|Part of the Politics series|
|Basic forms of
A magocracy is a government hierarchy with the highest and main authority being one or many practitioner(s) of magic. This is often similar to a theocratic structured regime and is largely portrayed in fiction and fantasy genre categories.
The concept of a magus takes its name from the priests of the Magian religion of the ancient Medes, who wielded considerable power and influence, until they were suppressed as a result of a revolt by the pretender Smerdis against Cambyses II.
Similarly, Julius Caesar's Commentaries on the Gallic War portrays druids as a learned priestly class and the keepers of customary law, with the power of executing judgments. These druids were a non-hereditary class that became druids by submitting to an extensive program of training.
In Dungeons & Dragons the two main types of magic are arcane magic and divine magic. A government headed by the disciples of divine magic is called a theocracy. In a magocracy, only those with ability in arcane magic have a voice in government. Power is limited to the few who have the wealth and education, or magical heritage.
Typically, arcane magic users will have privileges, and the citizens will live in fear. Divine magic may be restricted, or limited to followers of the state religion. In the world of Mystara, the Principalities of Glantri have banned all divine magic users.
Examples in fiction
Ursula K. LeGuin's fictional world of Earthsea could be called a magocracy. In this world, a school of magic constitutes the closest thing to a central government of an archipelago of pre-industrial cultures.
Within the Dungeons & Dragons role-playing worlds, perhaps the most well-known magocracy is that of the government of Thay, an ambitious empire that is ruled by the Red Wizards in the Forgotten Realms setting. It is an enemy to many nations, including Aglarond, Mulhorand and Rashemen.
The city-state of Dalaran in the Warcraft Universe is ruled by a group of wizards called the Kirin Tor.
A magocracy (though not referred to by that term) has also appeared in the Star Wars Expanded Universe, where Emperor Palpatine, inspired by a similar scheme initiated by the Sith-descended "Sorcerers of Tund," intended to use his grasp of the Dark Side to personally rule over the galaxy, instead of having his control mediated through a bureaucracy and military. His initial prototype for this scheme (incomplete at the time of his death at the Battle of Endor) was the planet Byss.
In the Bartimaeus Trilogy, the British Empire is ruled entirely by magicians.
In Magic the Gathering, Esper, one of the shards of the plane Alara, is a typical Magocracy.
In The Black Magician trilogy, the kingdom of Sachaka is ruled over by powerful magicians known as Ashaki, while almost everyone else is enslaved.