Preparation of perlite-based magnesium perchlorate desiccant with colour indicator". The Chemical Educator 41 (5): 633–637. doi:10.1016/0039-9140(94)80041-3.
- W. L. F. Armarego and C. Chai (2003). Purification of laboratory chemicals. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann. ISBN 0-7506-7571-3.
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