Magnificent tree frog

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Magnificent tree frog
Litoria splendida.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Hylidae
Genus: Litoria
Species: L. splendida
Binomial name
Litoria splendida
Tyler, Davies & Martin, 1977
Litoria splendida range.PNG
Distribution of the magnificent tree frog

The magnificent tree frog or splendid tree frog (Litoria splendida), a tree frog species, was first described in 1977. It has a limited range, only occurring on the north-western coast of Australia in the Northern Territory and Western Australia. It has a similar appearance to, and can be confused with, the closely related White's tree frog.

Physical description[edit]

A juvenile magnificent tree frog, before the development of large parotoid glands

The magnificent tree frog is a relatively large tree frog, with the males reaching a length of 10.4 cm (4.1 in) and the females 10.6 cm (4.2 in). They have olive to bright green dorsal surfaces with white ventral surfaces. The undersides of the feet and legs are bright yellow. Most specimens have white or sulphur-coloured dots on their backs, of varying densities. The older magnificent tree frogs can be distinguished from White's tree frogs by the presence of very large parotoid glands, which cover the entire top of their heads and droop over their tympana. The tympanum is large, almost the size of the eye, and partially obscured by the parotoid gland.

Ecology and behaviour[edit]

Splendid tree frog.jpg

Magnificent tree frogs are native to the Kimberley region of Western Australia, and enter caves and rock crevices during the day. Much like the other large tree frogs in Australia, White's tree frog and the giant tree frog, they inhabit areas near humans, and can be found around buildings and in toilets, showers, and water tanks. They are nocturnal, and will hunt and breed at night.

Breeding probably takes place during the wet season. The male's call is very similar to that of White's tree frog, a deep "crawk-crawk-crawk" repeated many times. The breeding habits of the magnificent tree frog have not been extensively studied.

As a pet[edit]

It is kept as a pet; in Australia, this animal may be kept in captivity with the appropriate permit.

References[edit]